Key Enabling Technologies and HORIZON 2020 - CORDIS

Report
Key Enabling Technologies and
HORIZON 2020
Willy Van Puymbroeck
European Commission
Head of Unit Nanoelectronics
Outline presentation
 KEY Enabling Technologies – KET’s




How and which
Observations of the High Level Group
Recommendations by the High Level Group
Considerations on implementation
 HORIZON 2020
 Outlook and budget
 Impact, simplification and architecture
 Challenges and funding schemes
 NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
 Evolution of the area
 Research in Europe
 Addressing value chains
2
KEY Enabling Technologies
How and which – Key Performance Indicators
Initial selection
Screening of the common high-tech areas at Member State-level
Economic Potential
Economic criteria
•GDP contribution
•Employment
•Market Growth
•Systemic relevance
Value adding
enabling Role
•General Purpose
Technology
•Innovation driver
•Productivity driver
•Spill-over effects
Technology-Intensity
•R&D-Intensity
•Innovation cycles
•Know-how intensity
•IPR/ Patenting
•High-skill ratio
Capital Intensity
•Initial investments
•Capital expenditure/
Production costs
•Amortisation rates
•Investment per
employee
Based on this assessment, five + one key enabling technologies were
selected
3
KEY Enabling Technologies
How and which
Communication COM(2009)512 of 30.9.2009
Micro- and nanoelectronics,
including semiconductors
Advanced
materials
Photonics
Biotechnology
Nanotechnology
Advanced manufacturing Systems
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/ict/key_technologies
KEY Enabling Technologies
How and which – High Level Group
27 High Level Group members
+ Sherpa Group
+ Technology-specific Working Groups
Mission of the KETs HLG
1.
To assess the competitive situation of the relevant
technologies in the EU with a particular focus
on industrial deployment and their contribution
to address major societal challenges;
2.
To analyse in depth the available public and
private R&D capacities for KETs in the EU;
3.
To propose specific policy recommendations
for a more effective industrial deployment of KETs in the EU.
5
KEY Enabling Technologies
Observations of the HLG – Disconnect between EU patent
base and EU manufacturing
USA
LI-ION
BATTERY
PRODUCTION
2008
EUROPE
ASIA
OTHERS
35%
4%
Patent share
%
Manufacturing
%
share
30%
31%
1%
0%
87%
12%
34%
36%
26%
7%
5%
3%
4%
Patent share
BIOETHANOL
PRODUCTION
2009
%
Manufacturing
share
%
USA 54%
BRAZIL34%
Patent share
PV CELL
PRODUCTION
2009
%
27%
29%
42%
2%
Manufacturing
share
%
12%
13%
57%
18%
6
KEY Enabling Technologies
Observations of the HLG – The ‘Valley of Death’
Technological
facilities
Pilot lines
Demonstrator
Source: Preliminary HLG KET Report, Brussels, 09/02/2011
Globally competitive
manufacturing facilities
7
KEY Enabling Technologies
Observations of the HLG – Competition is on – some
examples
US President Barack H. Obama, in his state of The Union speech, on January 25
2011, STATED “At stake [right now] is whether new jobs and industries take root in
this country, or somewhere else.[…] The rules have changed! […] We need to outinnovate, out-educate, and out-built the rest of the world”
US
CHINA
Shift form a
PRO1- centred
innovation system
to a firm-centred
one
BRAZIL
June 2011, Brazilian state-owned development bank BNDES announced that it will
make $18-22 billion in loans to the sugarcane and ethanol sector.
RUSSIA
The technology of magnetic random access memory was recently mastered and
led to development and commercialisation in Europe. This type of memory could
replace traditional memory on silicon as it is faster, less expensive and consumes
less energy. This year, RUSNANO, the Russian government controlled investment
fund, tasked with the mission of creating by 2015 a “Nano industry” took high JV
stake in the relevant European industry.
KEY Enabling Technologies
Recommendations by the HLG
•
Recommendation n°1: Make KETs a technological priority for Europe
The High Level Group recommends that an integrated KETs policy should be implemented,
that KETs should be visibly prioritised in EU policies and financial instruments and that the
European Investment Bank group should pro-actively support KETs initiatives in Europe.
•
Recommendation n°2: The EU should apply the TRL scale R&D definition
The High Level Group recommends the EU to align its RDI activities on the TRL scale in line
with the OECD definition. The Commission should also systematically apply this definition in
order to include technological research, product development and demonstration activities
within its RDI portfolio.
•
Recommendation n°3: Fully exploit the scope of relevant R&D definitions
The High Level Group recommends that the EU should apply R&D definitions in its
programmes which support the full and simultaneous implementation of the three pillar bridge
model along the innovation chain, from basic research, through technological research,
product development and prototyping up to globally competitive manufacturing.
