McCulloch v. Maryland

McCulloch v. Maryland
Text from Document
• “There is nothing in the Constitution of the
United States similar to the Articles of
Confederation, which exclude incidental or
implied powers.”
Main Idea
• Maryland attempted to destroy a branch of
the Bank of the U.S by imposing a tax on its
• John Marshall declared bank constitutional by
invoking the Hamiltonian doctrine of implied
• Strengthened federal authority
• Affirmed “that the power to tax involves the
power to destroy” and “that a power to create
implies a power to preserve.”
• Supported “loose construction” of
Point of View of Bias
• John Marshall was famous for a group of his
decisions involving strengthening the power of
the federal government at the expense of the

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