CHAPTER 2: ENGINEERING AS A PROFESSION

Report
TOPIC
TOPIC OUTCOME
1
Roles of IEM and BEM
Explain the roles of IEM and BEM
2
Definition of profession and
professional engineers
3
Characteristics of professional
engineers
Explain the professionalism in
Engineering
Describe the characteristics of
professional engineers
4
Future challenges for the
engineering profession
1.1 BOARD OF ENGINEERS (BEM)
[Act A1158] ‘Establishment of Board of Engineers’
Section 3
1.
For the purposes of this Act there is
hereby established a board to be called
“Board of Engineers” which shall be a
body corporate with perpetual
succession and a common seal and
which may sue and be sued.
(2)
The Board shall consist of the following members who shall
be Malaysian citizens and who are appointed by the
Minister:
a.
b.
c.
d.
a President who shall be a Professional
Engineer;
not more than fourteen members who shall be
Professional Engineers, five of whom shall be from a
nomination list submitted by the Council of the
Institution of Engineers (Malaysia);
one member on the nomination of the Board of
Architects from among members of that Board
established under the Architects Act 1967; and
one member on the nomination of the Board of Quantity
Surveyors from among members of that Board
established under the Quantity Surveyors Act 1967.
(3) The members of the Board referred to in
paragraph 2(b) shall consist of the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
not more than five Professional Engineers who are
in the public service of the Federation;
not more than two Professional Engineers who are
in the service of any local authority or statutory
authority;
not more than five Professional Engineers who are
employees, sole proprietors, partners or directors
of an engineering consultancy practice; and
not more than two Professional Engineers who are
employees of any person or body of persons, not
being in the public service of the Federation or in
the service of any local authority or statutory
authority.
Section 4 (1) The functions of the Board
shall bea.
b.
c.
d.
To keep and maintain the Register;
To approve or reject applications for registration
under this Act or to approve any such application
subject to such conditions or restrictions as it may
deem fit to impose;
To order the issuance of a written warning or
reprimand, the imposition of a fine, suspension,
cancellation, removal or reinstatement in
accordance with Parts III and IV;
To fix from time to time with the approval of the
Minister the scale of fees to be charged by
registered Engineers and Engineering consultancy
practices for professional engineering services
rendered;
e.
To hear and determine disputes relating to
professional conduct or ethics of registered
Engineers or to appoint a committee or
arbitrator or arbitrators to hear and determine
such disputes;
i.
ii.
to act as a stakeholder in a contract for
professional engineering services, when
requested;
to employ any person, as it deems necessary,
to assist the Board in carrying out its functions,
powers and duties subject to such terms and
conditions as it may determine;
iii.
to provide facilities for the promotion of learning
and education and to hold or cause to be held
professional development programmes, including
continuing professional development programmes, for
registered engineers to further enhance their
knowledge in the latest developments relating to that
profession;
iv.
to appoint a committee consisting of persons to be
determined by the Board, to conduct examinations or
to cause examinations to be conducted by an
institution recognized by the Board for the purpose of
admission to the profession;
v. to appoint any person to represent the Board in any
committee, panel or institution, where that person would
subsequently make recommendations to the Board on all
matters regarding the qualifying for admission to the
profession;
vi. to appoint a body consisting of members from the Board,
Professional Engineers, and other persons as may be
determined by the Board to advise the Government and
the public on matters relating to engineering education,
including the certification of such programmes;
vii. To determine and regulate the conduct and ethics of
the engineering profession; and
viii. Generally, to do all such acts, matters and things as are
necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA
BANGUNAN INGENIEUR,
LOTS 60 & 62, JALAN 52/4,
P.O. BOX 223 (JALAN SULTAN)
46720 PETALING JAYA,
MALAYSIA
603-7684001/2
603-7577678
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The story of the Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) begins with
the nation's independence. The Institution, born exactly 20 months
after Merdeka - on May 1, 1959 - has had a marked influence on
the engineering profession in the country.
Back in 1951, the Building By-laws stated that only those who were
registered under the Architect’s Ordinance 1951, could submit plans
to the Local Authorities, but engineers are not allowed to submit
building plan. They are only allowed if they registered under Part II
of the Architect’s Ordinance, but this created unsatisfactory feeling.
There was a strong need for an Institution to cater the interest of
engineers.
From 1951-59, the activities of engineers were organised under the
joint group of ICE\I Mech E\IEE.The Institution of Engineers was
formed in1959 with the objective of advancing the engineering
profession.In order to unite all engineers in the country, the
Institution has been working towards the registration of engineers
since its establishment. In 1967, the Engineer’s Act was passed with
the provision that to register as a Professional Engineer, one must
first be a Corporate Member of the Institution.
History of the Institution
At first, to be granted admission to Corporate Membership, one needs only
to have five years working experience as an Engineer regardless of what
capacity. Later, the Constitution was amended and Professional Interview was
introduced. This was to ensure that only engineers having the relevant
experience would be admitted to Corporate Membership and could register
as a Professional Engineer.
It has grown and matured with the nation and its people. It started out with
only 60 members. Over the past two and a half decades, its membership has
increased more than a hundred-fold to almost 15,000 today, making it one
of the largest professional bodies in Malaysia.
The close rapport between the IEM and the government has been
strengthened over the years. The tangible result of the Government's
recognition of IEM was when it accepted qualification for certain posts in the
civil service.Besides gaining Government backing, IEM also received its first
international recognition when it was admitted into the Commonwealth
Engineering Council in 1962.
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No history is complete without the people making it.
Similarly, IEM has had numerous dedicated and selfless
leaders and members who made many sacrifices to nurture
and build up the Institution to what it is today - a proud
symbol of all engineers in Malaysia.In its 40 years of
existence, IEM has had the services of 23 Presidents. They
represent various engineering disciplines.
The founder President was Ir. Tan Sri Yusoff Haji Ibrahim who
served a four-year term. He was succeeded by another able
leader, Ir. Raja Tan Sri Zainal bin Raja Suleiman, who was then
the General Manager of LLN. (now known as TNB). Twentyone other Presidents came after him and each in his own way
left an indelible mark on the IEM and shaped its destiny.
The objectives and purposes of which the Institution is constituted
are to promote and advance the theory and practice of engineering
in all its disciplines and to:


raise the character and status and advance the interests of the
profession;
increase the confidence of the community in the employment of
recognised engineers by admitting to the Institution only such
persons who have adequate knowledge of both the theory and
practice of engineering.

promote honest practice, prevent malpractice and settle disputed
points of practice and ethics;

collect and disseminate engineering information;

arrange lectures, exhibitions and conferences, seminars, courses;

encourage the study of engineering and improve the general and
technical knowledge of persons engaged in the profession;

originate and promote improvements in legislation and
administration by deputation, submissions and representations.
its
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Over the years, IEM has gained recognition not only locally
but also internationally.
IEM is an active member of several International Engineering
Organisations. They include the World Federation of
Engineering Organisations (WFEO), Commonwealth Engineers
Council (CEC), Federation of Engineering Institutions of
Southeast Asia and the Pacific (FEISEAP), Association of
Engineering Education of Southeast Asia (AEESEA), Asean
Federation of Engineering Organisations (AFEO).
The Institution is also represented on various local
committees and organisations like Balai Iktisas Malaysia (BIM),
Standards & Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM),
World Energy Organisation (WEO) and many others.
In today's specialised technologically based society there is a great
dependence on the sound judgment and integrity of the professional
engineer. The further development of civilisation, the conservation and
management of natural resources, and the improvement of the standards of
living of mankind are greatly affected by the work of the engineer. For that
work to be fully effective it is necessary not only that engineers strive
constantly to widen their knowledge and improve their skill but also that the
community be willing to recognise the integrity and trust the judgment of
members of the profession of engineering. For this to happen the profession
must be recognised in the community for:

its skill in using technical expertise for the enhancement of human welfare;

its loyalty to the community, to employers and clients;

