FROM ROYALTY TO INDEPENDENCE

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FROM ROYALTY TO INDEPENDENCE
GEORGIA BECOMES A ROYAL
COLONY
EQ: How did Georgia colonists
participate in governing
themselves after GA became a
royal colony?
HINT: Think Lower House.
Georgia’s Bicameral Legislature
• Governor’s
Assembly(Upper
House)
• Advised the governor
• Appointed by the king
• Approved land grants
• Made laws
• Common House of
Assembly(Lower
House)
• First chance at selfgovernment
• Set up to represent 8
parishes
• White, male
landowners(500 acres)
Laws passed by the GA
Assembly could be :
• Vetoed by the royal governor or
• Vetoed by the King of England
or
Royal Gov.
King of Eng.
What do think he felt about the
changes that the trustees allowed
in the colony he founded?
Goodbye Oglethorpe
• In 1743 James Oglethorpe returned to
England and never set foot in Georgia
again. The colonists of Georgia pushed for
fewer restrictions than those demanded by
Oglethorpe. Restrictions on land ownership,
inheritance, and slavery were dropped by
1750. In 1752 the trustees of Georgia gave
control of Georgia back to the direct control
of the British government and the king.
Bye, Bye Oglethorpe
Restrictions Dropped by Trustees
Land ownership
Slavery
Inheritance
Proprietary vs. Royal Colony
• Proprietarygoverned by a board
of trustees
• After Oglethorpe’s
exit many colonists
left for England.
• Export business
suffered due to less
production.
• Royal- directly
governed by the king
• Two years passed until
transition complete.
• Some colonists
returned.
Who ruled while GA was a royal colony?
Royal Governors
Royal Governors of Georgia
Captain John Reynolds
1754
Henry Ellis
1757
Sorry Henry,
no photo.
Sir James Wright
1760
Captain John Reynolds
• Unpopular
• Ineffective
• He would become
angry at arguing
legislatures and send
them home.
• Complaints about him
were sent to the King.
Henry Ellis
• Strengthened Georgia’s
defenses
• Increased population(from
SC & West Indies)
• Improved economy
• Hung a thermometer
around his neck and took
notes on the reading.
• Also carried around an
umbrella to protect him
from the sun.
Sorry
Henry, no
photo.
Sir James Wright
•
•
•
•
Served for 2 decades
Popular
Effective
Born in Charleston, SC
(NEW WORLD) and
educated in England.
• Created palisades (Fences
made of sharpened stakes)
around Savannah.
GA Parishes from 1765 -Revolution

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