Tools and Techniques - Kansas State University

Report
Tools and Techniques
Sports and Athletics
Focus on the Competitive Format
The proliferation of competitive athletics has caused problems. Sports are
organized by adults, and are over influenced by adult values. Recognizing
these problems, a number of programs have developed that try to refocus on
the benefits of competition and athletics.
One of the better programs is the ASEP or American Sports
Education Program http://www.asep.com/. This program is
recognized by its motto "Athletes First....Winning
Second".
ASEP recognizes the crucial role that coaches play in reaching the stated
objectives of youth sports. The ASEP program is designed to prepare coaches
by helping them develop a sound competitive philosophy, by assisting
them in teaching fundamentals and strategies, and by understanding the
growth and development process of young athletes, as well as how to reduce
injuries.
Tools for the Competitive Format
Leagues
A league is an association of teams (or individuals in an individual
sport) with the common interest of competing against one another in
their chosen sport.
Leagues are organized to make the scheduling of play easier, and to
combine persons or teams of like skill or interest. Programmers can
use the league structure to make competition more fair. For
example a league can be used to allow the more competitive teams
to play each other, or the less competitive....
Leagues can also be used to make scheduling more concise. Adult
softball leagues are often described only by the night on which they
play. The Monday night men's competitive league
says it all.
Round-Robin(RR) play is designed to
ensure that each team or player plays
every other team or player in the league
once. A double round-robin ensures that
each opponent is played twice.
Round Robins
Most popular league format
 Can also be used as a tournament
 Use in combination to achieve certain
goals (single round robin followed by
upper and lower division round
robin…or…single round robin, followed by
bracket tournament)

Round Robins can be used alone
or in conjunction with another
format


teams
seasons schedules
(e.g. round-robin)

Types of Leagues
◦ Competitive
◦ Church
◦ open,
industrial/corporate,
coed
◦ recreational, etc.
Leagues are characterized by:
Step #1
1-8
2-7
3-6
4-5
Steps in a Round Robin format
Step # 2
rotate opponents counter-clockwise, keeping #1 in the
same position
WK
6:30pm
7:30pm
8:30pm
9:30pm
1
1-8
2-7
3-6
4-5
2
1-7
8-6
2-5
3-4
3
1-6
7-5
8-4
2-3
4
1-5
6-4
7-3
8-2
5
1-4
5-3
6-2
7-8
6
1-3
4-2
5-8
6-7
7
1-2
3-8
4-7
5-6
Steps in a Round Robin format
Step #3
Adjust team #1,because all of their games would be at 6:30
otherwise, and this team would always be home team if the 1st
team listed is the home team.
Week
6:30pm
7:30pm
8:30pm
9:30pm
3-6
2-7
8-1
4-5
7-1
8-6
2-5
3-4
Round Robin
Adjustments
7-5
1-6
8-4
2-3
5-1
6-4
7-3
8-2
1-4
5-3
6-2
7-8
4-2
1-3
5-8
6-7
5-6
3-8
4-7
2-1
When an odd number of teams make up a league a bye must be
used.
In a round robin format, a bye simply means that the teams do
not play, or have a rest break. In other tournament formats a
bye means the team advances. In those situations a bye is
treated as a win.
No time is assigned to the bye as no game or match is played.
In this league of 7 teams, three games will be played per night.
BYES
Round Robin Tournament/League format (illustrating use of
byes)
7 TEAMS
6:30
7:30
8:30
bye-7
1-6
2-5
3-4
bye-6
7-5
1-4
2-3
bye-5
6-4
7-3
1-2
bye-4
5-3
6-2
7-1
bye-3
4-2
5-1
6-7
bye-2
3-1
4-7
5-6
bye-1
2-7
3-6
4-5
Odd number of teams require the
use of BYES
Scheduling Software
Quick Scores illustrated……many versions, try out several

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