RL 1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. RL 2 Determine the theme or central idea of a text. RL 3 Analyze how complex characters with conflicting motivations develop, interact with others, and advance the plot or develop the theme. RL 4 Determine the figurative and connotative meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text. RL 5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text and order events within it create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise. RL 9 Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work. RL 10 Read and comprehend dramas. RI 7 Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums. SL 3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric. L 1b Use various types of clauses to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing. I. Vocabulary Vouchsafe: allow Conspiracy: a plot against another person Foe: enemy II. Literary Elements Climax: the turning point of a literary work Climax of the play: is the death of Julius Caesar by the conspirators, especially Brutus! Allusion: a reference in one literary work that refers to another literary work Example: (We’ll fill this in when we read) Imagery: The use of vivid or figurative language Verbal Irony: What is said, is the opposite of what is meant Example: (We’ll fill this in when we read) Puissant: mighty and powerful Firmament: heavens (the sky) Abridged: shortened Grievous: upset Arbor: garden Extenuated: to lessen Bondman: slave Prostrate: lie face down Enfranchise: liberate or free Unassailable: invincible In a play events are often linked together by cause and effect. These causes and effects move the plot forward. Events can have more than one cause and more than one effect. The following graphic lists the events in Act III of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Fill in these following causes and effects as we read together in class. Foreshadowing: At the end of Act III, Brutus says, “I have the same dagger for myself when it shall pleas my country to need my death.” Shakespeare’s Words: It is possible if Shakespeare did not use the words that he did, they may have not survived till this day! The reason the conspirators killed Caesar in the Senate is because the Senate was the only place the conspirators could gather without suspicion. The read Caesar’s will to manipulate the crowd. What does loyalty mean to you? Explain a time when someone was loyal or disloyal. What did you learn from this experience?