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Report
Living and working in Sweden
Clary Viderström
EURES Adviser
Working in Västervik – Living in Vimmerby
[email protected]
What is EURES?
• EURopean Employment Services
• A network of Public Employment Services and partners in the
EU/EEA and Switzerland,
• Objective: working to increase and facilitate international
mobility. EURES provides service to jobseekers and employers.
• More than 750 EURES advisers in Europe, 40 in Sweden.
• http://eures.europa.eu
Facts about Sweden
• Sweden is the third largest country in EU 25 and has
96 000 km coastline.
• 9.3 million inhabitants, 85% live in the southern parts.
• Sweden has been a member of EU since 1995.
• Currency: Swedish Crown (SEK) 10.15 SEK = 1 € (Aug 2009)
www.sweden.se
Kiruna
Kiruna
21 counties
20 inhabitants / km2
Umeå
1574 km
Stockholm
Göteborg
Malmö
Ystad
290 municipalities
Right to work in Sweden
Citizens
Residence Residence
right
card
Nordic
-
EU/EEA*
X
Family
members
Residence
permit
Work
permit
-
-
-
X
(X)
Swiss
X
Non-EU, longterm resident
X
Non-EU
* workers, self-employed, students, ”sufficient funds”
X
Language skills
• In Sweden we speak Swedish
• The Scandinavian languages are similar
– Swedish, Norwegian and Danish
• English skills are important in many professions
• Language skills in labour shortages and surpluses
Labour Market Statistics
August 2009
• 73,7 % of men and 67,9 % of women aged 15-74 are in
employment. Good child care facilities make this possible.
• Unemployment rate 6,4 %
• Unemployment rate among youngsters 11,1 %
Labour market shortages
and surpluses
• Shortages: Specialists in health care, Pre-school teachers,
Teachers in vocational subjects, Chefs, Dentists, Crane
operators, Accountants, Engineers in building and construction,
IT-specialists, qualified metal workers (heating and ventilation).
• Surpluses: Motor Vehicle operators, Operators (metal, rubber,
plastic), Machine operators, Journalists, Office clerks,
Telephone operators/receptionists, Biologists, Photographers,
Gardeners
Working in Sweden
• Temporary or Permanent contracts
• 6 months probationary employment
• Full time, 40 hours per week
• 25 days vacation per year (right to take 4 consecutive weeks
holiday in the summer)
• Average wage: SEK 27,500 (men) SEK 22,800 (women)
• No national minimum wage. Collective agreements in
most occupations ensure fair wages.
Find a job
• Public Employment Services
Platsbanken and
Söka jobb / Länkar
www.arbetsformedlingen.se
• EURES
www.eures.europa.eu
• Swedish newspapers
www.onlinenewspapers.com/sweden.htm
• Adecco
• Lernia
• Manpower
• Proffice
• Company websites
www.adecco.se
www.lernia.se
www.manpower.se
www.proffice.se
Other ways to a job
Open application
www.gulasidorna.se
www.foretagsfakta.se
CV database
• www.arbetsformedlingen.se (Swedish)
• www.eures.europa.eu
Apply for a job in Sweden
• E-mail is frequently used and accepted.
• Applications should be typewritten in Swedish or English.
• Generally you do not enclose a photo.
• An application consists of:
- personal letter (no more than 1 page, often less)
- your CV (1-2 pages)
- References (can also be given at the interview)
• You may be asked to present evidence of professional
qualifications and diplomas later on.
• Recognition of foreign diplomas
Public Employment Services
When you are a resident in Sweden
Service through:
- Internet www.arbetsformedlingen.se (24 hour service)
- by telephone via Customer Service Centres (7 day service)
+46 (0) 771-416 416
- The Public Employment Office – “Arbetsförmedlingen” (over
300 offices)
Taxes
• Council Tax between 26-34 %, average 31 %.
• State Tax
+ 20% of the income over 367 600 SEK
+ 25% of the income over 526 200 SEK
(per annum)
Example:
20 000 SEK  net income of 15 471 SEK
30 000 SEK  net income of 22 458 SEK
(per month)
Tax deductions includes social insurance and pension fees,
but not unemployment benefits.
www.skatteverket.se
Unemployment benefits
•
Are not a part of the Social Benefits scheme.
•
Consist of two parts:
1. Basic insurance (Alfakassan): For all workers after a
qualifying period: No membership requirement, max
320 SEK/day
2. Voluntary insurance: For members of an
Unemployment Insurance Fund. After the qualification
period, 80% of earlier income, max 680 SEK/day
•
300 days, 5 days per week. Tax will be deducted.
www.iaf.se
Health care and sickness benefits
Patient fee
100 – 300 SEK
Children (< age 12)
free
Hospital fee (> age 20)
max. 80 SEK/day
Medicine (prescriptions)
max. 1 800 SEK/year
Sick pay/sickness benefit
80 % of the income*
First day = no pay
Family benefits
Parental benefit:
390 days with 80 % of income (max. 910 SEK/day)
+ 90 days with 180 SEK/day to be shared equally between
both parents (apart from 60 days)
+ 10 days to the father of new-born baby
Temporary parental benefit:
60 days per child and year
Child allowance and child care
•
•
•
•
1 child
2 children
3 children
4 children
1 050 SEK/month
2 200 SEK/month
3 604 SEK/month
5 514 SEK/month
Municipalities are obliged to provide childcare
to children aged 1 -12 years.
“Maxtaxa”
Educational
system
Universities and
university colleges
Advanced vocational
education (KY)
Age 18-
Age 18-
Upper secondary
school
Age 16-20, 3 years
Compulsory school
Age 7-16, 9 years
www.skolverket.se
Pre-school
Pre-school class
Age 1-5, volontary
Age 6, 1 year
Accommodation
•
Rent an apartment or house
1 bedroom apartment, average rent 4,595 SEK/month,
68 m2
•
“Buy” an apartment
•
Buy a house
Accommodation costs vary greatly
A typical Swedish work place
• “Flat” organisations
• Team work
• You must be able to take initiatives and adapt to new
situations.
• ”Du” – first name basis – informality!
• Gender equality
• Strong Trade unions
Sweden and Swedes
•
Fresh air, clean water, untouched wilderness, open
space – “Right of Public Access”
•
Personnummer! 650604-6435
•
“Fikapaus”
•
Shoes off indoors
•
“Systembolaget”
Sweden and Swedes
• Tend to avoid conflicts…
• Sweden “closes” for the summer
• Between April – September Swedes become sun
worshippers
• Internet – VERY important in the Swedish society
SWEDEN
Thank you for your attention!
Clary Viderström
[email protected]
Brochure: Do you want to work in Sweden?
www.arbetsformedlingen.se under Other languages

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