Evaluarea riscurilor— calea spre locuri de muncă sănătoase

Report
Employer and employee - partnership
for a healthy work place
Dr. Daniela OLAR - Selgros Cash&Carry.
Who are we?
• Society for en-gross commerce
• Part of Fegro / Selgros group
• Main shareholders of Fegro / Selgros:
► REWE Group and Coop Group, which represent
TransGourmet-Holding
Modern world of work
• Employer
• Employee / worker / collaborator
• Partnership
• Wellbeing at workplace
Health means for us:
• Our employees’ health
• Workplace’s health
• Organizational climate health
• Environmental health
Organizational climate health
• Sincerity
• Honesty
• Respect
• Equality
Ergonomy within office work
• Dangers and risks within office work:


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Position related problems
Time, intensity and project of office work
Psychological factors
Environment
• Health problems:
 Muscle and bone diseases
 Stress
 Visual tiredness
• Legal framework:
 Directive 90/270/CEE
 HG 1028/2006
 Key-words: equipment with screen, workplace, employee
Ergonomy of office work
• The development of a proactive
organizational strategy: risk assessment
►Understanding the problems (recognizing and
involvement)
►Creation of a proper climate (participation,
responsibility)
►Assumption of DMS risk/ reducing the risk
►Education / information
►Control along DMS cases
►Periodical check of the efficiency of the
programs
Ergonomy of office work
• Good ergonomic practice – reducing risks and
dangers
►Environmental conditions (ISO 9241)
 Light
 Noise
 Microclimate
►Arranging the workplace
 Computer screen, keyboard, / mouse / chair / workplace / desk /
document rack / phone
►Natural position of the body
 head / shoulders / back / elbows / hands / hips and loins / knees /
legs
Ergonomy for everybody
• Information / Communication
• Involvement / Education
• Awareness
• Responsibility
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
The ergonomy of working at PC
Take care of the body’s signals!
• Typical effects of unilateral solicitation of the body:
► Difficulties of concentration
► Sight over solicitation
► Muscular stress (especially of the shoulder and back
muscles)
► Tendency for varix
► Headache / tiredness
► Digestive diseases
► Changes of the muscles used for sustaining the body
► Anorexy
Take care of the body’s signals!
• Tipical simptoms for exhaustion and oversolicitation
► Mood changings
► Insomnia
► Difficulties of concentration
► Digestive problems
► Vertige
► Tiredness
► Bothering sensation
► Anxiety
► Easy Irritability
► Pale skin
► Pesimism
► Weakness
► Tensions
► Unexpectable headache
Active organization of the breaks
• Tipical areas for problems
► Eyes, shoulders and backbone, arms and hands, loins, legs
• The way the muscular system works
► Lack of balance
• Program for exercises
► For eyes / shoulders and backbone / arms and hands / loins
and hips / legs
► Exercises for the whole body
 Using the intelligence of the body
 Stretching
► Schemae advice for the program of exercises
Information, education, awareness
•
Exercises program – 6 sections:
1. Eyes:

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

Put your palms on your eyes
Change the focalisation
Move your sight
Look through the window
Information, education, awareness
2. Shoulder and backbone




Rotate your shoulders
Rotate your head
Stretch the backbone on the side
Stretch from chest to backbone
Information, education, awareness
3. Arms and hands


Arrange your fingers
Stretch your forearms
Information, education, awareness
4. Backbone and hips
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
Inervertebra disks
Active sitting
Rotation and moving of the hips
Stretching your body (sitting)
Forwarding your chest
Stretching your belly
Informare, educare, constientizare
4. Backbone and hips






Inervertebra disks
Active sitting
Rotation and moving of the hips
Stretching your body (sitting)
Forwarding your chest
Stretching your belly
Information, education, awareness
5. Legs



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Veins
Swinging the legs
Stretching the posterior part of thighs
“Elevator”
“Hop”
Involvement, responsability
6. Exercises for the whole body


Using the intelligence of the body
• Activate your natural forces for selfcuring
• Your body knows exactly what it needed to keep healthy
• Knead your muscles, not your skeleton
• Try to localize the painful points on your body, and knead them carefuly
• Massage your hands for warm them, and put them on the painful points
• Try to recognize the stressed sides of your body and relax them
• The breath: calm and equal
• Attention: oriented to the specific sides of your body
• How long it takes: how long you want
Stretching
• The body knows the adequate measure of stretching with vigourant effect
Involvement, responsability
• Schemae / advice for the program of exercises
► Try to make the exercises very carefully
► Less means more!
► Pay attention to your body’s signals
► What kind of things does it signal?
► Sham the breath through the parts of body which are implied
in training
► Exercise whenever you like
► Try to keep up the head and body during the exercises
► Relax your shoulders
► Compare your physical sensations before and after exercises
Essential
Sources of information
► http://ew2007.osha.europa.eu
► http://osha.europa.eu/publications
► http://hwi.osha.europa.eu
► www.officesafe.net
► www.yorkcvs.org.uk
► www.lancs.ac.uk
► www.hse.gov.uk
► www.protectiamuncii.ro
► www.tifaq.com
► www.workpace.com
► ISO 9241-6:1999 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual
display terminals (VDTs) Cerinte ergonomice pentru munca de birou
cu videoterminale (VDT)-- Part 6: Guidance on the work environment
Ghid pentru microclimat
► Health and Safety Executive (2005) Work-related stress
► Gätjens – Reuter, Margit / Behrens, Claudia, Manual de secretariat si
asistenta manageriala, Editura Tehnica, Bucuresti, 2001

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