•
Recommendation n°4: Rebalancing of EU RDI funding programmes
The High Level Group recommends that the EU and Member States firmly rebalance their RDI
funding in KETs-related programmes towards technological research, product development
(including pilot lines, prototypes, first-in-kind equipment and facilities and demonstrator
activities). In particular in the future CSF, the EU should set indicative targets for the
percentage of funding dedicated to basic research, technological research and development
activities.
9
KEY Enabling Technologies
Recommendations by the HLG
•
Recommendation n°5: A strategic approach to KETs programmes
The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission defines and implements a
strategic, industry driven and coordinated approach to KETs programmes and related policies
across EC RDI funding programmes and instruments (CSF, ERDF).
•
Recommendation n°6: Establish an appropriate set of rules to implement KETs programmes
The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission adapts its selection criteria
and implementation rules in the CSF programme to maximise its impact on the value and
innovation chains. In particular, a "value chain correctness" criterion should be added
•
Recommendation n°7: Combined funding mechanisms
The High Level Group recommends that the EU should introduce a tripartite financing approach
based on combined funding mechanisms involving Industry, Commission, and national
authorities (Member States and local government), when required by the high costs of the KETs
RDI projects, and put in place the appropriate program management and mechanisms to allow
the combination of EU funding (CSF, structural funds), to enable the optimum investment in
significant KET pilot line and manufacturing facilities across Europe.
•
Recommendation n°8: KETs state aid provisions
The High Level Group recommends that the EU adapts state aid provisions to facilitate RDI
activities and large-scale investment in KETs, in particular through the introduction of a
matching clause in the EU state aid framework across the board, review of the scaling-down
mechanism for larger investments increased thresholds for notifications, faster procedures and
the use of projects of common European interest.
10
KEY Enabling Technologies
Recommendations by the HLG
•
Recommendation n°9: Globally competitive IP policy in Europe
The High Level Group recommends that the selection criteria and terms of the consortium
agreements of EU RDI funding programmes should be amended to ensure that participating
consortia have a clear and explicit plan for both the ownership of and first exploitation of IP
resulting from the project within the EU. It should explicitly include provisions similar to those
of the “Bayh-Dole Act” and “Exception Circumstances”-like provisions to encourage the first
exploitation and manufacturing of products based on this IP within the EU.
•
Recommendation n°10: Build, strengthen and retain KETs skills
The High Level Group recommends that the EU should create a European Technology Research
Council (ETRC) to promote individual excellence in technologically focused engineering research
and innovation and establish the appropriate framework conditions through the ESF regulation
in order to support KETs skills capacity building at national and regional level.
•
Recommendation n°11: A European KETs observatory and consultative body
The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission establishes a European KETs
Observatory Monitoring Mechanism tasked with the mission of performing analysis and a “KETs
Consultative Body” comprised of stakeholders across the entire innovation chain to advise and
monitor the progress in Europe of the HLG KET recommendations towards the development
and deployment of KETs for a competitive Europe this should include all relevant data
regarding policies and strategies evolution outside EU.
11
KEY Enabling Technologies
Considerations on implementation
Key Enabling
Technologies
12
Horizon 2020
Outlook and budget
• Proposal by the Commission in ‘A budget for Europe 2020’ on
Research and Innovation
– Budget for 2014 -2020 of EUR 80 billion in constant 2011
prices
– Bring together FP7, the innovation part of Competitiveness
and Innovation Programme (CIP) and European Institute of
Innovation and Technology (EIT)
– Structured around three distinct reinforcing blocks
• Excellence in the science base
• Tackling societal challenges
• Creating industrial leadership and competitive
frameworks
– Includes both agenda-driven activities and more open areas
for applications
– Implementation will be simplified and standardised
13
Horizon 2020
Increasing impact
•
FROM different priorities in each programme and initiative
 TO common strategic priorities, focusing on
societal challenges, competitiveness and research
excellence
•
FROM gaps between the stages (R&D, demonstration, piloting, market
uptake …)
 TO coherent support for projects and organisations
across the innovation cycle
14
Horizon 2020
Achieving simplification
•
FROM a large variety of funding schemes within and between programmes
 TO a rationalised toolkit of funding schemes across
the CSF
•
FROM different rules in each programme and initiative
 TO more standardised rules across all initiatives –
which meet the different needs and with flexibility
where needed
•
FROM multiple websites, guidance documents, applications
 TO common entry point, one stop shop, common IT
platform
15
Horizon 2020
Architecture
Shared objectives and principles
Tackling Societal Challenges
Health, demographics and wellbeing
Food security and bio-based economy
Secure, clean and efficient energy
Smart, green and integrated transport
Resource efficiency & climate impact
Inclusive, innovative & secure society
(EIT)
Creating Industrial Leadership
& Competitive Frameworks
− Leadership in enabling technologies
ICT
Nanotech, Production, Materials
Biotech
Space
− Access to risk finance & venture capital
− High potential SMEs
Excellence in the Research Base
Frontier research (ERC & FET Flagships)
Skills and career development (Marie Curie)
Research infrastructures incl. e-Infrastructures
Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes
16
Horizon 2020
Challenges and funding schemes – a comprehensive picture
Societal challenges
Industrial leadership
Infrastructures
and skills
Strategic,
Roadmap based
Open, Agile
e.g. Living
labs
e.g.
