Aim: How did nationalism affect Latin America?

Report
Thursday – October 18, 2012
Mr. Lombardi
Aim: How did nationalism affect
Latin America?
1800
Do Now:
o
Using the map, answer the
following questions in your
notebook:
1. What geographic location is
shown in this map?
2. Who controlled this area in
1800?
3. What inferences can we
make about the nonEuropean inhabitants of this
region prior to 1800?
The Congress of Vienna
Vocabulary
Definition
Facts
Peninsulares
A European (white) person
born in Spain or Portugal
Believed that they were
superior to any other
Spaniards because they
were born in Spain.
Creoles
A white Spaniard born in
the colony
Creoles fought to be viewed
as equals by the
Peninsulares.
Mulattoes
A person of African and
European ancestry
The Mulatto population
grew when slavery
increased in Latin America.
Mestizos
A person of Indian (Native
American) and European
ancestry
Mestizos in Latin America
were often exploited by the
Spanish.
Colony
a group of people living in a Many Western nations are
new territory but retaining former European colonies.
ties with the mother
country
SOCIAL HIERARCHY
Peninsulares
Creoles
Mulattoes & Mestizos
Native Americans & Africans
*** Latin American Revolutions
Influenced by American & French Revolutions ***
Enlightenment
Ideas of:
Reason
Liberty
Equality
Freedom
Natural Rights
American
Revolution
Ideas of John Locke
Declaration of
Independence
Idea of Nationalism
Toussaint L’Oventure,
Simon Bolivar,
Jose San Martin
Latin American
Revolutions
French Revolution
What is the message of this cartoon?
Summary
1. How did nationalism affect
Latin America?
2. What were the causes and effects
of the Latin American
independence movements?
3. In what ways were the American,
French, and Latin American
Revolutions similar? In what ways
were they different?
Toussaint L’Ouverture
• Leader in the Haitian revolution.
• Born a slave; became
commander of the revolutionary
army.
• In 1800, he created Haiti's first
democratic constitution.
• Arrested by Napoleon's troops
& sent to Paris, where he was
imprisoned.
Simon Bolivar
• “Liberator” of South America.
• Tried to create a “Gran Columbia”.
• 1830 - freed Columbia, Ecuador,
Venezuela
Jose de San Martin
• Led Chile, Peru, and Argentina to
independence.
Miguel Hidalgo
• Creole priest
• Led a rag-tag army toward Mexico
City, unleashing mass slaughter of
peninsulares in his path.
• Never made it to the capital -Captured and shot in 1811.
Critical Thinking Questions:
1. In what ways did Napoleon’s strategy of instilling
nationalism in his people backfire on him?
2. How would you portray the Spanish inhabitants of Latin
America?
3. Should Miguel Hidalgo be considered a hero in Mexico?
Explain.
Regents Prep – Latin American Revolutions

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