JS Yellow Packet Notes

The Jane Schaffer
Writing Program
The Multi-paragraph Essay
Parts of an Essay
Write these notes in your yellow JS Writing Packet
What is an Essay?
A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (CD and
CM) about a subject.
Formal essays include: intro, body pgfs, conclusion
Diff types of essays (also called “modes”):
Analytical (Literary Analysis)
Style analysis
2. The Introduction
O First paragraph in an essay
O Includes thesis, most often at the end
O Begins broadly and narrows to thesis
3. Thesis Statement
O Statement with subject and opinion
O Comes somewhere in your introduction
(most often at end)
O Acts as “roadmap” for entire essay
4. Body Paragraphs
O Paragraphs between intro and conclusion
O Each pgf. develops a point you want to make
which supports your thesis statement
O Each pgf. includes: TS, facts and opinions
(CDs and CMs), and CS
5. The Conclusion
O Last pgf. In essay
O Begins narrow w/restatement of thesis then broadens
O It may:
O Sum up ideas
O Reflect on what you said
O Provide more commentary
O Give personal statement abt subject
6. Transitions
O Words, phrases, sentences that link ideas
O Provide a smooth and logical flow to your
Parts of a Paragraph
Topic Sentence (TS)
O First sentence in body paragraph
O For lit analysis and narrative: Includes
subject and writer’s opinion
O For argumentation,
expository/informational: includes subject
2. Concrete Detail (CD)
O Specific details that form “backbone” of
your body pgfs.
O Facts, specifics, examples, descriptions,
illustrations, support, proof, evidence,
quotations, paraphrasing, plot references
Transitional Lead-In to a CD
O Phrase that introduces a quotation
O Usually illustrates what is happening in the
4. Commentary (CM)
O Your opinion or comment; not concrete
O Your insights, analysis, interpretation,
inference, personal response, feelings,
evaluation, explication, reflection
5. Chunk
O Smallest unified group of thoughts in a pgf.
that combine CDs and CMs
O Depends on ratio for each mode
6. Ratio (CD:CM)
O Typically, Literary analysis = 1 Chunk
O 1 chunk has a ratio of (1:2+)
O 1 CD (concrete detail), plus 2 or more sentences of
CM (Commentary)
O Typically, Argumentation,
expository/informational, narrative = (2+:1)
O 2 or more sentences of CDs, plus 1 CM
O Typically, Summary (3+:0)
7. Transitions
O Words, Phrases, sentences that link ideas.
O Transitions are important within and
between body paragraphs.
8. Concluding Sentences (CD)
O The last sentence in a body paragraph, the
CS is all commentary.
O Do not repeat key words from the
10/15: Journal – “Camping”
O Write about a time you went camping…(if
you’ve never been camping, write about a time
you spent outdoors)
O Who went with you?
O Where did you go?
O What types of things did you do? What happened while you
were there?
O When did you go?
O How often do you go camping?
Process of Writing & JS Steps
in that Process
1. Pre-Writing
O Prewriting includes mapping, clustering,
bubbling, webbing, brainstorming, free writing,
and outlining.
2. Gathering CDS
O Jane Schaffer “Gathering CDs” think sheet
helps you determine which CDs you will use
in each paragraph.
O Also helps with providing preliminary CMs
based on your CDs selected and helps with
your Topic Sentence.
3. T-Charting
O T-Chart is a think-sheet that helps you begin
forming a paragraph with a Topic Sentence,
CDs, CMs, and concluding sentence.
4. Web-Off-The-Word
O The WOW think-sheet helps figure out
different ways to say something.
O Helps develop your vocabulary and own style
of writing.
5. Web-Off-The-TopicSentence
O The WOW think-sheet helps you create
concluding sentence by selecting the most
important words phases and ideas
surrounding your TS.
O Keeps you focused & not repeating yourself.
6. Weaving
O Blending CDs and CMs
O Once you have structured format mastered,
you are ready to move to weaving
7. The Shaping Sheet
O Step after Pre-writing and before the First
1) Include transitions between ideas;
2) Vary your sentence openings;
3) Include different types of sentences;
4) Correct Spelling, Punctuation, and
capitalization errors
5) Add or delete words, phrases, and
sentences to create your voice and style
8. Peer Response
O Written responses and reactions to teacher-
directed component of your partner’s paper.
O Occurs with shaping sheets and first drafts.
9. First Draft
O First version of your essay (Rough Draft)
O Combine introduction, body paragraphs, and
conclusions, editing and revising along the
10. Final Draft
O Final Version of your essay.
O Ready to submit your essay!

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