its honesty and impartiality in professional practice.
Because of the importance on these matters the Institution has a Code of
Ethics. The preamble to the Code states:
... members are required to order their
conduct in accordance with the
principle that, in any conflict between a member's personal interest and fair
and honest dealing with other members of the Community, his duty to the
Community must prevail.
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The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM), primary role is to cover all major
disciplines of engineering practiced in Malaysia. It is governed by Constitution
and by-laws which include the regulation of professional conduct.It is being
managed by a Council which consists of elected members. The Council will
delegate the day to day management of the Institution to an Executive Committee
which oversees six standing committees on finance, admissions, examination &
qualification, publication, activities and professional practice.
The principal duties of the Standing Committee on Professional Practice are as
follows:-
a)
To review, co-ordinate and formulate policies on all aspect of professional
practice among members of the Institution including the conduct, ethics,
discipline and good technical practice.
b)
To liaise with other professional bodies, public and statutory authorities
c)
To examine and report to the Executive Committee on any complaint made
against a member of the Institution.
BOARD OF ENGINEERS MALAYSIA CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
Under the Section 15 of the Engineers’ Act 1967, the Board may order the
cancellation of the registration of any engineer, if:
1.
He is guilty of fraud, dishonesty or moral turpitude;
2.
The accepts of illicit commission;
3.
Failed to disclose to his/her client any vested financial interest in dealings
with the client.
There are other grounds for de-registration but these are not related to
ethics.
ASSOCIATION OF CONSULTING ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA (ACEM)
The ACEM is a non-profit limited company, incorporated under the
Companies’ Act in 1963. The affairs of the ACEM are governed by their
memorandum and articles of association. The main objective of ACEM is to
promote the interests of all Consulting Engineers and Consulting
Engineering as a profession. The philosophy of ACEM is that the members
should uphold high principles and established themselves as an elite group
of unbiased professional engineers who can be trusted to give independent
and unbiased professional advice which is completely unfettered by the
possibility of conflicts of interest arising due to a Consulting Engineer’s
excessive involvement in business or other commercial ventures, especially
with his/her nature of work.
The three major Professional Engineering bodies to which engineers
may be affiliated are:
1.
2.
3.
The Board of Engineers (BEM), which is a statutory body governed
by the Engineer’s Act 1967 and with which an Engineer must
registered before he/she can be employed or practise as an
Engineer.
The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM). which is a learned
society registered under the Society’s Act. Membership is voluntary
but the professional standards set by IEM for membership are
accepted by BEM as qualifications for registration as a Professional
Engineer (PE). Most PE are IEM members.
The Association of Consulting Engineers, Malaysia (ACEM), is a
non-profit organisation comprising of Consulting Engineers. Its
objective is to promote the interest of Consulting Engineering as a
profession.
All the three bodies have their own Code of Ethics designed too suit
their specific requirement according to the objectives of each body
constituted.
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BEM Code of Professional Conduct are amenable and have clear interpretation because
of its legal connotations and would be enforceable in law. Issues of morality and
philosophy would be ineffective in law since it is impossible to legislate moral or
philosophical principles.Therefore, the BEM code can distinguished between legal and
illegal cases. BEM lays down minimum baseline rules which are enforceable in law and
must be observed by all engineers registered under the Engineer’s Act.
The IEM Regulations on Professional Conduct tend to be general because IEM members
comprise of various engineering disciplines, as well as types of professional employment
and businesses. IEM Code embraces many areas involving moral and philosophical
considerations including public safety & health, conservation of resources &
environment, upgrading of technology, engineers responsibility and the conduct of
affairs between Engineer and employees, clients and peers. There is a provision in the
IEM by-laws that disciplinary cases are referred to BEM for appropriate action.
The ACEM Code is designed to order conduct of Consulting Engineers in areas like
advertising and promotion of works, fees and other remuneration, competition with
other members, submission of bids or proposals and related subject. ACEM members
are bound to observe the Codes of both BEM and IEM (if they are also IEM members) and
details rules to govern the conduct of Consulting Engineer’s business. The ACEM Code is
designed to maintain strict discipline amongst their members to ensure that they
maintain their independent professional status without excessive commercial
involvement which may give rise to conflict of interest.
PURPOSE OF PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW (P.I)

a)
The Professional Interview (P.I) is conducted by interviewers on
behalf of the IEM Council. It is intended to test the candidate’s:
Grasp of engineering principles application in solving problems that
arise from investigation, planning, design or construction of
engineering works or research
b)
Capability to accept professional responsibility
c)
Ability to communicate