support to
EIPs
Light WP
e.g. HPC
access
eInfrastructures
Excellence in science
Anytime
User-driven
testing, piloting
Pilots
Small size
e.g. PPPs
SMEs
specific
e.g. FET
Flagships
ERC
Pilots
17
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Evolution of the area
Increasing complexity and cost
This triggered major changes:
Further Globalisation of Semiconductor R&D and Manufacturing
Shift of markets and Investments to Asia
Global strategic alliances for process RTD & manufacturing
Changing Business Models and Consolidation
Shift from IDM to fab lite, fabless and foundry
Focus on products rather than on technology
Complex value chains
Changing R&D Models:
Multi-disciplinarity, system level view
Global alliances for process R&D - sharing of R&D infrastructure
Application driven derivatives “at home”
18
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Research in Europe
More than Moore: Diversification
Analog/RF
Baseline CMOS: CPU, Memory, Logic
Moore’s Law: Miniaturization
- Advanced components in advanced systems enabling pervasive applications -
130nm
Passives
HV Power
Sensors
Actuators
Biochips
Interacting with people and environment
Non-digital content SoC & System-inPackage (SiP)
90nm
65nm
45nm
Information
Processing
32nm
Digital content
System-on-Chip
22nm
(SoC)
,
Beyond & Extended CMOS technologies need to meet
the criteria of integratability and systemability and manufacturability
19
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Research in Europe
The dynamics of
two decades of
computer chip
technology
development and
their mineral and
element impacts.
In the 1980s, computer chips were made with a palette of twelve minerals or their
elemental components. A decade later, sixteen elements were employed. Today,
as many as sixty different minerals (or their constituent elements) are used in
fabricating the high-speed, high-capacity integrated circuits that are crucial to this
technology.
Source: CT IC
20
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains
FP7
Vision, Mission, Strategy
Specific Programme
FP7
21
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains
Programme
COOPERATION
JTI/JU
EUREKA
CAPACITIES
PEOPLE
IDEAS
•
•
•
Sub-programme
ICT-Nanoelectronics
(including Design)
ICT-Micro/Smart
Systems
ICT-Photonics/Organic
Electronics
No
38
17
18
ICT-other
7
ICT-FET
8
NMP
5
ENIAC
MEDEA+
28
39
CATRENE
25
Research for SMEs
Research Potential
Marie-Curie
Industrial-Academic
Partnerships
ERC Advanced
Investigator Grants
1
1
3
1
191 projects analysed in total
20% funded by Nanoelectronics Unit directly
50% in MEDEA+/CATRENE/ENIAC
22
22
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains
14 FP7
18 FP7 DESIGN Projects
EQUIPMENT
Projects
No
% of Total (94)
35 FP7 INTEGRATION
26 FP7 APPLICATION
Projects
Projects
EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS
DESIGN
SUPPLIERS
COMPANIES
IDMs & FOUNDRIES
OEMs
9
8
43
25
9%
8%
43%
25%
– Major players here are defined as those who are prominent in current manufacturing supply
chains (taken from EC reports, e.g. ICT MAN study):
•
•
•
•
OEMs: NOKIA, ERICSSON, BOSCH, SIEMENS (5), PHILIPS (5), THALES (9), EADS, FIAT (5)
IDMs and Foundries: INTEL, STM (24), INFINEON (12), GLOBAL FOUNDRIES, NXP (4), NUMONYX, BOSCH, AMS, ARM
Design Companies: CADENCE, PHOENIX, SYNOPSYS (4)
Equipment and Materials Suppliers: SILTRONIC, SOITEC, APPLIED MATERIALS, KLA-TENCOR (3), LAM, ASMI, AIXTRON, SUSS
MICROTEC, ADIXEN, ION BEAM SERVICES
FP7 is successfully involving major players across the supply chain in line with the types of
projects being funded, but participation of key players is patchy and there are significant omissions
23
23
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains
12
OEMs
IDMs &
FOUNDRIES
25
Top OEMs – THALES,
FIAT, PHILIPS and
SIEMENS - are
involved in 18
projects. Another 7
projects involve
other OEMs eg
Ericsson
43
7
6
2
2
EQUIPMENT &
MATERIAL SUPPLIERS
DESIGN
COMPANIES
8
Top IDMs – STM and
INFINEON - are
involved in 33
projects. Another 10
projects involve
other IDMs eg
Numonyx, Bosch,
NXP, Global
2
9
24
24
THANK YOU
[email protected]
Information Society and Media:
http://ec.europa.eu/information_society
http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/nanoelectronics/mission_en.html
European research on the web:
http://cordis.europa.eu
http://www.eniac.eu

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