What is Engineering?

Report
What is
Engineering?
Dr Sam Man Keong (岑文强)
CEng, FIET, FSIET(F)
Honorary Secretary
Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists
Email: [email protected]
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“Engineering :
The Career Field That
Improves Our Quality of
Life.”
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Marina Bay Sands with Singapore Merlion
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Singapore - View of the CBD skyline, City Hall, and Esplanade
from the SkyPark
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View of Singapore Flyer from the SkyPark
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Highlights
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About the Speaker – Dr Sam Man Keong
Overview of Engineering.
A History of Engineering.
Major Engineering Areas and Specialties.
The Technology Team.
Engineering Education in Singapore.
The Engineering Profession in Singapore.
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Highlights
• What an Engineer does?
• What are Some Engineering Career
Paths?
• Future Projections.
• Q & A.
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About the Speaker :
Sam Man Keong (岑文强)
• A Self-directed Lifelong
Learner for more than 40 years.
• Have gone through both nontraditional & traditional
education routes.
• Chartered Engineer
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(UK/Ireland/Australia)
Chartered Builder(UK)
Chartered Environmentalist
(UK)
Chartered Mathematician(UK)
Chartered Scientist(UK).
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Overview of Engineering
• Most people have no idea what engineers
do.
• Engineers create solutions to human
problems using the principles discovered
by scientists and mathematicians.
• They invent the things that we need, and
they improve things that are not working
well for us.
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What is Engineering?
ASEE : Engineering is the profession in
which a knowledge of the mathematical
and natural sciences gained by study,
experience, and practice is applied
with judgment to develop ways to utilize
the materials and forces of nature,
economically for the benefit of mankind.”
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Ten rewards of an engineer career
• 1. Job satisfaction.
• 2. Variety of career
opportunities.
• 3. Challenging work.
• 4. Intellectual
development.
• 5. Potential to benefit
society.
• 6. Financial security.
• 7. Prestige.
• 8. Professional
environment.
• 9. Technological and
scientific discovery.
• 10. Creative thinking.
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A History of Engineering
• First engineer known
by name and
achievement :
Imhotep – built the
famous stepped
pyramid in Egypt
circa 2550 B.C.
• Egyptians, Persians,
Greeks, and Romans.
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Great Wall of China (万里长城)
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A History of Engineering
• Medieval European
engineers : Gothic
arch and flying
buttress.
• 1747 : first
engineering school in
France – the National
School of Bridges and
Highways.
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A History of Engineering
• John Smeaton (1724 –
1792), British designer of
the Eddystone
Lighthouse, was the first
to actually call himself a
civil engineer.
• Civil  Mechanical 
Electrical and Electronics
 Chemical.
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The Institution of Civil Engineers's headquarters at One
Great George Street , London [Founded in 1818]
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A History of Engineering
• Scientific and technological breakthroughs from
1900 to 2000:
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artificial hearts,
airplanes,
computers,
lasers,
plastics,
space travel,
nuclear energy, and
television.
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Major Engineering Areas and
Specialties
• Six ‘Core’ Areas of Engineering:
– Chemical engineering
– Civil engineering
– Electrical and electronics engineering
– Industrial engineering
– Materials science engineering
– Mechanical engineering
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Hoover Dam (1931-1936)
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Golden Gate Bridge (1933 – 1937)
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Sydney Harbour Bridge from Circular Quay (1923 – 1932)
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Three Gorges Dam(长江三峡大坝) -China
(1994 – 2008)
Three Gorges Dam Francis
turbine. Turbine diameter is 9.7/10.4 m (VGS
design/Alstom's design) and rotation speed is
75 revolutions per minute. Rated power is 778 MVA, with a
maximum of 840 MVA and a power factor of 0.9. The
generator produces electrical power at 20 kV. The outer
diameter of the generator stator is 21.4/20.9 m. The inner
diameter is 18.5/18.8 m.
