is the ninth largest country of the world,
is the motherland of nomadic people
Area: 2.725.000 sq.km
The North Capital: Astana (319 000)
The South Capital: Almaty (1 129 000)
Location: in the center of the
Eurasia continent.
Kazakhstan borders Russia, China,
Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and
Climate: extreme continental
Landscape and Relief
The country's landscape varies enormously from the
mountains and glaciers of the ridges of the Tien-Shan
range (12 %) to steppe (26 %), semi-desert (14 %),
desert (44 %) and forest (4 %).
The highest point in Kazakhstan is
7,010 m above sea level (the Khan-Tengri peak).
The lowest point is the west of the country,
132 m below sea level
(the Karagie depression, east of the Caspian Sea).
Population: 15,000,000
Population per sq. km: 5,5
45% are Kazakhs
35% are Russians,
20% are Ukraines, Germans, Tatars, Uzbeks, etc.
There are over 100 nationalities in Kazakhstan.
Language: The state language is Kazakh, belongs to
the Turk language group. In practice, Russian is used as
a second official language and as the language of interethnic communication.
Kazahstan is a secular state
Sunni muslims (47%),
Russian Orthodox (44%)
Buddism and Judaism 9%.
Population below poverty line: 38%
Unemployment rate: 8,8%
Medium age: 28 years
Population growth rate: 0,26%
Total fertility rate: 1,9 children
Head of State: President Nazarbayev
GDP: US$105,5 billion
GDP real growth rate: 9,2%
GDP per capita: US$ 3,400
GDP composition by sectors:
• agriculture: 7,7%
• industry: 37,5%
• services: 54,6%
Currency: tenge (0,0077 US$)
Inflation: 10%
Major Industries: oil, coal, iron ore, etc.
Agriculture: wheat, cotton, wool, livestock

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