Police Consolidation Presentation to IAMMA September 9, 2010 Types of Consolidation • Functional Consolidation: Two or more agencies combine functional units like communications, crime lab or SWAT team • Public Safety Consolidation: Police, Fire and EMS are combined into one agency • Metropolitan: Two or more agencies serving overlapping jurisdictions join together • City-County Consolidation: a city and county consolidate their entire governments • Contracting: Small and medium sized communities contract with a larger agency for police services Models for Governance • Contracting • Special Districts • Metropolitan Organization Approach through Intergovernmental Agreement – Creation of one department – Governing board comprised of representatives of cooperating communities Consolidation – Why it would be beneficial • Increased efficiency – Improved span of control – Elimination of supervisory redundancy • Cost Savings – Salaries/Benefits – Facilities – Equipment • Larger Agencies are better equipped to provide service – Proactive vs. Reactive Police response – Ability to afford programs that would otherwise be too costly a) b) c) CALEA (Accreditation) Canine Units Social Workers Consolidation – Why it will probably fail Loss of local control Police Chiefs see no benefit to consolidation Each community has its own unique identity Each Police Department has its own unique identity/culture • Unions • Difficult, if not impossible, to go backward once new organization is formed • Changes in State Law required • • • • Burr Ridge/Willowbrook 2007 Proposed Police Consolidation – Why it should have succeeded • • • • • • • Both Chiefs retiring Both communities looking to build new facilities Communities were similar in population Communities similar in calls for service Both communities CALEA accredited Both communities represented by F.O.P. Cost savings – Over $1,000,000 in Salaries/Benefits savings annually – Over $2,000,000 in facility costs savings – Over $50,000 in vehicle costs savings Burr Ridge/Willowbrook 2007 Proposed Police Consolidation – Why it failed • Strong resident opposition in Burr Ridge • Strong employee opposition in both communities Would not reduce costs Would not improve quality of Police service delivery High degree of mistrust between organizations Pride in individual organizations Perceptions that that there were differences in how their departments dealt with citizens – Differences in union contracts, salaries, etc. – Job security – – – – – • No outcry for change Conclusions • The financial picture for municipalities will have to get even worse than it has over the past few years before consolidation will be seriously considered. • Consolidation will be the last resort to weathering the financial crisis. • The idea must appear to come from the public who are fed up with tax increases/reduction in services and not from management/elected officials. • There must be a blue ribbon panel of concerned and engaged citizens to push for the concept and stand up to those that would be opposed. • Unions must be engaged early on in the process View the Study • You can find a copy of the study at www.iamma.org by going to: – Membership • Member Benefits – Professional Development Questions? Thank you!