The Professional Interview Eligibility

The objective of the P.I., is to ensure that a candidate wishing
to be elected as a Corporate Member has a minimum period of
engineering experience. Under the Engineer’s Act 1972, stipulated
that the candidate must:
1.
Be a registered graduate engineer with BEM
2.
Have completed 2 years of service with the government sector i.e.
DID or JKR (only applicable to Civil Engineers)
3.
Undergo a training stint either through the IEM Log Book Scheme
for a period of 3 years or independently under P.E supervision
preferably in the same discipline for a period of 4 years.
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A P.I candidate must submit documents showing evidence of his/her engineering
experience. It can be in form of drawings with calculation attached. The candidate
must also submit a report in chronological order describing the work he has
undertaken since graduation. The report must indicate clearly the engineering
problems encountered by the candidate and his/her solution to overcome this
situation. The candidate needs to have an understanding of cost, quantities &
magnitude, knowledge of technical standards and code of practices and the
various restrictions on their applications in solving the problem encountered.
The purpose of ORAL interview is to clarify certain points stated in the report and
to ascertain whether the candidate did carry out the job. The engineering
experience gained should include planning-design, investigation-field, workconstruction, supervision & management and general engineering related
activities.
After the oral session, the candidate is required to write two essays. The reason is
to allow the candidate a chance to clarify certain points that were not properly
expressed during the interview.The second essay is on the code of ethics.
During the interview, the candidate is assessed whether he/she is
worthy enough to be accepted as a corporate member of the
Institution. The candidate should be:
1.
Technically competent
2.
Able to conceptualise
3.
Able to plan and modify when situation changes whilst still
maintaining the goal of the plan
4.
Competent in design – assemble facts, arranging them, analysing
and judging before drawing a conclusion
5.
Cost conscious and able to make cost comparisons
6.
7.
Able to communicate – write, sketch, speak and respond. Able to
develop management skills especially in human relations, decision
making, to lead and be a team advisor or coordinator
Able to advocate and to champion the conclusions reached by
his/her professional competence and to show by examples that
ethics and high integrity are fundamental in professional service.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
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The electrical engineer is concerned with the generation, transmission and
utilisation of electrical energy; with industrial control and industrial
electronics; and with application electronics to such diverse fields as
communications, computers, instrumentation, medicine and automatic
control.
Because of the diversity of electrical engineering, opportunities are available
in virtually every phase of industrial activity and government service.
Electrical engineers are in demand in manufacturing, mining, transportation,
construction, utilities, communications,oil exploration and product
development. For those with an interest in computer hardware or software,
the
increasing
use
of
minicomputers
and
microprocessors
in
instrumentation, medical and diagnostic services, signal processing and
industrial process control has lead to challenging opportunities. After
extensive experience in any of these fields, an electrical engineer may offer
his services as a consultant.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Mechanical engineers are not limited in their employment to only
one or two industrial sectors, and job openings for mechanical
engineers comprise an unending range of opportunities. The
education of a mechanical engineer covers a broad range of topics
including the mechanics of materials, machine dynamics,
thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, automatic control and computeraided design. In addition to the traditional role of mechanical
engineers in the development of machinery, the graduates are
increasingly taking a role in the development of robots for advanced
manufacturing systems, in automation of industrial processes, in
naval architecture and in bioengineering.
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Technical Divisions
In order to implement the learned society function of the Institution
more effectively, the following Technical Divisions have been established
within the structure of the Institution:
• Agriculture and Food Engineering
 Building Services
 Chemical Engineering
 Civil and Structural Engineering
 Electrical Engineering
 Engineering Education
 Environmental Engineering
 Geotechnical Engineering
 Graduate & Student Section
 Highway and Transportation Engineering
 Information Technology Special Interest Group
 Mechanical Engineering
Oil and Gas
Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Tunneling and Underground Space
Water Resources Engineering
There is also a Graduate & Student Section. Each Division/Section is
run by a Division/Section Committee and is responsible for
conducting its affairs within general policies laid down by the Council.
Divisions/Sections are serviced through the National Headquarters of
the Institution.
There are six grades of members, viz. Honorary Fellows, Fellows, Members,
Graduates, Students and Affiliates, of which the first three are corporate grades,
i.e. they have been recognised by the Institution as qualified and experienced
professional engineers. The Honorary Fellows are also awarded to non-engineers,
who are prominent and have contributed to the development of engineering and
sciences. Y.B. Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamed is one such Hon. F.l.E.M). The
requirements for these grades are:
Honorary fellow: Honorary Fellow shall be a distinguished person of
acknowledged eminence whom the Institution desires to honour for services
rendered to the engineering profession. Honorary Fellowship shall only be
conferred by the Council.
Fellow: There shall be no direct admission to this grade. Admission shall
only be by transfer from the grade of Member. To be eligible for transfer to
the grade of Fellow, a Member shall have satisfied the Council that he is
worthy of transfer to this grade.
Member: A Member, at the time of his advancement or election to this grade,
shall have satisfied the Council that he has attained such standard as set by
the Council to testify to his proficiency as a professional engineer, and that he
is worthy of election as Member.

