Your Research Rights: Ownership Awareness to Maximize the Impact of Your Publications Katie Newman Sarah L. Shreeves University Library www.library.uiuc.edu/scholcomm/uiucresponse.html#education Author’s Rights – a three minute video .. http://blip.tv/file/743274/ Why Do We Publish? To make an impact – we want our research to make a difference. To build a reputation. To engage with other scholars. To fulfill institutional and organizational expectations. Professional advancement. To make money. Others? What do you want to do with your work? ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ Share with colleagues Make it available to your students Use parts of it yourself, in future work Use parts of it in a Wikipedia entry Post it to your website or to a repository ‐ Others? In order to publish your work, publishers need from you the right to publish your work. Usually publishers ask you to transfer your copyright to them. The work belongs to you until you give your rights away! Copyright transfer agreements often asks you to transfer all of your rights! “The Author(s) assigns to Publisher exclusive copyright and related rights in the Article, including the right to publish the Work in all forms and media including print and all other forms of electronic publication or any other types of publication including subsidiary rights in all languages.” You (may) lose your: – – – – Right to distribute copies Right to use copies in your classroom Right to make derivative works Right to archive the published copy into a disciplinary or institutional repository What does the publisher really need? • A non-exclusive right to publish and distribute a work and receive a financial return • Proper attribution and citation as journal of first publication • Right to migrate the work to future formats It doesn’t have to be all or nothing! Read the copyright transfer agreement carefully. • Some will explicitly grant the author certain rights Example. • Ask whether you can retain copyright (and just grant the publisher a license to publish) • Edit the copyright transfer agreement directly • Append an amendment to the copyright transfer form that stipulates the rights you need, for example: CIC Author Amendment or SPARC/Science Commons) If the publisher still says no… • Consider publishing your work elsewhere. • Consider publishing your work in an open access journal. • Publish your work as planned with the original publisher. The decision is entirely up to you. Open Access • Freely available to anyone with Internet access • Authors retain copyright • Users must properly cite and acknowledge the authors. Advantage to Open Access: Paper is cited more frequently Number of Citations Non-Open Access vs Open Access: Number of Citations to Articles For many more studies see: 8 6 Non-Open Access 4 Open Access 2 0 0-4 4-10 10-16 Number of Months after Publication Eysenbach, PLOS-Biology, 2006 The Effect of Open Access and Downloads on Citation Impact: a bibliography of studies http://opcit.eprints.or g/oacitationbiblio.html Multiple Venues for Open Access (OA)… • Publish in a fully OA journal – See: Directory of Open Access Journals – Many OA journals are innovative and facilitate digital scholarship. • Journal of Visualized Experimentation: http://www.jove.com/ • Southern Spaces: http://www.southernspaces.org/ • Hybrid journal: Pay a fee to have your article OA in an otherwise non-OA journal (examples) – See: Wikipedia entry on Hybrid Journals • Deposit your work in an openly accessible repository (at institution and/or for discipline) – See: IDEALS http://ideals.uiuc.edu/ – See: arXiv http://www.arxiv.org/ Open Access is Becoming an Expectation: The NIH Mandate The Law: The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law. NIH Mandate • As of April 7, 2008, all publications from research funded by the NIH must be submitted to PubMed Central – A year-long embargo is allowed – Author’s final versions are allowed (post-script version) though publisher’s versions are encouraged – Extra funding was not provided – Copyright compliance is required • Penalty for non-compliance: Lack of future funding from the NIH! • For more info: Illinois NIH Public Access Mandate support site: http://uiuc.libguides.com/NIH/ Open Access is Becoming an Expectation: The Harvard Mandate February 12, 2008: Harvard’s Arts & Sciences faculty unanimously approved: Each Faculty member grants to the President and Fellows of Harvard College permission to make available his or her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles. In legal terms, the permission granted by each Faculty member is a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to each of his or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others to do the same, provided that the articles are not sold for a profit. Harvard will be depositing articles into an institutional repository. IDEALS - http://ideals.uiuc.edu/ Digital institutional repository for research and scholarship produced by faculty, researchers, and graduate students at Illinois • Distributes your research as widely as possible via search engines and other tools • Preserves your work for long-term access • Provides open access to your research, thus increasing your impact IDEALS: What type of materials? Also audio and video IDEALS: Copyright Issues • You retain your copyright • Many publishers allow you to deposit the author’s final version of the work (after peer review) • Some publishers allow you to deposit the published version • Consult the Sherpa Romeo list of Publisher Copyright Policies and Self-Archiving to find a summary of permissions that are normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement <http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/> IDEALS: Benefits • Permanent web address for each item • Full-text indexing • Visible in Google, Google Scholar, and other search engines • Download statistics • Long-term preservation • May meet some grant requirements It’s your research. Understand your rights. Read your agreements with publishers. Understand how to increase your impact. Contacts • Katie Newman [email protected] • Sarah Shreeves IDEALS Coordinator [email protected] Presentation: http://www.library.uiuc.edu/scholcomm/uiucresponse.htm#education References / Attribution Video: SPARC, ACRL, ARL Author Rights - http://blip.tv/file/743274/ Slide 1: Pile of Books http://www.flickr.com/photos/suttonhoo22/ Slide 3: Term paper http://www.flickr.com/photos/babasteve/ Slide 4: Tools http://www.flickr.com/photos/docman/ Slide 5: BookCase http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/ Slide 6,8: Pig http://www.flickr.com/photos/beeldenzeggenmeer/ Slide 7: White books http://www.flickr.com/photos/vlashton/ Slide 10: Illinois Alma Mater sculpture http://www.flickr.com/photos/vsmithuk/ Slide 12: Door http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystalina/ Slide 16: Pills http://www.flickr.com/photos/ppdigital/ Slide 18: Harvard University http://www.flickr.com/photos/omerka/ Slide 23: Research Reflection: http://www.flickr.com/photos/squeakymarmot/ All photographs above are used under a Creative Commons license. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncsa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.