WODC / SIBa

Report
Criminal Justice Statistics in
the Netherlands
Paul Smit
WODC
Ministry of Justice
the Netherlands
Criminal Justice Statistics
•
•
•
•
The Dutch Criminal Justice System
Organisation of the Dutch Statistics
Characteristics of the Dutch Statistics
Future Developments
Types of Crime
Crimes
Police
committed
registration
(Victim Surveys)
Crimes
Misdemeanors
(criminal)
Misdemeanors
(administrative)
Prosecution /
Courts
Types of Crime
(* 1,000)
Crimes
Police
committed
registration
(Victim Surveys)
Prosecution /
Courts
Crimes
4,000
1,400
240
Misdemeanors
(criminal)
-
(500)
180
Misdemeanors
(administrative)
-
9,200
-
Types of Crime
(* 1,000)
Crimes
Police
committed
registration
(Victim Surveys)
Prosecution /
Courts
Crimes
4,000
1,400
240
Misdemeanors
(criminal)
-
(500)
180
Misdemeanors
(administrative)
-
9,200
-
The Dutch Criminal Justice System
• Separate Ministry of Justice and Ministry of
Internal Affairs
• 25 highly autonomous police regions
• Prosecution plays central role
• Only professional judges, no jury or lay
judges
Organisation of the Dutch Statistics
• An independent and powerful Statistics
Netherlands (CBS – Central Bureau of Statistics)
was originally the only provider of statistics.
• Computerized registration systems: more timely,
detailed (and reliable?) data provided by ministries
(and other organisations) themselves
• Changing role CBS:
– Surveys
– Combining data from different areas
CBS
Victim Surveys POLS
•Annual
•Face to Face
Ministry of Justice
Min Int. A.
•20 k sample
Police Monitor
Safety Mon
Police registr.
Police suspects
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
Court decisions
Reconviction
Prison pop.
•Bi-annual
•Telephone
•90 k sample
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Police Monitor
Victim Surveys POLS
Police registr.
Police suspects
CBS Police
statistics
Min Int. A.
Safety Mon
HKS
System
Surveys
Aggregate data
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
Court decisions
Reconviction
Prison pop.
•Each police region their
own systems for
registration !
Individual (case) data
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Min Int. A.
Police Monitor
Victim Surveys POLS
Safety Mon
Detailed information on
Police registr.
CBS
Police criminal
HKS
cases,
offenders,
statistics
System
acts,
convictions,
Police suspects
sentences etc.
Slightly less information
as OMData, but now:
Unique offenders!
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
CBS Court
Statistics
Court decisions
Reconviction
Detailed registration of
prosecutor decisions and
Prison pop.
court cases by the
prosecutor’s office
OMData
OBJD
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Police Monitor
Victim Surveys POLS
Police registr.
Police suspects
CBS Police
statistics
Min Int. A.
Safety Mon
HKS
System
Surveys
Aggregate data
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
Individual (case) data
CBS Court
Statistics
OMData
CBS Prison
Statistics
TULP
OBJD
Court decisions
Reconviction
Prison pop.
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Police Monitor
Victim Surveys POLS
Police registr.
Police suspects
Safety Mon
CBS Police
statistics
HKS
System
CBS Court
Statistics
OMData
CBS Prison
Statistics
TULP
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
OBJD
Court decisions
Reconviction
Prison pop.
Min Int. A.
Characteristics of the Dutch Statistics
• No link between police statistics and prosecution /
court statistics
• Counting units are complicated, in this regard
voegingen (combining cases) is particularly
problematic
• Statistics are Criminal Code oriented:
– Offence type can change
– No link with crimes as seen by public (or policy
makers)
• Hardly any victim data
Future Developments
•
•
•
•
One comprehensive Victim Survey
Extending OBJD with execution data
Linking Police and Court Statistics
Linking with the CBS “Social Statistical
Dataset”
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Police Monitor
Victim Surveys POLS
Police registr.
Police suspects
Safety Mon
CBS Police
statistics
HKS
System
CBS Court
Statistics
OMData
CBS Prison
Statistics
TULP
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
OBJD
Court decisions
Reconviction
Prison pop.
Min Int. A.
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Victim Surveys Integrated Comprehensive Victim Survey
Police registr.
Police suspects
CBS Police
statistics
HKS
System
CBS Court
Statistics
OMData
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
Court decisions
OBJD
Reconviction
Prison pop.
CBS Prison
Statistics
TULP
Min Int. A.
CBS
Ministry of Justice
Min Int. A.
Victim Surveys Integrated Comprehensive Victim Survey
Police registr.
Police suspects
CBS Police
statistics
HKS
System
CBS Court
Statistics
OMData
Link with other
social statistics
Pros. input
Pros. decisions
Court decisions
OBJD
Reconviction
Prison pop.
CBS Prison
Statistics
TULP

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