Graduate: A Graduate shall be a person who, with respect to his age,
his educational attainments, his practical training, his employment
and otherwise, complies with such of the Bylaws and Regulations as
applied to Graduates.

Affiliate: An Affiliate shall be a person who has had the necessary
experience in a responsible position in engineering or a person who,by
his connection with engineering science or the arts or otherwise, is
qualified to concur with professional engineers in the advancement
of engineering knowledge.

Student: A Student shall be a person who, with respect of his age,
his education attainments and otherwise, complies with such of the
Bylaws and Regulations as applied to Students.
Applications for admission to all grades of membership should be made on
forms available from National Headquarters or any Branch Office.
Entrance and Transfer Fees
An entrance/transfer fee payable for the grade of membership to which the
applicant is admitted, elected or transferred shall be due and payable as of the
date of admission. Election or transfer to that grade, as follows:-
(a) Member
who has been a graduate member for at least two years before
applying for election. RM 100.00
2. who does not fulfil the requirements in (a)(1) above. RM 350.00
(b) Graduate
who has been a student member for at least one year and who
applies for transfer to this grade of membership within ninety days
after graduation in engineering from a recognised institution. RM
50.00
2. who does not fulfil the requirements in (b)(1) above. RM 80.00
(c) Affiliate RM 200.00
(d) Student None
Subject to the above, there shall be no other transfer fee payable on changing
from one grade of membership to another.
Annual Subscription
The annual subscription payable by membership wherever resident,
shall be as follows:Fellows RM 185.00
Members RM 110.00
Affiliates RM 110.00
Graduates, who on the 1st Jan. have attained the age of 30 RM 110.00
have not attained the age of 30 RM 70.00
Students, who on the 1st Jan. have attained the age of 24 RM 70.00
have not attained the age of 24 RM 20.00
Notwithstanding the above, any student member who
age of 24 years and can produce evidence that he is
student of an institution of higher learning or that he
the Institution's Graduate Examination shall pay the
Student member below the age of 24.
has attained the
still a bona fide
is registered for
same rate as a
Fellow
Entering this grade shall be only by transfer from the grade of member
A member for transfer must not be less than 35 years of age and
 who have served as Corporate Member of IEM of not less than 5 years
employment in position of major responsibility in planning, design,
execution or management of important engineering work
 Is in a responsible position in his organization and has occupied a
prominent position in the profession of engineering , and has either
made noteworthy contribution to the science of engineering or
materially advanced the practice of engineering
Submits the IEM Form (F) togetherwith Organization chart
Position served to be highlighted
Signatories of 6 engineers of which 4are members and 2 are Fellow members
Brief tabulation of experience
Affiliate
-Shall be required to produce evidence to the satisfaction of the IEM
Council
-That he is connected with the engineering profession, and
-That he is a graduate from a university / college of recognised
standing and has been in the active practice of his special pursuit for
not less than five years or
-That he has been in active practice of his special pursuit for not less
than ten years, and he has had responsible charge in his special
pursuit as principal or assistant for not less than three years
-Submits application form IEM/PI(1)
-Birth certificate
-Degree certificate and transcript
-Evidence of working experience.
Graduate
-A candidate for admission or transfer into this grade shall be not less than 21
years of age and shall produce evidence to the satisfaction of the IEM Council
-That he has graduated in engineering from a recognised university with an
accredited engineering degree or has obtained an equivalent qualification.
-Submits application form IEM(G)
-Birth certificate (only admission cases)
-Registration letter as a graduate engineer with the Board of Engineers, Malaysia
-Degree and Diploma certificates together with transcripts
-Evidence to show discipline/branch of engineering if the information is not in
certificate
-STPM/SPM/GCE/Matriculation certificate or equivalent
-All United Kingdom graduate must produce evidence to show applicant had
spent 2 years in the university in United Kingdom.
•Student
• A student shall be a person who is not less than 17 years of age
• The student should be studying engineering in a recognised university or
college of equivalent academic standing or
• A student pursuing a course of engineering approved by the IEM
Council or
• Candidate enrolled for Part I or Part II of the IEM /BEM Graduate Examination or
Examination of an overseas professional institution recognised by the IEM
Council
• Submits application form IEM(S) and
• Birth certificate
• Diploma Certificate and transcripts
• STPM/SPM/GCE certificate or equivalent
• Letter from Vice-Chancellor or Head of Department (local university only)
or
• Approval letter to sit for IEM/BEM Graduate Examination/Engineering Council
Examination
Member
-A candidate for election into this grade shall produce evidence to the
satisfaction of the IEM Council that he is worthy of election and
-That he has a graduate qualification as approved by the IEM Council and
-Is a graduate engineer for a minimum period of three to four or six years
or based on period specified by IEM/BEM. i.e.
-Working experience of 3 years or more for those graduating prior to
1.1.1998
-Working experience of 4-6 years or more (depending on period specify
by IEM/BEM) for those graduating after 1.1.1998
-Preferably the candidate must be
working under the guidance of a
Professional Engineer.
-(Working experience means practical experience in engineering in a
manner satisfactory to the Council ie in planning, design, executive or
management of such works as are comprised within the profession of
engineering , or in engineering research, or the teaching of engineering in
a course leading to a qualification).
or
That he has had a formal course of education and training to be an
engineer, has had at least 15 years' employment in positions of full
responsibility in the design and/or execution of engineering work and
fulfil the requirements as a special candidate as specified in the
Regulations governing the conduct of the Professional Interview and
oral Examination
- Submits application form IEM/PI (1) and IEM/PI (2)-in duplicates
- Birth certificate (only for Election cases)
- BEM Registration Letter as a Graduate Engineer (Election cases)
-Degree and Diploma certificates together with transcripts
- Evidence to show discipline/branch of engineering if the
information is not in certificate
- STPM/SPM/GCE/Matriculation certificate or equivalent
- All United Kingdom graduate must produce evidence to show
applicant
had spent 2 years in the university in
United Kingdom.
-Payment of PI fees:-
-RM 100.00 - for transfer cases
-RM 200.00 - for Election cases
Form completed with
-1 proposer, 3 seconders
-Experience clearly tabulated after the date of graduation and
breakdown of experience recorded in months
-Signatures of 2 engineers to verify experience on each page of the
form
-For Civil Engineering candidates, at least 1 year site and 1 year
design experience are required
-Form IEM/PI (3) to be submitted when called for Interview
-Name will be circulated in IEM Bulletin for a month
-IEM form will be submitted when the Interviewers called for
interview
[Act A1158] ‘Qualifications for registration’
Section 10 (1) :
a) Subject to this Act, a person who holds :
i.
ii.
The qualifications required for Graduate
Membership of the Institution of Engineers (Malaysia)
and which are recognized by the Board; or
Any qualification in engineering which is
recognized by the Board,
shall be entitled on application to be registered as a
Graduate Engineer.
b)
Subject to this Act, a person who is registered as a
Graduate Engineer under paragraph (a) shall be required to
obtain such practical experience as may be prescribed by the
Board in order to be entitled to apply for registration as a
Professional Engineer under subsection (2).
(2)
Subject to this Act, the following persons shall be
entitled on application to be registered as Professional
Engineers:
i. any person who
is registered as a Graduate Engineer and has
obtained the practical experience as prescribed
under paragraph (1)(b);


