Ser o Estar Esa es la pregunta

Ser o Estar
¿Es esa la pregunta?
Sra. Helen Hovanic
The verb to be
There are various verbs used to
express the English verb to be:
to be
1. ser (to be)
2. estar ( to be)
3. tener (to have)
Depending on what you want to say,
you will have to use one of these verbs.
Here are a few rules to help you
select the right one.
To be = “Ser”
Use a form of the verb ser when you are speaking about the
To tell time
It is 4:00.
Son las cuatro.
To show possession
That car is John’s.
Ese auto es de Juan.
To express nationality and origin
Mary is Spanish; she is from Madrid.
Maria es espaňola; es de Madrid.
With nouns to identify someone or
Mr. Robles is a lawyer.
El Sr. Robles es un abogado.
With adjectives that describe traits or
Gloria is tall and blond.
Gloria es alta y rubia.
To be = “Estar”
Use a form of the verb estar when you are speaking about the
To express location
John and I are in the library.
Juan y yo estamos en la biblioteca.
The books are on the table.
Los libros están en la mesa.
Estar …
To discuss health
How are you?
¿Cómo está Ud.?
Mary is fine but John is sick.
Maria está bien pero Juan está
Estar …
With adjectives that describe a
I am tired and worried.
adjectives of condition
Estoy cansada y preocupada.
Ser vs. Estar
When the verb to be is followed by an
adjective, both “ser” and “estar” can
be used. You will need to decide what
type of adjective is used in order to
select the appropriate verb.
Ser vs. Estar
Use ser with adjectives that describe
physical characteristics and personality
My house is modern.
Mi casa es moderna.
Using Ser and Estar with Foods
Use estar to say how something
tastes, looks or feels.
El postre está rico.
La salsa está picante.
Ser and Estar with Foods
Use ser to say what something is like
or to describe the general nature of
Las uvas son ricas.
La pimienta es picante.
Ser o Estar
One Last Tip:
Remember the following:
Use a form of “estar” whenever you’re
talking about:
Condition/state of being
For everything else you will most likely
use a form of “ser”.
Ser o Estar
El Fin
Gracias por su
Señora Hovanic

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