China’s human Rights

Report
Bellringer
Vladmir
Lenin
Who led
the Communist
Revolution in Russia? In
China?
Mao Zedong
The youth
corrupt
Why
was became
the Cultural
with too much power
Revolution
a failure?
Both the Soviet Union and
USSR: Stalin’s 5 year plans
China began programs to
modernize
theirForward
nation,
China:
Great Leap
what were they called?
Explain
why
Communist
nations
force the
people
to worshipnations
their
Communist
communist leaders to
abolish
(get rid of)
maintain
control
Religion
China’s human Rights
…Or lack of Human Rights
China vs. United States
China
United States
Government
Communist
Democratic
Economy
Capitalist Socialism
Free Market Capitalism
Population
1.3 Billion
313 million
Labor Force
780 million
155 million
Internet users
389 million
245 million
Many economic forecasters predict China will surpass the United States in
economic strength by 2030.
China’s Human Rights Issues
-Political Oppression
-The Great Firewall
-One Child Policy
-Laogai Camps
-Organ Trade
-Tibet
Political Oppression
Tiananmen Square: Students demand
democratic reforms- Tanks kill thousands to
crush protest
Today, many protestors are jailed when they
speak out against the government, or in
favor of democracy.
Tiananmen Square
Tank Man became an international symbol for standing up to totalitarian
regimes. No one knows who he is for sure.
Liu Xiaobo
Political reformer who led during
Tiananmen Square 1989
In 2008 he wrote Charter ‘08, a call for
democracy, a constitution and
independent court system
He was sentenced to 11 years in jail, and
is still serving his time
Ai WeiWei
Artist who speaks against the
government through art and an online
blog
Ai WeiWei became increasingly political
after see the damage from the 2008
earthquake in Sichuan, China
He has had repeated run-ins with the
law and was just released from prison
in 2012
“She lived happily for seven years in this world”
The Great Firewall of China
The Chinese government monitors
all internet activity.
Even Google has restrictions and is
heavily censored
Netizens- Chinese bloggers who
have found ways around the
firewall
Created in 2005, and by 2009 China had
blocked access to most of Google's
features and censored searches
In 2010 the Chinese Government
hacked the email accounts of
suspected opposition. Outraged,
Google, is threatening to withdraw
service from China
One Child Policy
To combat a ballooning population, China
enforced the one child policy
**The One Child Policy has
recently been changed.
Unfortunately there is limited
information available about the
What
you
notice
about
Can’t pay?
Thedo
government
changes
will force
orabortion
how they will be
OR force
adoption
these
propaganda posters?
implemented**
Exceptions:
-rural families with one daughter can try for a
son if they apply
-Families can pay a “simple” fee for additional
children
do these
send
EachWhat
Chinesemessage
baby is adopted
for $15,000+
to the Chinese people?
We disagreed that
Why
dida the
West
he was
criminal
since
was usingthe
give
LiuheXiaobo
Free Speech, which
Nobel
Peace Prize
the West considers a
despite
China’s
right
is the
The What
courts have
the
same
opinion with
as the a
problem
government, so it is
court
nearly system
impossiblethat
to is
run
andoneself
operated by
defend
Objections?
the government?
The Sons take care of
Why
areparents,
sons
their
elderly
valued
highly
but the more
daughters
marry daughters
off and help her
than
in
in-laws
China?
Laogai Labor Camps
Political prisoners and criminals are
routinely sent to Laogai- forced labor
prisons and re-education centers
Prisoners are forced to create products,
including many of the goods that end up
on US Shelves
“Reform through Labor”
At least 909
Camps in China
3-5 million
currently in the
camps
Laogai Information:
909: Number of known Laogai camps… number is
likely higher
3-5 miillion: current number of imprisoned
99% Percentage of those charged with
“endangering state security” found guilty
314 Businesses linked directly to Laogai camps
40% Of Laogai prsoners are sentences to more than
5 years imprisonment, life internment or
death
Organ Trade
Executed prisoners “allow” the government
to donate their organs… for a profit
Organs can cost over $50,000 and every part
is used: Heart, liver, skin, kidneys, lungs…
Often, prisoners are kept
alive through the
harvesting process to
ensure healthier organ
transplants
Tibet
After Mao came to power in 1949,
the Chinese took over Tibet.
Technically, Tibet no longer exists
They have destroyed much of Tibetan
culture and outlawed Buddhism.
Many were sent to the Laogai camps
The Dalai Lama fled to India and has
remained there since 1950
Who is the Dalai Lama?
Leader of Buddhism.
He has been
Reincarnated 14 times.
The current Dalai Lama
was found when he
was a toddler
Review
The Tiananmen Square massacre in China was a
reaction to
1. Deng Xiaoping’s plan to revive the Cultural
Revolution
2. Students demands for greater individual
rights and freedom of expression
3. China’s decision to seek Western investors
4. Great Britain’s decision to return Hong Kong
to China
Review
Today, human rights violations most often occur in
nations in which
1.
2.
3.
4.
Freedom of the press exists
Government is limited by law
Leaders have absolute control
Government has a multiparty system
Review
Which Statement best describes a result of the student
demonstrations in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in
1989?
1. Prodemocracy protestors were successful in
achieving their goals
2. A state-controlled education program was begun
3. The government further restricted freedom of
expression in China
4. Collectivization programs were started in China
Review
An Analysis of the Chinese student demonstrations in
Tiananmen Square in 1989 would show that
1. Communist governments continue to have little
control over the actions of their citizens
2. Totalitarian governments frequently survive by the
use of force
3. Peaceful demonstrations often succeed in
achieving democratic reforms
4. Negative global reaction sometimes leads to
economic decline
Who’s Afraid of Ai WeiWei?
17:58

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