The Victorian Age - MARILENA BELTRAMINI

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The Victorian Age
It is the phase of the Reign of Queen Victoria (1837
– 1901), in which the novel becomes the leading
form of literature in England.
significant Novelists:
Charles Dickens
William Thackeray
Anna, Charlotte and Emily Brontë
George Eliot
MEAN FEATURES OF VICTORIAN
LITERATURE
omniscient third person narrator
most of the times the protagonist speaks with the same
voice of the author
narrator is always visible both in third person and in first
person narrations

complicate and long story line

linear time

narrative structure

Educational purpose



THE MODERN AGE
Modernism is an aesthetics movements that goes from 1890
to 1930.
It may be considered a rejection against the Victorian Age
because there is a radical transformation in the way in which
people see the World, so there is a different concept of life.
IMPORTANT WRITERS OF MODERN AGE:
•James Joyce
•T. S. Eliot
•Ezra Pound
•Virginia Woolf
• Ford Madox Ford
• Francis Scott Fitzgerald
• Ernest Hemingway
•Henry Roth
• Wyndham Lewis
•Laura Riding
•Hilda Doolittle
•Gertrude Stein
MODERNISM
Cultural movement during
the first three decades of the
20th century
Rejected the old Victorian
standards
In LITERATURE
 How say things (form)
 Minimum plot
 The eclipse of the narrator
 The shift of the point of view
 The stream of consciousness technique
 Focus on the psychology
 Simultaneous concept of time
 Poetical language
The reader is free to
make his personal idea
Virginia Woolf’s “Mrs. Dalloway”
It is a suitable example of Modern fiction, in which V.Woolf
adopts some interesting narrative techniques:
The Interior Monologue, in which the reader has got the feeling
to be inside character’s mind. He can know everything about
character’s present, past and future.
Moment of Being is a moment when an individual is totally
conscious of his experience. In her moments of being Woolf
uses a language that comes near poetry.
In the novel there is a simultaneous concept of time, however
exist a relation between the time of narration and the
chronological time.
JAMES JOYCE
(1882-1941)
One of the most
important
Modernist writers

Formal aspect is very important
 First person narrator
 Stream of consciousness
technique
Ulysses (1922)
Dublin, 16 June 1904 (a
single day)
Three characters (Leopold
and Molly Bloom, Stephen)
 No logical connectors
18 chapters have titles
derived from the episodes
in the Odyssey by Homer
 No punctuation
Leopold = Ulysses
 Anaphoric construction
Molly = Penelope
 Simultaneous time
Details of everyday life and
the inner life of the
characters
 Demands a lot to the reader
 Joyce is extremely realistic

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