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CHURCH
PLANTING
MOVEMENTS
INTRO
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WHAT IS GOD’S
WILL FOR THE
NATIONS?
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THAT ALL
PEOPLES
WOULD
GLORIFY HIM
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OUR BURDEN:
LOSTNESS
They Who Sit
In
DARKNESS …
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IN 1998, THE OVERSEAS
LEADERSHIP TEAM OF THE
INTERNATIONAL MISSION
BOARD ADOPTED THE
FOLLOWING VISION
STATEMENT:
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“We will facilitate the lost
coming to saving faith in
Jesus Christ by beginning
and nurturing Church
Planting Movements among
all peoples.”
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WHAT IS A
CHURCH PLANTING
MOVEMENT?
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“A Church Planting Movement
is a rapid multiplication of
indigenous churches planting
churches within a given people
group or population segment.”
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THREE KEY COMPONENTS ARE...
• Rapid
• Multiplicative Increase
• Indigenous Churches
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Let’s Look At Some
CPM Examples…
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LATIN AMERICA PEOPLE GROUP
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
Southern Union Churches
2000
1918
1500
1174
1306
1000
500
129
0
1989
1995
1997
1998
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LATIN AMERICA PEOPLE GROUP
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
1400
Northern Union Churches
1340
1200
1140
1000
846
800
600
450
400
200
95
100
106
929
545
155
0
1989 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998
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EAST ASIA PEOPLE GROUP
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
Churches
600
550
500
400
300
195
200
100
0
76
3
9
26
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
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EAST ASIA PEOPLE GROUP
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
Members
60000
55000
50000
40000
30000
25300
20000
9600
10000
0
83
600
2400
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
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SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA GROUP
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
Churches
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2000
1200
547
220
28
1989
36
78
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
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THE KHMER OF CAMBODIA
From your readings in the
booklet Church Planting
Movements describe…
• Background
• IMB Involvement
• Results
Baptist Churches
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
194
123
78
43
1
1982
6
6
1992
10
20
1994
1996
1998
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CHURCH
PLANTING
MOVEMENTS
PART ONE
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PART ONE
TEN UNIVERSAL ELEMENTS
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ONE: PRAYER
Prayer is fundamental to every
Church Planting Movement. It
is typically the first element in
a master strategy plan, and it is
the vitality of the missionary’s
prayer life that leads to its
imitation in the life of the new
church and its leader.
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TWO: ABUNDANT GOSPEL SOWING
A Church Planting Movement
does not emerge where
evangelism is rare or absent.
The law of the harvest applies
well: “If you sow abundantly
you will also reap abundantly.”
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The converse is also true:
wherever government or social
forces intimidate and stifle
Christian witness, Church
Planting Movements are
effectively eliminated.
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THREE:
INTENTIONAL CHURCH PLANTING
In every Church Planting
Movement someone
implements a strategy of
deliberate church planting
before the movement can get
underway.
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FOUR: SCRIPTURAL AUTHORITY
Church Planting Movements
rest solidly on the authority of
the Word of God. Even when
the Bible hasn’t yet been
translated into the heart
language, its authority is
unquestioned.
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FIVE: LOCAL LEADERSHIP
In CPMs, missionaries walk
alongside local believers
cultivating and establishing
local leadership rather than
doing it themselves.
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SIX: LAY LEADERSHIP
Church Planting Movements
are driven by lay leaders.
These leaders are sometimes
bi-vocational and always come
from the general profile of the
people being reached.
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SEVEN:
CELL OR HOUSE CHURCHES
In a Church Planting Movement
churches begin as small
reproducible cell churches of
10-30 members meeting in
homes or storefronts.
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EIGHT:
CHURCHES PLANTING CHURCHES
As CPMs enter a multiplicative
phase of reproduction, the
churches themselves plant new
churches. Nothing disqualifies
local lay believers from
winning the lost and planting
new churches.
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NINE: RAPID REPRODUCTION
Rapid reproduction is evidence
that the churches are
unencumbered by non-essential
elements and the laity are fully
empowered to participate in this
work of God.
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TEN: HEALTHY CHURCHES
CPMs consist of healthy
churches carrying out the five
purposes of: 1) worship, 2)
evangelism and missions, 3)
education and discipleship,
4) ministry, and 5) fellowship.