ii.
has passed a professional assessment
examination conducted by the Board, or is a
Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers
(Malaysia); and;
has complied with all the requirements of the
Board;
any person who, on the appointed date, was a
Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers
(Malaysia) or held a professional qualification
which the Board considers to be equivalent
thereto;
iii.
any person who satisfies the Board that he was
practicing or was carrying on business or was
employed as a bona fide engineer immediately
before the appointed date and who applies for
registration within twelve months of that date:

Provided that a person who comes within the
scope of subsection 7(3), shall not be entitled to
be registered under this paragraph unless he
holds a professional qualification recognized by
the Board for the purposes of this Act; and
iv. any person who, on the appointed date, had obtained
a qualification which would have entitled him to be
registered as a Graduate Engineer by virtue of
paragraph (1)(a) and who, after that date, has obtained
outside Malaysia a professional qualification which the
Board considers to be equivalent to that required for
Corporate Membership of the Institution of Engineers
(Malaysia), and has passed a professional assessment
examination conducted by the Board.
(3)
For the purpose of paragraph 2(iv), a person shall be
treated as having obtained a professional qualification
outside Malaysia if, while undergoing the necessary
course of studies, receiving the necessary instruction and
training, and acquiring the necessary practical
experience, he was entirely or mostly absent from Malaysia.
(4)
Subject to this Act, only a citizen or a permanent resident
of Malaysia may qualify for registration as a Graduate
Engineer or Professional Engineer and no person shall be
entitled to be registered as a Professional Engineer
unless he is at the time of application for registration, and
has been for a period of not less than six months prior to
the date of application, residing in Malaysia.
(5)
No person shall be entitled to be registered as a
Professional Engineer if at any time prior to his
registration there exist any facts or circumstances
which would have entitled the Disciplinary
Committee to cancel his registration pursuant to
section 15.
[Act A1158] ‘Restrictions on unregistered
persons, Graduate Engineers’

