Slide 1

Report
Application of IWRM Principles in
Reclamation Planning
Levi Brekke, Reclamation Research & Development Office (Denver, CO)
Acknowledgments: Randy Christopherson, Art Coykendall, Avra Morgan,
Christopher Perry, and Seshu Vaddey (Reclamation, Denver, CO)
AWRA Summer Specialty Conference
Integrated Water Resources Management – From Theory to Application
Reno, NV, 1 July 2014
Reclamation
Mission
The mission of the
Bureau of Reclamation is
to manage, develop, and
protect water and
related resources in an
environmentally and
economically sound
manner in the interest of
the American public.
348 Reservoirs, totaling roughly
300 km3 of water storage
Greater than 25,000 km of canals
$9 Billion annual agricultural benefits
Municipal water to more than 31
million people
58 Hydropower facilities powering
over 6 million homes
308 public recreation areas visited
by more than 90 million people each
year
More than $12 billion avoided flood
damages since 1959
Outline
• IWRM Principles and Processes
• Reclamation Key Planning Areas & how IWRM
is being applied…
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–
–
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Basin Studies
Feasibility Studies (plus associated efforts)
ESA Collaborative Programs
Drought Response Planning
• Challenges and Opportunities
IWRM – Several Definitions
• Example: CA Water Education Foundation:
– IWRM “… is a collaborative effort to manage all aspects of water
resources in a region. It is a consensus-based, crossjurisdictional watershed approach that can help purveyors,
planners, landowners, stakeholders and others develop plans to
better manage their water resources.” (“Layperson's Guide to
Integrated Regional Water Management,” 2013, available at:
http://www.water.ca.gov/irwm/other_resources/publications.cfm)
• Variations:
– GWP 2000, Bourget 2006, USACE 2010, AWRA 2011
– USACE 2010 and AWRA 2011 emphasize land-water nexus
Source: AWRA 2012, “Case Studies in Integrated Water Resources
Management: From Local Stewardship to National Vision”
IWRM Process
• Continuing Process,
four key stages:
• Ingredients for
success:
recognize and
identify
implement,
monitor,
evaluate
conceptualize
coordinate
detailed
planning
Source: AWRA 2012, “Case Studies in Integrated Water Resources
Management: From Local Stewardship to National Vision”
– legislation
– policies
– available resources for
financing
–…
IWRM Principles
• Manage Water Sustainably – consider quantity and quality;
consider environment, social equity and economics
• Coordinate to support Integration - intergovernmental, between
organizations, engage land use jurisdictions
• Encourage participation – involve local public and stakeholders
from all water use sectors
• Address Resources Interconnectedness – consider larger
geographic region or watershed, recognize interconnectedness of
land and water, surface water and groundwater, water quantity and
river quality, freshwater and coastal waters, rivers and the broader
watershed, reservoir space use for flood control and water supply…
Source: AWRA 2012, “Case Studies in Integrated Water Resources
Management: From Local Stewardship to National Vision”
Reclamation’s Mission is conducted through several
types of planning mapped to unique goals…
Goal: prepare for future risks to
water supplies and demands under
climate change and other stressors
Basin Studies
Goal: inform recommendation to
Congress whether to invest in a
water resources development
through authorized study (e.g.,
infrastructure, management criteria)
Feasibility Studies
Goal: address ESA Section 7(a)1
(conservation of listed species), ESA
Section 7(a)2 (consultation
compliance to avoid
jeopardy/adverse modification)
ESA Collaborative Programs
Goal: facilitate collaborative and
proactive drought risk management
among basin partners
Drought Response Planning
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•
•
•
•
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Assess future scenarios and vulnerability
Appraisal level evaluation of many solutions
Federal and non-Federal collaboration
Includes prior appraisal studies, evaluates
justification of proposed action and
associated environmental impacts
P&Gs apply
Involves partnering with environmental and
water agencies to identify and implement
compliance and conservation strategies, and
for some programs, engage basin partners
to preclude further listings
New program, promote development of
contingency plans to complement
management reactions during drought
Basin Studies: 22 funded since 2009
2009
Colorado River Basin
Milk/St. Mary Rivers Basin
Yakima River Basin
2010
Niobrara River Basin
Truckee River Basin
Santa Ana River Basin
Henrys Fork of Snake River
S.E. California Regional Basin
2011
Lower Rio Grande River Basin
Santa Fe Basin
Klamath River Basin
Hood River Basin
2012
Upper Washita River Basin
Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers
Republican River Basin
Pecos River Basin
L.A. Basin
2013
San Diego Watershed
Information at:
West Salt River Valley
