Effective Teaching

Report
A smooth running classroom is the result of implementing
appropriate rules and procedures
so that students know what is expected.
Either you set the standards, or your students will.
efficient
effective
Mastery
teaching
Positive
expectations
Classroom
management
Effective
Teacher
Well managed
classroom
High
achievement
level
Positive
expectations
What students want to know when they
enter your classroom on the first day:
Am I in the
right room?
Where am I
supposed to
sit?
What are the
rules in this
classroom?
Your room
room is
is
Your
clearly labelled
labelled
clearly
and welcoming
welcoming
and
Assign
students a seat
Identify your
class rules and
discipline plan
What will I be
doing this
year?
Who is the
teacher as a
person?
Will I be
treated as a
human being?
Prepare a script
Why the First Day of School is
so important
What is done on the
first day will to a large
extent, determine the
success of that class.
On the First
Day of
School
Greet students
personally as
they enter the
room.
On the First Day of School
Assign seats
to students
On the First Day of School
Instruct
students to
begin the
assignment at
their desks as
soon as they
find their seat.
I put an assignment on the board every single
I putbefore
an assignment
on came
the board
day
the students
in to every
my
single day
before
came in to
classes.
I now
havethe
onestudents
of the smoothest
my classes.
I now have
the
running
classrooms,
andone
the of
students
smoothest
running
produce
more
for meclassrooms,
now than atand
any the
other
time.
students produce more for me now than
at any other
time.
Shirley
Bert Lee, Elementary Teacher
Shirley Bert Lee, Elementary Teacher
The First
Days
School
The First
Daysof
of School
First Day
Assignment
‘Bell Work’
reading
math
revision
spelling
colouring
drawing
The one, single, most important factor
governing student learning is classroom
management.
Educational Leadership, January 1994
Classroom Discipline Plan
Discipline
Procedures
Routine
Discipline
Plan
No more
than 5
rules
Post the
plan
where it
can be
seen
Rules Have
Consequences
Never
make a
rule that
you are
not willing
to enforce
every time
Rules
Consequences
Rewards
Praise
Movie and
popcorn
party
Whole class
PAT
Joy of
learning
The number one problem in
classrooms is not discipline; it is
the lack of procedures and
routines.
The First Days of School, p167
Procedures to teach
On the First Day of School
Entering the
classroom
Movement of
students
Starting work as
soon as they
enter “bell work”
Quieting a class
Students
seeking help
End of lesson
Without procedures and
routines there is no structure.
Without structure, no one
knows what to do.
Without procedures and
routines there is no
structure.
Without structure, no one
knows what to do.
Teaching Procedures:
Explain, Rehearse, Reinforce
Explain: state,
explain, model
and demonstrate
the procedure.
Rehearse: rehearse
and practice the
procedure under
your supervision.
Reinforce:
reteach,
rehearse,
practice,
reinforce.
Procedure for quieting a class
When you hear
me ring the
bell ...
Stop
Look and
Listen
If you want your students to do
something, they must physically do it
and do it and do it and do it over and
over again.
... Until it is right
Waiting in line
procedure
1.Feet together
2.Arms at side
3.No talking
Computer lab procedure
1. Wash hands
2. No more than 2 people at a computer
3. Clean the area before you leave
4. Log out of all programs
5. If it is the end of the day, close down the
computer.
Your procedures will become routines
Keep
rehearsing
Congratulate
Do it again
• Until procedures become
routine
• On doing it correctly
• At the next opportunity
until it becomes a routine
Procedures = achievement
and responsible behaviour
Teach Responsible behaviour
Clean up
handing
out
Bulletin
Board
Clean up
General
Chores
Identify the procedures you need for your classroom
and teach them as the need presents
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When students are late
Asking for help
Responding to help
Listening and responding
to questions
When you need
paper/pencil
Sharpening pencils
Turning in papers
When absent
When someone enters
the room
Working co-operatively
An emergency alert
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When you need help
Procedures for finishing
early
Playground equipment
Keeping work area tidy
Walking in the hallway
Going to the library
Using computers
When absent
Going to the toilet
Using the water fountain
Managing Behaviour
It has been estimated that
a teacher makes more
decisions in an hour than
an air traffic controller.
Tools for Teaching, Fred Jones
Your Room – placement of
furniture
‘work the
crowd’
Make eye
contact
with
those at a
distance
Green: Clear
to goof off –
teacher not
nearby
Managing stress will enable you to
manage the classroom more effectively
Remaining
calm in the
face of stress,
is a skill
If you are
calm, you
will have a
calming
effect on
those
around
you
What you say non-verbally will have a
greater impact than what you say verbally
Managing classroom disruptions
•Get
Calm
them
the
back
student
on task
Focus on small
disruptions
Big disruptions
grow from small
disruptions
Discipline or instruction?