Section 7 (1) No person shall, unless he is a Professional
Engineer :
a)

i.
ii.
Practice, carry on business or take up employment
which requires him to carry out or perform
professional engineering services;
be entitled to describe himself or hold himself out
under any name, style or title:
bearing the words “Professional Engineer” or
equivalent thereto in any other language;
bearing any other word whatsoever in any language
which may reasonably be construed to imply that he is
a Professional Engineer; or
iii.
using the abbreviation “Ir.” Before his name
or the abbreviation “P.Eng.” after his name or
in any way in association with his name;
b)
use or display any sign, board, card or other device
representing or implying that he is a Professional
Engineer;
c)
be entitled to recover in any court any fee, charge,
remuneration or other form of consideration for any
professional engineering services rendered; or
d)
use the stamp as prescribed in the Second Schedule.
Section 7 (2)
Notwithstanding subsection (1)-
a) A Graduate Engineer may, subject to Section 8, take up
employment which requires him to perform professional
engineering services; and
b) A person who is a Professional Engineer by virtue of
Paragraph 10(2)(iii) as in force on the appointed date
and who, on the 1st March, 1974, was not practicing as
an engineer in private practice shall not, at any time
after that date, so practice unlessi.
he holds a certificate from the Board that he has
obtained a professional qualification approved by
the Board; or
ii. he is a Corporate Member of the Institution of
Engineers (Malaysia).
Section 7A
1)
2)
Notwithstanding subsection 7(1), a sole proprietorship,
partnership or body corporate may practice as an
Engineering consultancy practice and recover in any
court any fee, charge, remuneration or other form of
consideration for any professional engineering services
rendered by it pursuant to its practice as an Engineering
consultancy practice carried on by virtue of this section,
if it is registered with the Board as an Engineering
consultancy practice and has been issued with a
certificate of registration.
Every application by a sole proprietorship, partnership
or body corporate for registration as an Engineering
consultancy practice shall be made to the Board in the
prescribed form and manner and shall be accompanied
by the prescribed fee.
(3)
The Board shall register a sole proprietorship,
partnership or body corporate as an Engineering
consultancy practice, subject to such conditions
and restrictions as it may deem fit to impose, if :
a)
(b)
in the case of the sole proprietorship, the
sole proprietor is a Professional Engineer;
in the case of the partnership, all the
partners are Professional Engineers
or;
(c)
i.
ii.
iii.
in the case of the body corporate, it :
has a board of directors comprising persons who are
Professional Engineers;
has shares held by members of the board of
directors mentioned in subparagraph (i) solely or
with any other persons who are Professional
Engineers; and
has a minimum paid-up capital which shall be of an
amount to be prescribed by the Board.
(4)
An Engineering consultancy practice shall, within
thirty days of the occurrence of any change of its
sole proprietorship, or the composition of its
partners, board of directors or its shareholders,
furnish to the Board a true report in writing giving
full particulars of the change.
(5)
An Engineering consultancy practice may only
provide professional engineering services in
the branch or branches of engineering in which
the sole proprietor, partner or a member of the
board of directors of that practice is qualified to
practice and is shown in the Register under
subsection 5(2).
An example:
(Name Deleted), P.Eng.
Professional Chemical Engineering
Welcome!

We are very glad you came. Here you can find real world chemical manufacturing and
chemical engineering solutions. We perform professional chemical engineering services and
project management, and we supply consulting and expert services for the chemical
processing and chemical manufacturing industries, and their investors.
Professional Chemical Engineering Services

We provide a range of professional chemical engineering services that focus on a client's
need to deliver a product to market, from product inception through process design, pilot
operations, and then scale-up through start up. We have described these services and our
role in much more detail in the chemical engineering section of this site. We encourage you
to follow the chemical engineering discussion and the navigation links (above) to explore
this information at your leisure.

