Fundamentals of Process Plant Piping Design

Report
Fundamentals of
PROCESS PLANT PIPING DESIGN
ALIREZA NIAKANI
Chemical Eng., Piping Instructor
August 2013
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… JOB … JOB … JOB …
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
JOB SEARCH
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
CANADIAN LABOUR MARKET
Table 1 Occupations Currently Showing or Expected to Show Shortages for Professionals
Expected to face
Currently showing signs of
Occupational group
Occupations
shortage pressures over
shortages
the next 10 years
Natural and applied
All Engineers
Yes
Yes
sciences
Mechanical engineers
Yes
Yes
Oil and gas well drillers,
servicers, testers and
Yes
Yes
related workers
Supervisors, processing
occupations (such as in
Occupations specific to
petroleum, gas and
processing, manufacturing chemical processing and
Yes
Yes
and utilities
utilities, and plastic and
rubber products
manufacturing)
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Source: HRSDC, Strategic Policy Research Directorate, Looking-Ahead:
A 10-Year Outlook for the Canadian Labour Market (2006-2015), October
2006.
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
JOB OPPORTUNITY
Table 2
NOC Codes
2146 Aerospace Engineers
2251 Architectural Technologists and Technicians
2231 Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians
2243 Industrial Instrument Technicians and Mechanics
2134 Chemical Engineers
2283 Systems Testing Technicians
2234 Construction Estimators
2151 Architects
2232 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and
Technicians
2253 Drafting Technologists and Technicians
2141 Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers
2211 Applied Chemical Technologists and Technicians
2131 Civil Engineers
2132 Mechanical Engineers
2006
2,110
2,870
3,450
3,505
3,600
4,185
4,945
5,095
Prospect
Average
Good
Average
Average
Average
Good
Average
Average
5,830
Average
9,150
9,420
10,085
14,995
17,515
Average
Average
Average
Good
Average
Source: HRSDC, Strategic Policy Research Directorate, Looking-Ahead:
A 10-Year Outlook for the Canadian Labour Market (2006-2015), October 2006.
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
WHY CAN’T I GET MY DREAM JOB?
Where can I find that?
How can I reach that?
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
BEST JOB OPPORTUNITY
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
BEST TARGET INDUSTRIES
Process Plant:
Oil, Refinery, Chemical, Petrochemical, Gas...
Power Plants:
Coal-Fired, Gas-Fired, Nuclear, Wind, ...
Mineral Mining:
Copper, Zinc, …
Environmental:
Wastewater, Waste Incineration, …
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PROCESS PLANT
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
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PROCESS PLANT CHARACTERISTICS
Hazards and safety
Substances and toxicity
Environmental impact
Design and operation temperature
Design and operation pressure
Special equipment, technology and piping material
Design standards
Safety standards
Terminology
Construction, Operation, Maintenance
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PROCESS PLANT GROUP WORK
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Process and Utilities
Mechanical (Fixed, Rotary, Packages)
Piping and Layout Design
Electrical Equipment
Instrumentation and Control System
Structure
Civil and Underground
Architecture
Safety and Fire Fighting
HVAC and Plumbing
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
TYPICAL PROJECT PHASES
Development
Maintenance
Operation
Commissioning
Construction
Procurement
Engineering
Feasibility/
Conceptual
Design
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
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FEED
EPC
PIE PIPING ROLE ON EPC PROJECTS
Total EPC Project …
• Activities
• Man-hours
Piping Tasks
25 – 35%
Other Engineering
Tasks
65 – 75%
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
Fundamentals of
PROCESS PLANT PIPING DESIGN
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
SOME OF THE PIPING EMPLOYERS in
ONTARIO
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
EMPLOYERS’ EXPECTATIONS IN PIPING
of all piping activities
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Plant design
and layout
15 - 20%
Stress analysis
and support
Piping calculation
15 - 20%
and material
of all piping activities
selection
60 - 70%
of all piping activities
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PIPING CORE RESPONSIBILITIES
• Preparation of piping material specification (PMS)
• Preparation of material requisition for piping
materials, paint, insulation, etc.
• Preparation of specifications related to design and
supplying / manufacturing
• Handling of design activities including preliminary
routing study, 3D modeling, piping plan, isometrics
• Preparation of plot plan and layout
• Stress analysis and supporting
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PIPING KNOWLEDGE and SKILL
REQUIREMENTS
Piping Calculation and Material Selection
• Knowledge of what a particular plant is designed for
• Knowledge of plant process
• Knowledge of the principle roles of other design and
engineering groups
• Knowledge of piping materials, piping codes and standards
• Knowledge of corrosion characteristics of piping materials
• Knowledge of welding processes necessary for fabrication of
piping systems
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PIPING KNOWLEDGE and SKILL
REQUIREMENTS
Plant Design and Layout
• Knowledge of what a particular plant is designed for
• General understanding of how process equipment is
maintained and operated
• Ability to generate a safe and comprehensive layout
• Knowledge of piping materials and instrumentation
• Knowledge of piping codes and standards
• Knowledge of flexibility and support basics
• Knowledge of the principle roles of other design and
engineering group
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PIPING KNOWLEDGE and SKILL
REQUIREMENTS
Stress Analysis and Support
• Knowledge of standard specification and drawings for
supports
• Knowledge of stress analysis
• Creating a critical line list
• Checking the flexibility level of piping systems
• Assembling a support material requisition with all additional
documents
• Nozzle load calculation
• Structural load calculation
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
VALUE AND SUCCESS
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
PIPING COURSE ROADMAP
Piping material
and standards
PROCESS PLANT
Plant design
and piping layout
PIPING DESIGN
Piping supports
and piping stress
Piping documents
and drawings
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17-Jul-15
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
ABOUT COURSE
• The process plant piping design course is a highly practical
and interactive intensive course. You will learn the
fundamentals of piping system components, specification,
types and application of these components.
• You will also learn and discuss the fundamentals of plant
layout, the equipment used, design principles and
procedures used in the design and engineering of complex
process plants.
• Practical examples from actual projects will be used
extensively during the course and you will be familiar to
piping designer roles and responsibilities through the project
phases from design to construction.
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
COURSE OBJECTIVES
Upon successful completion of this course, a student will
• Be familiar with all the components of a process plant.
• Understand the features, the functions of each of these
components and how they work together.
• Be able to design a safe, implementable, constructible,
maintainable and cost-effective piping system as a
productive and effective team member.
• Be able to get a position as a knowledgeable and
competitive piping designer/technologist.
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
YOU WILL LEARN
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EPC Project phases and piping
Piping designer/engineer roles and responsibilities
Applicable piping codes, standards and specifications
Process plant and equipment used in process plant
Terminology and symbols used in piping
Pipe, piping components and valves
Plant layout fundamentals and procedures
Pipe routing around equipment
Piping support selection
Piping deliverable documents and drawings
Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
WHO SHOULD ATTEND
• Personnel from EPC (Engineering, Procurement and
Construction) companies
• Chemical (Process), Mechanical Engineers and Technicians
• Piping Designers and Piping Engineers and Technicians
• Project Engineers
• Personnel providing CAD support for Plant Layout and Piping
Design
• Equipment , Structural, Instrumentation and Control,
Electrical Designers, Engineers and Technicians
• Consulting Engineers
• Plant Maintenance Personnel
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013
See You In
Process Plant Piping Design Course
Have A Question?
Contact Us now and Let Us Help You
Metro College of Technology
203 College Street
Toronto , Ontario , M5T 1P9
(416) 585-9880
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Alireza Niakani, Piping Instructor, August 2013

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