A difficult choice?
How big is
the
disruption
How
important is
the
assignment?
Of course the problem is small
of course the lesson is important
But you cannot turn a blind eye
No means
no every
time
At some point, dealing with the same
provocations from the same students
over and over again will become
personal.
Being
consistent
If you respond
based upon
your feelings,
you can never
be consistent.
Managing classroom disruptions
Learn to Relax
Reading students body language
Noncompliance
Reading students body language
With good eye contact there is a tension between
the teacher and the student that builds with each
passing second.
Walk over to the green zone
Move towards
the disruptive
student
Say their
names in a
flat tone of
voice
Walk to the edge of the desk,
stand relaxed and upright
Look at feet and legs
Visual prompt to move fully
around
If half attempt given to you Verbal prompt
Rest your weight on both
palms, watch and wait
Wait long enough for a stable
return to work
If you are given eye prompts student looks up and down, stay
down
Thank the student and stay
down, watch and wait.
Moving In
Moving Out
Repeat the process with the
second student
Stand slowly after thanking
the second student
If Eyes up, eyes down: wait
as you leave, turn fully
towards disrupters
Do not
move
away too
quickly
Camouflage
Work the
crowd
Protect student
from
embarrassment
Use eye
contact
Arrive at the
disrupter’s desk
and give a
knowing look
Effective teachers:
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Apply Rules, consequences and rewards
Implement Procedures
Plan ahead
Assignments posted daily
Be a top professional
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Join Associations
Attend Conferences
Subscriptions
Internet groups
Set up a personal learning network
Learn from experts around you
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Images: lightbulb, Joe Colburn
Classroom by Dave_mcmt
Kids Painting, image by pingu1963
School entrance by Dave-mcmt
Teacher, by EditorB
Blackboard kid, image taken from friendofsnails
Handshake by sudama http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/16557880
Chalkboard background to school boy, by winged photography
School boy, by tomfhaines
Desks, by Ben Werdmuller
Slide 11, classroom by Liz Marie
Notepad image by efekt
Bell work, school door image by Dave_mcmt
Discipline classroom by EditorB
Rules by faeryboots
Classroom rules by szlea
Rewards image by (classroom) LizMarie
Shhh by said&done
Responsible behavour, tidy area in classroom by LizMarie
Cloud question mark by fontplaydotcom
School building by Dave_mcmt
Rehearse image by yeowatzup
Gymnastic image (poutre) by Raoheal Goetter
Rehearse2 by markwick
Ballet image by nayrb7
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Classroom rules by LindaH
Parking image by Jaako
Broken light bulb image by Kyle May
Slide 25, Well ordered classroom by glassbeednorth
Classroom 2, by glassbeednorth
Slide 34, Forming a line image, by woodleywonderworks
Pencil image by arquera
Computer lab, laffy4K
Practising routine, image by pingu1963
Playing piano by flickrized
Classroom (empty desks) by saibotregeel
Clock image by tamelyn
Crowd control (image for fill) by James Cridland
Traffic light image by Johnmarchan
Calm picture, island, by eindzel
On task, image by pingu1963
Mad expression by kevin dooley
Discipline image by hyperscholar
Blind eye, image by DerrekT
Students at desks by hoyasmeg
Expression, body language by EditorB
Relax by *Hini*
Student sitting at desk, image by foundphotosli
Smiley face image by xtheowl
Portrait by flikr
Green light by James Cridland
Moving In image, classroom by hoyasmeg
Moving Out image by peidianlong
Camouflage by jmurawski
Jones, F, 2007, Tools for Teaching, Fredric Jones & Associates
Wong, H & R, 2004, The First Days of School, Harry K Wong Publications

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