http://www.usbr.gov/WaterSMART/bsp/index.html
2014 (* - not on map)
Deschutes River Basin
Missouri River Headwaters
Upper Red River Basin
Basin Study Example #1:
Henry’s Fork of the Snake River, ID
•
Goal: Identify climate change risks to
water supply and demands
•
Adaptation: Identify and appraise
strategies to mitigate risks
–
•
Participants:
–
•
e.g., storage, alternative water
management
Fremont-Madison Irrigation District (FMID),
Henrys Fork Foundation (HFF),
Reclamation, Trout Unlimited, Native Trout
Subcommittee (IDFG, HFF,USFS, FMID,
FTR, Consultants, IDWR )
Completed in 2014
Information at:
(http://www.usbr.gov/pn/programs/studi
es/idaho/henrysfork/index.html)
Contact: Lesa Stark ([email protected])
… application of IWRM principles
•
(1) Manage Water Sustainability, (4)
Address Resources Interconnectedness:
–
•
focus on water quantity for the watershed,
addressing surface water and
groundwater connections, with
consideration for fish habitat, social equity,
and economics
(2) Coordinate / Support Integration, (3)
Encourage participation:
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–
–
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collaboration among USBR, IWRB,
Henry’s Fork Watershed Council &
stakeholders … helped develop set of
alternatives to address multiple resource
objectives
Native Trout Subcommittee & small
workgroups developed alternatives,
discussed analyses, evaluated processes
Websites to engage and collect feedback
from the public
Connect with Federal, State & local
policies and programs
Basin Study Example #2:
Yakima River, WA
•
Goal: address climate change risks
like other Basin Studies; address
contemporary issues of water
adjudication, droughts/shortages, and
anadromous fish sustainability
•
Adaptation: Use Basin Study to
develop Integrated Water Resources
Management Plan (IWRMP), with set
of strategies
•
Participants:
–
•
Yakima River Basin Water
Enhancement Project (YRBWEP)
workgroup members, including 3
Federal agencies, 3 State agencies, 11
local jurisdictions, Yakama Nation &
American Rivers
Completed in 2011
Information at:
(http://www.usbr.gov/pn/programs/yrbw
ep/2010workgroup/index.html)
Contact: Wendy Christensen
([email protected])
AWRA recognized the Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project (YRBWEP)
Workgroup with its Integrated Water Resources Management Award for 2012
Feasibility Studies
• Given:
– proposed action that would alter water
or related resource management
– e.g., new infrastructure, new
management criteria
• Purpose:
– develop informed recommendation to
implement an action-alternative or take
no federal action.
• Considerations:
– satisfaction of objectives
– physical, environmental, economic and
financial feasibility
– validity of scientific, technical and design
assumptions
– ability to implement (reliability of cost &
schedule estimates, capability &
willingness of partners)
Study Requirements at:
http://www.usbr.gov/recman/cmp/cmp0
9-02.pdf
Example Program: Title XVI – Water
Reclamation and Reuse
(http://www.usbr.gov/WaterSMART/title
/index.html)
Principles & Requirements guide
Feasibility Studies, relate to IWRM
• Guiding Principles :
– Healthy & Resilient
Ecosystems
– Sustainable Economic
Development
– Floodplains
– Public Safety
– Environmental Justice
– Watershed Approach
2013 Principles and Requirements, draft Interagency Guidelines at:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/initiatives/PandG
• IWRM Concepts:
– Manage Water
Sustainably
– Coordinate to Support
Integration
– Encourage
Participation
– Address Resources
Interconnectedness
Feasibility Study Example:
Shasta Lake Water Resources Investigation (Enlarged Shasta)
• Objectives
– Primary: Anadromous fish survival,
water supply reliability
– Secondary: Ecosystem restoration,
flood damage reduction, hydropower,
recreation, water quality
• Action
– Raise dam, increase reservoir storage,
relocate reservoir areas, protect/mitigate
related resources
• Key Players
•
– Reclamation (Lead), USDA Forest Service,
other cooperating agencies, Tribes and Local
Community, Stakeholders
Information at:
(http://www.usbr.gov/mp/slwri/index.html)
Ongoing
Contact: Katrina Chow ([email protected])
– Draft Feasibility Report – 2011
– Draft EIS – 2013
– Final Feasibility Report & EIS – 2015
… application of IWRM Principles
• Manage Water Sustainably
– Alternatives were formulated to meet both primary objectives water supply reliability and anadromous fish survival
– All alternatives provide benefits to anadromous fish survival, water
supply reliability, ecosystem resources, reducing flood damage,
increasing hydropower generation, water quality, and recreation
– Regional Economic Development and National Economic
Development benefits evaluated in Feasibility Report
– Potential physical, biological, cultural, and socioeconomic effects
of all comprehensive plans evaluated in EIS
– Environmental justice evaluated in EIS for all comprehensive plans
• Coordinate to support Integration
– Project Coordination Team Meetings w/ cooperating agencies
