Define the term civilization Objective: SWBAT identify and comprehend the 8 features of civilization 8 Features of Civilization There Is A Quiz on This Info on FRI!!!!!!!!!!!! 8 Features of Civilization Job Specialization – Urban people developed so many new crafts that a single person could no longer master all the skills leading to artisans (skilled craft worker) Cities – emerged after farmers began cultivating lands along river valleys and producing a surplus of food 8 Features Cont. Complex Religions – most people were polytheistic – belief in more than one god Strong Central Government – forms of government arose to oversee irrigation, and maintain large food supplies. Priests initially had the greatest power, eventually taken by warrior kings. 8 Features Cont. Social Classes – people were ranked according to their jobs, priests and nobles usually occupied the top level, a small class of wealthy merchants, artisans, bottom was peasant farmers (vast majority of people) Arts and Architecture – expressed beliefs and values of people who created them Cont. 1 more time Public Works – strong rulers would order projects such as irrigation systems, roads, bridges, and defense walls (People Working for People) Writing – early writings made of pictographs or simple drawings, as writing grew more complex only specialized people (scribes) could write Things to Ponder ???? If social classes do not exist among a group of people, can that be considered a “civilization”? Why or Why not? “All societies and civilizations change.” Name and describe 2 possible causes of such change.