Pythagorean Theorem

Report
Pythagorean Theorem
• MACC.8.G.2.7 - Apply the Pythagorean
Theorem to determine unknown side lengths
in right triangles in real-world and
mathematical problems in two and three
dimensions.
Created by:
Matthew Funke
8th Grade Math Teacher
Central Middle School
West Melbourne, FL
Bell Ringer
Solve for x
Ans: x = ±6
• x2+7=43
• 64+x2=164 Ans: x = ±10
Evaluate for a = 12, b = 5, c = 13
Ans: 169
3. a2 + b2
Ans: 144
4. c2 – b2
Today’s Objective
No need
For notes
On this slide
• We are going to learn more about the
Pythagorean Theorem.
• Today, we are going to learn how to use
the Pythagorean Theorem to solve for a
missing length of a right triangle.
Pythagorean Theorem
No need
For notes
On this slide
• What is the Pythagorean Theorem in
symbol form?
2
a
+
2
b
2
c
=
• Which of these variables represent the
hypotenuse?
c
• Once you have figured out which is C,
does it matter which leg is A and which
is B?
no
Steps to Solve for a missing
Side of a triangle using the
Pythagorean Theorem
TAKE
NOTES
Step 1: Write the formula
Step 2: Substitute known values for the
variables.
Step 3: Solve the equation for the missing
variable.
TAKE
NOTES
Example 1
Find x
8 ft
x
15 ft
• Step 1: Write the formula
a2 + b2 = c2
• Step 2: Substitute known values 82 + 152 = c2
Which number goes where?
You need to identify the hypotenuse. It’s the one opposite
of the right angle.
The hypotenuse is always going to be the c in the formula.
Since we do not know the value of c, it stays as c in the formula.
Does it matter whether we use a = 8 or 15? No.
Let’s use a = 8 and b = 15.
TAKE
NOTES
Example 1
Find x
x
8 ft
15 ft
• Step 1: Write the formula
a2 + b2 = c2
• Step 2: Substitute known values 82 + 152 = c2
• Step 3: Solve for the missing variable, in this case c.
We are not done yet…
We have found c2, but
not just plain c.
We were told to solve for x, not c.
So we should replace the c with an x.
64 + 225 = c2
289 = c2
289 = c2
17 = c
x = 17
You try this one in your notes.
Find x
5 ft
x
12 ft
52 + 122 = x2
25 + 144 = x2
169 = x2
• Answer:
x = 13
TAKE
NOTES
TAKE
NOTES
Example #2
Find x.
Round to the nearest
hundredth.
14 in
x
6 in
• Step 1: Write out the formula
• Step 2: Substitute known values
a2 + b2 = c2
a2 + 62 = 142
Which number goes where?
This time we are given the hypotenuse. So, c = 14
Does it matter whether we use a = 6 or b = 6?
Let’s use b = 6.
No
TAKE
NOTES
Example #2
Find x.
Round to the nearest
hundredth.
14 in
x
6 in
a2 + b2 = c2
a2 + 62 = 142
• Step 1: Write out the formula
• Step 2: Substitute known values
• Step 3: Solve for the missing variable, in this case a.
Can we just add the two numbers and do
the square root?
No, they are not on
the same side of the equals sign.
x = 12.65
a2 + 36 = 196
– 36 – 36
a2 = 160
a2 = 160
a = 12.64911
What is the difference between No need
For notes
On this slide
the 2 examples?
• Both have you squaring the given sides.
• Both have you using the square root at the
end.
• The only difference is in the middle.
– Example 1 has you adding the numbers
– Example 2 has you subtracting the smaller from
the larger.
What does this mean?
• When you have two sides of a right triangle,
you can find the third using the Pythagorean
Theorem.
• Square both of the measurements you have.
• Add or subtract the two numbers depending
on whether or not you have the hypotenuse.
(Subtract if you have it, add if you don’t)
• Find the square root of the result and you
have your missing side!
Try this one in your notes…
x
15
20
Solve for x.
Round your answer to the nearest hundredth if necessary.
Answer: 25
Try this one in your notes…
7
12
x
Solve for x.
Round your answer to the nearest hundredth if necessary.
Answer: 13.89
Try this one in your notes…
5
x
3
Solve for x.
Round your answer to the nearest hundredth if necessary.
Answer: 4
Try this one in your notes…
30
7
x
Solve for x.
Round your answer to the nearest hundredth if necessary.
Answer: 30.81
Try this one in your notes…
b
a
c
If the hypotenuse of this triangle is 10 and a is 6 which
equation would you use to find b?
a) 6 + b = 10
b) 36 + b = 100
c) b2 – 36 = 100
d) 36 + b2 = 100
Answer: D

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