– Coordination of recreation plans with USFS
– Coordinated development of comprehensive mitigation plan with
USFS, USFWS, BLM, USACE
– Review of key documents by cooperating agencies prior to public
release
… application of IWRM Principles
• Encourage participation
– briefings for reservoir area stakeholders
– coordination/outreach to both Federally recognized and nonFederally recognized tribal groups
– coordination with Reclamation water contractors
– development of SLWRI Website & Mailing List
– public outreach to support public release of draft EIS (DEIS)
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Provided DEIS in multiple formats - Mailed to entire Mailing List, posted to
website, hardcopies in public locations across California
Hosted Public workshops & hearings
Participated in radio interviews & local City Council meetings
• Address Resources Interconnectedness
– Inclusion of primary & extended study areas –
•
•
Primary Study Area – Shasta Lake and tributaries & Sacramento River
below Shasta Dam to Red Bluff
Extended Study Area - Sacramento River downstream from Red Bluff, the
Delta, and CVP/SWP facilities and service areas
– Evaluated benefits and impacts to a broad range of resource
areas in EIS, such as effects to groundwater and flows and water
quality in the Sacramento River and Delta
ESA Collaborative Programs
• Helps Reclamation maintain
ESA Compliance
• Includes habitat maintenance
and possibly river restoration
• Benefits multiple listed
species
• Involve numerous water
users and stakeholders
• Formal structure and
decision-making
Information at:
(http://www.usbr.gov/river/)
ESA Collaborative Program Example #1:
Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS)
• Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS)
– 14 Federal multi-purpose dams
– Managed by three agencies for controlling floods, providing
irrigation and navigation, protecting fish and wildlife,
generating power, sustaining cultural resources . . .
– Works through the U.S. Canada Treaty to improve flows for
listed salmon and steelhead in the U.S
• Federally listed salmon and steelhead
–
Led to BiOp issued by NMFS – Reasonable and
Prudent Alternative includes hydrosystem
improvements for salmon, habitat and hatchery
improvements and predator control
–
Extensive collaboration, including with the Federal
Caucus, Fish Accord partners, several States,
multiple tribes, and various stakeholders
Information at:
(http://www.usbr.gov/pn/fcrps/index.html and
http://www.salmonrecovery.gov/Home.aspx /)
Contact: Kate Puckett ([email protected])
ESA Collaborative Program Example #2
San Juan Basin Recovery Implementation Program
•
•
Initiated in 1992 to conserve and recover two
endangered fish species in the San Juan
River basin while allowing water
developments to proceed
Program partners:
–
Jicarilla Apache Nation, Navajo Nation, Southern Ute Indian Tribe,
State of Colorado, State of New Mexico, U.S. Bureau of Indian
Affairs, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of
Reclamation, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ute Mountain Ute
Indian Tribe, Water Development Interests in Colorado and New
Mexico
•
Established to protect and improve status of
federally listed species while protecting
existing and future water uses.
•
All four IWRM principles are at play…
Information at: (http://www.fws.gov/southwest/sjrip/index.cfm)
Contact: Brent Uilenberg ([email protected])
Drought Response Program
• Reclamation’s Drought program is being
reformulated to:
– incorporate climate change information
– build long-term resiliency
– prioritize planning efforts that are multi-disciplinary,
collaborative, and more holistically address risk to
multiple sectors (municipalities, agriculture,
ecosystems).
• New “Drought Response Program” will begin
implementation in FY 2015 ($1.5M requested)
Challenges
• Process distinguishment and benefits unclear
– Baseline? Planning without IWRM?
• Environmental compliance requirements are
often challenging
– E.g., species recovery, adaptive management 
IWRM planning and implementation uncertainties
• No community of practice
• Common mandate isn’t enough, need proper
alignment of authorities and budgets
– E.g., Reclamation & FWS face challenges trying to
leverage resources through LCCs
Opportunities
• Seek better alignment of interagency programs &
budgets within authorities and mandates
• Support post-analysis of process benefits, engaging
social, economic, and political science communities
• Encourage peer agencies to conduct maturity
assessments of their IWRM processes
– identify the workflow and stages, potential maturities by stage,
common deficiencies and aspirations
– results might inform community science & application efforts
Contacts
• Basin Studies
– Seshu Vaddey ([email protected])
• ESA Collaborative Programs
– Art Coykendall ([email protected])
• Feasibility Studies
– Chris Perry ([email protected])
– Randy Christopherson ([email protected])
• Drought Response Program
– Avra Morgan ([email protected])

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