Planning to bring your product on line? Need more detail or more explanation? Not sure
where to start? Email us with your situation. We would be glad to talk with you.
Case studies

As just one example of our professional chemical engineering services, we have supplied an
interesting, short, industrial case study that addresses environmental control, optimization,
and troubleshooting of an existing operation.
Major Project Management

We have considerable experience in successful major project management. Because
we are not a design-build business, we can approach a project without any conflict
of interest. We have described our approach to project management including the
teams suggested, controls, and reports. As with the chemical engineering section,
we encourage you to follow the project management discussion and the navigation
links (above) to explore this information at your leisure.

Considering a major project? Planning to manage it yourself? Here’s a way to
evaluate and manage projects that we have used and have found it to be very cost
and schedule effective.
Privacy and confidentiality

The chemical, drug, and process industries generally treasure their product
manufacturing methods, trade secrets, and other proprietary knowledge. We
recognize this position. We need only enough information to perform our service.
Although as a policy we cooperate with authorities, we'll do our utmost to ensure
that your business remains your business.

We are now using PGP for any information exchange requiring encryption. Our
public key is available here and on several internet accessible key servers.
Qualifications

We understand a client needs to feel confident of our experience level. You can
request a resume of qualification and experience for quick review, or request a
detailed CV if you are considering expert witness or forensic services.
Business Values

The only way we grow is when our clients succeed. We believe it. We have taken an
ongoing commitment to the success of our customers.
Cooperation and association
 We are interested in speaking with any client or firm where there
may be a mutually beneficial arrangement. You are encouraged
to start a dialog.
Students
 Ever wonder what the choices might be? Ever wonder what the
corporate world was really like? Or how to actually make a
resume and get ready for an interview? You can read our FAQ for
Students page, then if needed, contact us with your questions.
We don’t do homework, but we are active mentors in several
professional associations. In addition we have posted some
information on the corporate world and some of the "inner
workings" we have seen. We have even provided some inside
tips for job seekers.



A changing profession for a changing planet
A ‘boundaryless’ profession
Global recognition.
“[A profession] that reaches out to
society, reaches out to other
disciplines and sectors, and reaches
out across geographic borders to
create a global knowledge and skill
pool that is greater than the sum of its
parts.”
Greg Lewin, 2007
Food
The
future?
Energy
Water




Vital contribution to all three key drivers –
energy, water, food
The challenges and issues are global
Underpinning science must be understood
Demanding depth and breadth
The need for partnership
Engineering
organisations
Chemistry-based
sectors
Science
community
The bio dimension
◦ Major developments
to embrace bioscience
and bioengineering
◦ Greater prominence for the food sector
◦ Stronger biochemical flavour to courses
Back to the future...
◦ Renewed focus on
“the management and
transformation of
materials and energy”
◦ Chemical engineering fundamentals
remain...fundamental



The engineer as specialist - a continued need for
engineering graduates who are technical experts of
world-class standing.
The engineer as integrator - operating and managing
across boundaries, technical or organisational, in a
complex business environment.
The engineer as change agent - a critical role in
providing the creativity, innovation, and leadership to
guide the industry to a successful future.
N Spinks, N Silburn & D Birchall, study by Henley
Management College for the Royal Academy of
Engineering, 2006
Technical Strategy Roadmap
◦ A trusted and united voice
◦ Based on extensive international
consultation with our members
◦ Where does IChemE stand on....?
◦ Technical Roadmap for 21st
Century chemical engineering
Broaden the base
Information:
- life science
- food & drink
- water
- assemble
- disseminate
- advise
Develop
consensus
Training &
education
Lobbying &
influence
Tools &
metrics
20 international subject
groups
◦ Events, webinars,
websites and newsletters
◦ Groups include Food &
Beverages; Oil and
Natural Gas; Safety and
Loss Prevention;
Sustainability and Project
Management.




New presence in China, partnership in India
Launched e-student membership
Accreditation of training schemes in ~ 50
companies and university courses in ~ 14
countries (including the first in China)
New Vice President (International) position




Major IT investments to speed up
applications, improve web services, enable
better member networking and increase
robustness
Closer interaction with employers
IChemE Safety Centre
Launch of Engineering Technician
registration






Wider training and CPD offerings
Process safety, leadership, innovation
Expanded international delivery capability
Mentoring and career support
Engineering technicians
40,000 members




A valued and preferred partner for
professionals throughout their careers
…and for companies in the process-based
industries – maintaining standards, fostering
co-operation, providing foresight.
A well-informed, influential and respected
advocate
Working with partners to help chemical
engineering professionals address global
challenges.

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