Server-Side Development Pt.1 - Department of Computer Science

Report
CSCI 3100 Tutorial 3
JavaScript & Node.js
Presented by SU Yuxin
Department of Computer Science and Engineering
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
1
Outline
•
•
•
•
•
Introduction to JavaScript
JavaScript Basic
Advanced Features of JavaScript
Introduction to Node.js
A Secret…
2
Do you know JavaScript?
Java
JavaScript
3
What is JavaScript
Script
Language
• Shell
• C#
Dynamic
Type
• Python
• Java
Objectedoriented
• C++
•C
Unique Feature:
4
Where to use JavaScript
• The whole picture:
browser
modify/create/delete
data transmit
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
HTML5
Server Side
• PHP
• Rails on Ruby
• JavaScript ???
5
JavaScript Basic
•
•
•
•
•
Output
Variable & Arithmetic
Object & Array
Function
IF & Loop statement
6
JavaScript Basic
Output
• No printf()!
• Use console.log() / alert() instead.
7
JavaScript Basic
Variable & Arithmetic
Number can be integer or floating point
String can be in single or double quotes
If there is no initial value, the value is undefined
String concatenation
Integer Arithmetic
8
JavaScript Basic
Object
You can use any
property without
declaration.
You can also treat
function as a property
of the object, and
assign it like this.
9
JavaScript Basic
Array
Create an array
Initialization
Access an array
Use it as a dictionary
Multi-type
Build-in functions and
properties
10
JavaScript Basic
Function
Declaration
Argument & Return value
11
JavaScript Basic
IF & Loop statement
FOR Loop
IF statement
WHILE Loop
Note: Anything defined will be treat as true. Undefined will be treat as false.
12
ADVANCED FEATURES
13
Regular Expression
• First-class citizen in JavaScript
• Create:
var pattern = /g$/; Any expression ended with letter ‘g’
var pattern = new RegExp(“g$");
• Use:
"Software Engineering".search(pattern);
text.replace(/javascript/gi, "JavaScript");
"1 plus 2 equals 3".match(/\d+/g);
"123,456,789".split(",");
14
Prototype
• function Range(from, to) {
It looks like the definition
this.from = from;
this.to = to;
of class!
}
Range.prototype = {
includes: function(x) { return this.from <= x && x <= this.to; },
foreach: function(f) {
for(var x = Math.ceil(this.from); x <= this.to; x++) f(x);
},
toString: function() { return "(" + this.from + "..." + this.to + ")"; }
};
// Here are example uses of a range object
var r = new Range(1,3); // Create a range object
r.includes(2); // => true: 2 is in the range
r.foreach(console.log); // Prints 1 2 3
console.log(r); // Prints (1...3)
15
Callback Function
•
function main(callback)
{
alert("I am main function");
alert("Invoke callback function..");
callback();
}
function b(){
alert("I am callback function: b");
}
function c(){
alert("I am callback function: c");
}
• Function is passed as a
parameter
• User-defined behavior
at the end of a function
or “event”.
function test() {
main(b);
main(c);
}
16
Advanced Array Methods
var data = [1,2,3,4,5];
//compute the sum of the array
elements
var sum = 0;
data.forEach(function(value) {
sum += value;
});
console.log("The sum is " +
sum.toString());
• Other similar functions:
–
–
–
–
map()
filter()
every()
some()
//Increase Each element by 1
data.forEach(function(v, i, a) {
a[i] = v + 1;
});
17
Asynchronous
// Synchronously read a file. Pass an encoding to
get text instead of bytes.
var text = fs.readFileSync("config.json", "utf8");
// Asynchronously read a binary file. Pass a
function to get the data
fs.readFile("image.png", function(err, buffer) {
if (err) throw err; // If anything went wrong
process(buffer); // File contents are in buffer
});
18
INTRODUCTION TO NODE.JS
19
Where to run my code?
20
Where to run my code?(con’d)
• Chrome:
• Node:
• $ node test.js
21
IDE: Jetbrains WebStorm
http://www.jetbrains.com/webstorm/
You can register a student account
with your cuhk.edu.hk email
22
What the Node.js is designed for?
23
Installation and HTTP setup
• Install Node.js from http://nodejs.org/download/
• Use it to create a HTTP server:
– 1. In cmd of Windows, type: npm install http-server –g
• If you have a HTTP proxy, type this first:
• npm config set proxy http://proxy.company.com:port
– 2. Start HTTP server: http-server /path
• The path is the folder you want to share in web
• Your folder must have some files before it works, i.e. index.html
(put ‘it works’ in it)
– 3. Open http://localhost:8080/ in your browser
24
Modules
https://www.npmjs.com/
25
Event-based Design
var events = require("events");
var emitter = new events.EventEmitter();
var username = "colin";
var password = "password";
// an event listener
emitter.on("userAdded", function(username, password)
{
console.log("Added user " + username);
});
// add the user
// then emit an event
emitter.emit("userAdded", username, password);
26
More details will coming at further
tutorial
27
Finally, the secret is…
• If you think JavaScript is powerful…
• But,
– Too difficult to learn?
– Too complex to write?
– Too ugly to read?
Reference: Google it!
28

similar documents