ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF WATER BODIES IN SPAIN

Report
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE
CONVERSION OF RBPAPs INTO RBMPs
PRIORITY SUBSTANCES AND EQS’s IN THE
PROYECT
INCEPTION WORKSHOP
Istanbul 9 -11 February - 2015
José FERNÁNDEZ DEL PINO
INDEX
 WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE (WFD)
 EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
 SPANISH LEGISLATION
 NEW LEGISLATION
 ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS
 EXPECTED ACTIVITIES
2
WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE (WFD)
 Article 4: Environmental objectives
 Article 16: Strategies against pollution of
water
 Annex V: Procedure for the setting of
chemical quality standards by Member
States. (1.2.6)
 Annex VIII: Indicative list of the main
pollutants
 Annex X: Priority Substances
3
SPANISH LEGISLATION
 REAL DECRETO 60/2011 environmental
quality standards in surface water
(continental and coastal).
DIRECTIVE 76/464/EEC
hazardous substances
REAL DECRETO 60/2011
SPANISH EQS
DIRECTIVE
2000/60/EC
WATER FRAMEWORK
4
DIRECTIVE
2008/105/EC
EQS
DIRECTIVE 2009/90/EC
technical specifications for
chemical analysis and
monitoring of water status.
DIRECTIVE
2013/39/EC
UPDATE EQS
…
Review every
six years
SPANISH LEGISLATION: SPECIFIC POLLUTANTS RBD
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 Discharges in significant quantities
 Emissions, Discharges and Losses
 Significant?
 Point sources
 Discharge authorizations
 E-PRTR inventory (Directive 2010/75/EU)
 Diffuse sources
 Urban sewage
 Agriculture
 Pesticides
 Fertilizers from urban sources
 Atmospheric deposits
 Leached soil, sediment
 Periodical analysis of substances list using screening techniques
 Passive sampling
 Performed on a preferably matrix
 Log Kow ≥3 BCF≥100
Kow: octanol-water partition coefficients
BCF: BioConcentration Factors
NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION:
Directive 2013/39/EU
 Changes in the WFD:
 Revision of the list of priority substances every 6 years (with the
RBMP)
 New Annex X of the WFD
 Changes in the Directive 2008/105/EC. Update EQSs







6
Replace the article 2
Replace the article 3
Remove the article 4.4 and the article 5.6
Insert the article 7 a
Replace the article 8 and the article 9
Update the annex I
Remove the annex II and annex III
NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
Directive 2013/39/EU
 45 priority substances
 7 EQSs revised with specific checking


22 Dec 2018: operational monitoring program.
22 Dec 2021: EQSs will compute for good chemical status.
 12 new substances (recently identified)
 22 Dec 2018 : operational monitoring program.
 22 Dec 2021: EQSs will compute for good chemical status.
 The usual matrix is water
 An alternative matrix can be used (art. 3):
 The technical criteria of the directive 2009/90/EC.
 In other cases:


“using best available techniques not entailing excessive costs”
“that the method of analysis performs at least as well as that available for
the matrix specified”
 Frecuency:
 Water: mothly.
 Sediment or biota: annual.
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50% Uncertainty
QL < 30 % EQS
NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
Directive 2013/39/EU
 Trend analysis:
 Member States shall arrange for the long-term trend analysis of
concentrations of those priority substances listed in Part A of Annex I
that tend to accumulate in sediment and/or biota
No
(2)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(12)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(20)
(21)
Name of substances
Anthracene
Brominated diphenylethers
Cadmium and its compounds
Chloroalkanes, C 10-13
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)
Fluoranthene
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene
Hexachlorocyclohexane
Lead and its compounds
Mercury and its compounds
No
Name of substances
(26)
(28)
(30)
(34)
(35)
Pentachlorobenzene
Pentachlorophenol
Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
Dicofol
Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and
its derivatives (PFOS)
Quinoxyfen
Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds
Hexabromocyclododecanes
(HBCDD)
Heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide
(36)
(37)
(43)
(44)
 Monitoring should take place every three years
8
NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
Directive 2013/39/EU
 “Additional maps” with the chemical status (Article 8a):
 May supply additional maps, individually, providing information on
the degree of deviation from the EQS for:

16 historic substances (Brominates diphenylethers, Mercury, PAHs, TBT,
PFOS, Dioxins, Hexabromocyclododedecane (HBCDD), heptachlor and
heptachlor epoxide)
Statistically robust baseline
 Monitoring every three years



