Advances in the PARCC ELA/Literacy Summative Assessment

Report
A Strong Foundation:
The Common Core State Standards
• Nearly every state in the nation is working
individually and collectively to improve its academic
standards and assessments to ensure students
graduate with the knowledge and skills most
demanded by college and careers
• The Common Core State Standards in English
language arts/literacy and mathematics were created
by educators around the nation
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46 States + DC Have Adopted the
Common Core State Standards
*Minnesota adopted the CCSS in ELA/literacy only
Key Advances of the Common Core
MATHEMATICS
ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS/LITERACY
Focus, coherence and clarity: emphasis on
key topics at each grade level and coherent
progression across grades
Balance of literature and informational
texts; focus on text complexity
Procedural fluency and understanding of
concepts and skills
Emphasis on argument, informative/
explanatory writing, and research
Promote rigor through mathematical
proficiencies that foster reasoning and
understanding across discipline
Speaking and listening skills
High school standards organized by
conceptual categories
Literacy standards for history, science and
technical subjects
ANCHORED IN COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS
What’s Next?
Common Assessments
• Common Core State Standards are
critical, but it is just the first step
• Common assessments aligned to the
Common Core will help ensure the new
standards truly reach every classroom
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Partnership for Assessment of Readiness
for College and Careers (PARCC)
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PARCC Assessments
ELA/Literacy and Mathematics, Grades 3–11
Beginning of
School Year
End of
School
Year
Flexible
administration
Diagnostic
Assessment
Mid-Year
Assessment
Performance
-Based
Assessment
End-of-Year
Assessment
Speaking and
Listening
Assessment
Key:
Optional
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Required
Higher Expectations
ELA/Literacy
Math
Read sufficiently complex texts
independently
Solve problems: content and
mathematical practice
Write effectively to sources
Reason mathematically
Build and present knowledge
through research
Model real-world problems
Have fluency with
mathematics
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Goal #1: Create High Quality
Assessments
• Summative Assessment Components:
– Performance-Based Assessment (PBA) administered as close to the end of the
school year as possible. The ELA/literacy PBA will focus on writing effectively
when analyzing text. The mathematics PBA will focus on applying skills,
concepts, and understandings to solve multi-step problems requiring abstract
reasoning, precision, perseverance, and strategic use of tools
– End-of-Year Assessment (EOY) administered after approx. 90% of the school
year. The ELA/literacy EOY will focus on reading comprehension. The math
EOY will be comprised of innovative, machine-scorable items
• Non-Summative Assessment Components:
– Diagnostic Assessment designed to be an indicator of student knowledge and
skills so that instruction, supports and professional development can be
tailored to meet student needs
– Mid-Year Assessment comprised of performance-based items and tasks, with
an emphasis on hard-to-measure standards. After study, individual states may
consider including as a summative component
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Goal #2: Build a Pathway to College and
Career Readiness for All Students
K-2 formative
assessment
being
developed,
aligned to the
PARCC system
K-2
Timely student achievement
data showing students,
parents and educators
whether ALL students are ontrack to college and career
readiness
3-8
College
readiness score
to identify who
is ready for
college-level
coursework
High
School
ONGOING STUDENT SUPPORTS/INTERVENTIONS
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Targeted
interventions &
supports:
•12th-grade bridge
courses
• PD for educators
SUCCESS IN
FIRST-YEAR,
CREDIT-BEARING,
POSTSECONDARY
COURSEWORK
Goal #3: Support Educators in the
Classroom
INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS TO
SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
MODULES
K-12 Educator
TIMELY STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
DATA
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EDUCATOR-LED TRAINING TO SUPPORT
“PEER-TO-PEER” TRAINING
Goal #4: Develop 21st Century,
Technology-Based Assessments
PARCC’s assessment will be computer-based and leverage
technology in a range of ways:
•Item Development
– Develop innovative tasks that engage students in the assessment process
•Administration
– Reduce paperwork, increase security, reduce shipping/receiving & storage
– Increase access to and provision of accommodations for SWDs and ELLs
•Scoring
– Make scoring more efficient by combining human and automated
approaches
•Reporting
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– Produce timely reports of students performance throughout the year to
inform instructional, interventions, and professional development
Goal #5: Advance Accountability
at All Levels
• PARCC assessments will be purposefully designed to
generate valid, reliable and timely data, including measures
of growth, for various accountability uses including:
– School and district effectiveness
– Educator effectiveness
– Student placement into college-credit bearing courses
– Comparisons with other state and international benchmarks
• PARCC assessments will be designed for other accountability
uses as states deem appropriate
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Looking Ahead
June 2013
• Guidance on Participation in Field Test and Practice Tests
• Final Subject- and Grade-Level Performance Level Descriptors Adopted
• Final Accommodations Manual Adopted
Summer 2013
•
•
•
Additional Sample Items
Estimates for Assessment Cost
Notification to Schools/Districts Selected for Field Test
Fall 2013
•
•
•
•
Design of Student Score Reports
Minimum Technology Specifications, version 3.0
Training for IEP Writing Teams Based on Accommodations Manual
Sample Items Re-Released in PARCC Technology Platform
Spring 2014
•
Field Test Administration and Practice Test
Fall 2014
•
Operational Assessment Administration Manual
SY 2014-15
•
Operational Administration of PARCC Summative Assessments
Summer 2015
•
Standard Setting
Throughout
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2013-14
•
Additional Guidance to Districts on Assessment Administration
Advances in the
PARCC
ELA/Literacy
Summative
Assessment
August 2013
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PARCC’s Fundamental Advance
PARCC is designed to reward quality
instruction aligned to the Common Core
State Standards, so the assessment is
worthy of preparation rather than a
distraction from good work.
