Moose Adaptations - Mrs. Coupe's Scoop

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Moose
The King Of Antlers
By: ES
• females are called cows
• males are called bulls
• The scientific name is Alces
Alces
• They live up to 25 years old
• They live alone
• They are in the deer family
• They are mammals
Physical Features
• Huge
• Dark brown coat in summer
• Light gray/brown coat in
winter
• Large ears that stand up
• Large head with rounded
muzzle and nostrils at the end
• Thick neck
• Long, thin legs
• Thick, big body with stubby tail
• Males have big antlers
Habitat
• FORESTS!!!
• Swamps
• Moose live in:
– Scandinavia
– Russia
– Asia
– Northern forests
Climate
• Plenty of water
• Lots of trees
• Sometimes rainy
In the winter
Snow in winter
Freezing in winter
In the summer
Summers warm or hot
Food
• Herbivores
• They eat 100 pounds of plants each
day
• They eat: Grass, plants, bark, etc.
• In summer eats water lilies, pond
weed and water plants
• Normally eats in shallow water
• Occasionally eats in deep water
• Sometimes kneels to eat
Prey and Predator
Prey
Predators
• Moose are herbivores
• They eat plants
• Wolves
• Black bear
• Brown bear
Behavior
• Swim to keep flies off
• Protect their babies by
fighting off other animals
• Roll in mud to keep flies off
• Males make their own
territory
• Males attract females by
fighting and they also dig
holes and pee in it. Then
they roll in their pee.
Ugh!!!
• Lives alone
Babies
• Moms are pregnant for about 240
days
• Calves born in summer to early fall
• Normally one calf born at a time
• Sometimes 2 or 3 born at a time
• Good to be born in a peninsula so
they are near water.
• Newborn weighs about 35 pounds
Physical Adaptations
• Hooves help them run 35
mph when escaping
• Hooves help them walk
through snow, ponds, etc.
• Tough lip grabs food
• Fur coat keeps them
warm
• Hearing help them to
escape enemies
Behavioral
Adaptations
•Nostrils close to
keep water out
•Swim to keep flies
off
•Make mud coat to
keep flies off
•Males Fight for
females
•Go in water to get
food
Physiological Adaptations
• Digestive system has four
chambers to chew rough
food
• Food goes down to 1st
chamber, than up, down
to 2nd chamber, up
continuing the pattern
• Excellent hearing helps
avoid predators
• Great eyesight helps
avoid predators
• Eyes adapted to see
underwater
Fun Facts!
• They are the largest member of
the deer family
• Can run up to 30 miles per hour
• In Europe and Asia moose are
called Elk
• Only males have antlers
• Moose have 24 teeth
• Moose are drawn to salt on
winter roads
• In winter males’ antlers fall off
and they grow back in the spring.

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