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CHURCH
PLANTING
MOVEMENTS
PART TWO
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PART TWO
TEN COMMON FACTORS
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ONE: WORSHIP IN THE
HEART LANGUAGE
Worship in the common heart
language of the people keeps it
accessible and within reach of
all members of the community
and allows everyone to
participate in a new church’s
formation.
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TWO: EVANGELISM HAS
COMMUNAL IMPLICATIONS
Contrary to the Western
emphasis on individualism and
personal commitment, CPMs
typically spread through
communal lines and family ties.
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THREE: RAPID INCORPORATION OF
NEW CONVERTS INTO THE LIFE AND
MINSTRY OF THE CHURCH.
In most Church Planting
Movements, baptism is not
delayed by lengthy discipleship
requirements….
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…instead, discipleship often
precedes conversion and
continues indefinitely. New
believers become immediate
witnesses, disciples, and even
church planters.
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FOUR: PASSION & FEARLESSNESS
Church Planting Movements
are characterized by passion
and a sense of urgency. New
believers exhibit a boldness in
the face of opposition. While
boldness may invite
persecution, it also fuels a
Church Planting Movement.
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FIVE: A PRICE TO PAY TO
BECOME A CHRISTIAN
Church Planting Movements
often emerge in difficult
settings where following Jesus
Christ may lead to severe
persecution or death.
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SIX: PERCEIVED LEADERSHIP CRISIS
OR SPIRITUAL VACUUM
A country or people group that
has experienced a loss of
leadership or a spiritual void
coming from war, natural
disaster or displacement may
create a ripe environment for a
Church Planting Movement.
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SEVEN: ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
FOR CHURCH LEADERSHIP
If new church leaders must
leave their churches for
extended periods of theological
training, the momentum of the
movement diminishes. The
most beneficial training brings
education close to the action.
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EIGHT: LEADERSHIP AUTHORITY
IS DECENTRALIZED
In a CPM every cell or house
church leader has all the
authority required to do
whatever needs to be done in
terms evangelism, ministry,
and church planting without
seeking higher approval.
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NINE: OUTSIDERS KEEP A
PROFILE
To encourage indigeneity,
missionaries draw local
believers into leadership roles
through participative Bible
studies and mentoring from
behind the scenes.
LOW
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TEN: MISSIONARIES SUFFFER
Many engaged in Church
Planting Movements have
suffered illness, derision and
shame. Students of CPMs
suggest that the affliction may
be related to a higher spiritual
price required for rolling back
the darkness (Rev.12:12).
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CHURCH
PLANTING
MOVEMENTS
PART THREE
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PART THREE
Nine OBSTACLES TO CPMS
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ONE: IMPOSING EXTRA-BIBLICAL
REQUIREMENTS FOR CHURCH
• Why would anyone do this?
• What is the issue?
• What are the biblical requirements?
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TWO: LOSS OF A VALUED
CULTURAL IDENTITY
• Certain elements in every culture
are challenged by the gospel
• Other features are simply expressions
of our diversity
• When a people group must
abandon its own culture
and embrace a foreign
culture to come to
Christ – a major
obstacle exists!
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THREE: OVERCOMING POOR
EXAMPLES OF CHRISTIANITY
• The challenge created by those
who have preceded us
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FOUR: NON-REPRODUCIBLE
CHURCH MODELS
• Non indigenous churches
• Can this evangelism tool, this
approach to church planting, this style
of worship, etc., be reproduced by these
local believers?
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FIVE: SUBSIDIES CREATING
DEPENDENCE
• The importance of external support
• The “Help that Hurts”
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SIX: EXTRA-BIBLICAL
LEADERSHIP REQUIREMENTS
• Who can be a pastor in your context?
• What are the biblical requirements for
church leadership?
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SEVEN: PLANTING FROG
RATHER THAN LIZARD CHURCHES
• What is the difference between frogs
and lizards?
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A PREPODERANCE OF MULES
• We need horses rather than mules
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EIGHT: LINEAR, SEQUENTIAL
THOUGHT AND PRACTICE
• A new way of thinking is needed
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NI NE: PRESCRIPTIVE RATHER
THAN DESCRIPTIVE STATEGIES
• Danger of reducing CPMs to a checklist
• The importance of continually seeking
out what God is doing
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Office of Overseas Operations
International Mission Board
of the Southern Baptist Convention
P. O. Box 6767 • Richmond, VA 23230, USA

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