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PARCC’s Core Commitments to
ELA/Literacy Assessment Quality
•
Questions Worth Answering: Sequences of questions that draw
students into deeper encounters with texts are the norm (as in an
excellent classroom), rather than sets of random questions of
varying quality.
•
Texts Worth Reading: The assessments use authentic texts worthy
of study instead of artificially produced or commissioned passages.
•
Better Standards Demand Better Questions: Instead of reusing
existing items, PARCC is developing custom items to the Standards.
•
Fidelity to the Standards: PARCC evidence statements are rooted in
the language of the Standards so that expectations remain the
same in both instructional and assessment settings.
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What Are the Shifts at the Heart of
PARCC’s Design (and the Standards)?
1. Complexity: Regular practice with complex text
and its academic language.
2. Evidence: Reading and writing grounded in
evidence from text, literary and informational.
3. Knowledge: Building knowledge through
content rich nonfiction.
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Nine Specific Advances in the PARCC
ELA/Literacy Summative Assessment
Demanded by the Three Common Core
Shifts. . .
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Shift 1: Regular practice with complex
text and its academic language
1. PARCC builds a staircase of text complexity to ensure
students are on track each year for college and career
reading.
2. PARCC rewards careful, close reading rather than racing
through passages.
3. PARCC systematically focuses on the words that matter
most—not obscure vocabulary, but the academic language
that pervades complex texts.
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Shift 2: Reading and writing grounded in
evidence from text, literary and
informational
4. PARCC focuses on students rigorously citing evidence from
texts throughout the assessment.
5. PARCC includes questions with more than one right answer
to allow students to generate a range of rich insights that are
substantiated by evidence from text(s).
6. PARCC requires writing to sources rather than writing to decontextualized expository prompts.
7. PARCC also includes rigorous expectations for narrative
writing, including accuracy and precision in writing in later
grades.
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Shift 3: Building knowledge through
content rich nonfiction
8. PARCC assesses not just ELA but a full range of reading and
writing across the disciplines.
9. PARCC simulates research on the assessment, including the
comparison and synthesis of ideas across a range of
informational sources.
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Advances in the
PARCC
Mathematics
Summative
Assessment
August 2013
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What Are the Shifts at the Heart of
PARCC’s Design?
1. Focus: The PARCC assessment will focus strongly where the
Standards focus.
2. Coherence: Think across grades and link to major topics
within grades.
3. Rigor: In major topics, pursue
conceptual understanding,
procedural skill and fluency,
and application.
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Advances in Assessment Demanded by
the Shifts
Shift #1 – Focus: The PARCC assessments will focus strongly
where the Standards focus
Advance: 70% or more on the major work in grades 3-8.
•Focus allows for a variety of problem types to get at concept in
multiple ways.
•Students will have more time to master concepts at a deeper level.
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Advances in Assessment Demanded by
the Shifts
Shift #2 - Coherence: Think across grades, and link to
major topics within grades
Advance: The assessment design is informed by multigrade progressions in the Standards and the Model
Content Frameworks.
•Key beginnings are stressed (e.g., ratio concepts in grade 6), as are
key endpoints and takeaway skills (e.g., fluency with the
multiplication table in grade 3).
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Advances in Assessment Demanded by
the Shifts
Shift #2 - Coherence: Think across grades, and link to
major topics within grades
Advance: Integrative tasks draw on multiple standards to
ensure students are making important connections.
•The Standards are not treated
as a checklist.
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Advances in assessment demanded by
the shifts
Shift #3 - Rigor: In major topics, pursue conceptual
understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and
application
Advance: PARCC assessments will reach the rigor in the
Standards through innovations in technology and item
design.
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The Partnership for Assessment of
Readiness for College and Careers
Website: www.PARCConline.org
Sample Items: http://www.parcconline.org/samples/item-task-prototypes
Twitter: @PARCCPlace

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