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Major Engineering Areas and
Specialties
• Specialties:
– Aerospace engineering
– Agricultural engineering
– Automotive engineering
– Biomedical engineering
– Computer engineering
– Environmental engineering
– Manufacturing engineering
– Petroleum engineering
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Control systems play a
critical role in space
flight
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Marina Bay Sands - Construction on 5 August 2009
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Jurong Island, photographed in February 2011 Petrochemical industries
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Singapore –
Changi Airport Terminal 1
A Singapore
Airlines Airbus A380 and a
Northwest Airlines Boeing
747 at the airport
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A C751B train at Eunos MRT Station.
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Singapore Deep Tunnel
Sewerage System Contract T-06 (Queensway
Tunnel) : The Queensway Tunnel
comprises a 9.7km long and 30-45m
deep bored tunnel of 3.3m internal
diameter, including drop shaft, access
shafts, work shafts and other
underground wastewater structures.
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The Technology Team
• They link scientific discovery with day-today applications.
• Engineers are team players who improve
products, processes, and services.
• The ‘technology team’ : scientists,
engineers, technologists/technicians,
and craftsworkers.
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The Technological Team
Scientists
To discover knowledge.
Engineers
(PE; CEng)
Conceiving and planning
efforts to apply scientific
knowledge to solve problems.
To see that engineer’s design
or plan is implemented;
concerned with doing.
Technologists/
Technicians
Craftsworkers
(e.g. electricians,
machinists)
Who use their hands and
special skills
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Engineering Education in
Singapore - Government
Level of Training Universities/Polytechnics/
ITEs
Professional Engineers
[PE/CEng(UK)]
NUS: BEng(4-year FT); BTech (PT for
Poly Dip holders)
NTU : BEng (4-year FT; PT for Poly Dip
holders)
Engineering
Technologists/IEng(UK)
Polytechnics : SP; NP; TP; NYP; RP
[Dip : 3-year FT; AdvDip : 2-year PT]
Engineering Technicians
ITEs : East Campus (Tampines); West
Campus (CCK); Central Campus (AMK)
[Higher Nitec; Nitec]
Tradesmen/Craftsmen
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Engineering Education in Singapore –
Overseas Universities via local PEIs
Level of
Training
OverseasUniversities & local
PEIs
Professional
Engineers
[CPEng(Australia)
]
UniSA: BEng(Mechanical; Electrical) via
Kaplan
UON : BEng (Electrical; Mechanical) via PSB
Academy
RMIT : BEng(Mechanical) via SIC
Incorporated
Engineers (UK)
Bradford : BEng(Electrical; Mechanical) via
MDIS.
Hertfordshire : BEng (Electrical) via BMC
Coventry : BEng(Electrical) via Auston
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The Engineering Profession in
Singapore.
• Professional Bodies:
– Engineers : Institution of Engineers, Singapore
(IES)[Founded : 1966]
– Technologists/Technicians : Singapore Institute of
Engineering Technologists (SIET)[Founded: 1980]
• Professional Registration:
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Professional Engineers Act
Building Control Act
Energy Act
Workplace Health & Safety Act
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What an Engineer does?
• Engineers plan, design, construct, and
manage the use of natural and human
resources.
• Major Functions:
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Research
Development
Design
Construction
Production
Operation
Management
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What are Some Engineering
Career Paths?
• Five primary career paths:
– The Industry Career Path
– The Consulting Career Path
– The Government Career Path
– The Academic Career Path
– The Internet Career Path
• Other Career Paths for Engineers: law;
management; etc
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Future Projections
• The changing economy and world
events impact opportunities in
engineering.
• New and emerging industries will create
competition in a global market.
• The electronics and health-care
industries are examples of growing
industries that are providing new
opportunities for engineers.
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Studying what interests you will most
likely be easier, and therefore, you are
more likely to do better in your course
work.
However, the most important reason for
pursuing what most interests you is that
you will be more likely to be successful
and satisfied with your career choice in
the years to come.
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Questions & Answers
Thank You
The CPD to Success:
C:
Courage 勇气 ; 胆量
P:
Patience 忍耐 ; 耐性 ; Perseverance 毅力 ; 恒心
D:
Determination 决心 ; 意志
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