9
7 substances with specific checking
12 new substances (recently identified)
NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
Directive 2013/39/EU
 Watch list (Article 8b):
 The Commission shall established the first watch list by 14 September
2014 (?) and shall update it every 24 months thereafter.
 Maximum of 10 substances or groups of substances
 They may present a significant risk at European Union for the fresh
environment
 When the monitoring data are insufficient.
 These parameters shall be included in the first watch list :
 Diclofenac (CAS 15307-79-6),
 17-beta-estradiol (E2) (CAS 50-28-2)
 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2) (CAS 57-63-6)
 Each Member State shall select the representative monitoring stations.
(14 September 2015)
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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION
Directive 2013/39/EU
 Pharmaceutical substances (Article 8c):
 The Commission
 Is studding the risks that may be presented by medicinal products in the
environment
 will develop a strategic approach to pollution of water by pharmaceutical
substances before 13 September 2015.
 In the framework of strategic approach:
 Proposed measures will be taken to reduced the possible environmental
impacts of pharmaceutical substances
 And reduced discharges, emissions and losses of such substances into
the aquatic environment, taking into account public health needs and
the cost-effectiveness of the proposed measures.
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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS (WFD)
 EQS may be set for water, sediment or biota.
 Where possible, both acute and chronic data shall be obtained for
the taxa set out below:
 Algae and/or macrophytes, Daphnia or representative organisms for
saline waters, Fish.
 Member States shall set appropriate safety factors in each case
consistent with the nature and quality of the available data and
the safety factor set out in the table:
At least one acute L(E)C50 from each of three trophic levels of the base set
One chronic NOEC (either fish or daphnia or a representative organism for
saline waters)
Two chronic NOECs from species representing two trophic levels (fish and/or
daphnia or a representative organism for saline waters and/or algae)
Chronic NOECs from at least three species (normally fish, daphnia or a
representative organism for saline waters and algae) representing three trophic
levels
Other cases, including field data or model ecosystems, which allow more
precise safety factors to be calculated and applied
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Safety factor
1000
100
50
10
Case-by-case
assessment
ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS (WFD)
 Where data on persistence and bioaccumulation are available,
these shall be taken into account in deriving the final value of the
environmental quality standard;
 The standard thus derived should be compared with any evidence
from field studies. Where anomalies appear, the derivation shall
be reviewed to allow a more precise safety factor to be calculated;
 The derived standard shall be subject to peer review and public
consultation including to allow a more precise safety factor to be
calculated.
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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS
CONTROL AND SURVEILLANCE
QUALITY ELEMENTS
(Physical chemical)
Thermal conditions
Oxygenation
Salinity
Nutrient status
Acidification status
Other pollutants
Priority substances
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INDICATOR
Average water temperature
Dissolved O2,% saturation of
oxygen, BOD 5
Conductivity
pH
NH4, NO3, PO4
Specific pollutants discharged in
significant quantities
Priority substances discharged in
significant quantities
MONITORING
FREQUENCY
3 months
1 month
ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS
STATUS OF THE WATER BODIES
Ecological
Status
Chemical
Status
National or
RBD risk
European
risk
Preferred Substances
Specific pollutants
RBD
National Legislation
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Priority Substances
and other pollutants
European Directives
EXPECTED ACTIVITIES
Determination of relevant substances per river basin (1/2)
 Methodology: A specific analysis of each river basin will be used. This
desk work is closely related to the study of pressures and impacts.
The location of each of the contaminants and waste water industries will
be considered to determine whether they discharge liquid or solid
products. Also, it will be analysed in those activities that are planned to
work on the discharge, the pollutant load, volume and composition. A
list will be made for each river basin district (or even a lower level like
sectors or ecoregions) of the most common types of industries, irrigation
areas, etc. and the list of hazardous substances that are more frequent
and more persistent.
This list will also then be confirmed with the initial sampling campaigns
as a screening process. Sampling will be done in all the monitoring points
of surveillance and operational networks. All hazardous substances will
be analyzed in the laboratory and it will confirm whether they are
currently present in the water bodies or not. If none of the specific
pollutants are detected after an acceptable number of samples,
additional samples and analysis of these substances may be excluded in
order to increase cost-benefit of the monitoring programmes.
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EXPECTED ACTIVITIES
Determination of relevant substances per river basin (2/2)
 Actions:
Action 1: Prepare a GIS layer with the pressures classified by type
Action 2: Analyze the pressures/industries/irrigation areas… which
discharge into water bodies (directly or indirectly).
Action 3: Sort and organize industries by the type of discharge.
Action 4: Perform several samples to confirm that there are pollutants
in the water.
Action 5: Compare the list of the real contaminants to the list obtained
in desk to locate the possible points of contamination.
 Output: Draw up the list of most polluting substances to locate
possible points of contamination, assess the status of water body
and programme of measures to mitigate such sources of
contamination.
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EXPECTED ACTIVITIES
Drafting a legal text for transposing the EQS Directive
 Methodology: The transposition of the implementation of the
Directive on Environmental Quality Standards is foremost a
responsibility of the Beneficiary. The consultant will support this
transposition by making available the best legal experience from
EU member states. Especially the experience of relatively new
member states like Slovakia and Slovenia may be of interest.
 Actions: first a transposition table and draft text will be made, on
the basis of the best EU experience that there is. Secondly this
transposition table and the draft legal text will be checked with the
Beneficiary, amongst others the legal departments.
 Output: A draft legal text to transpose the Directive on
Environmental Quality Standards
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THANK YOU
TEŞEKKÜRLER
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