Agriculture and Urban Review

Report
PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL
PRODUCTS DESTINED PRIMARILY FOR
DIRECT CONSUMPTION BY THE PRODUCER
RATHER THAN FOR MARKET IS CALLED
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PLANTATION FARMING
HUNTING AND GATHERING
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
SEDENTARY CULTIVATION
SHIFTING-FIELD AGRICULTURE
PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL
PRODUCTS DESTINED PRIMARILY FOR
DIRECT CONSUMPTION BY THE PRODUCER
RATHER THAN FOR MARKET IS CALLED
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PLANTATION FARMING
HUNTING AND GATHERING
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
SEDENTARY CULTIVATION
SHIFTING-FIELD AGRICULTURE
DRAMATIC INCREASES IN GLOBAL GRAIN
PRODUCTION SINCE 1950 HAVE BEEN MADE
POSSIBLE BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN THE AMOUNT OF LAND UNDER CULTIVATION.
GLOBAL WARMING
AN INCREASE IN THE URBAN WORKFORCE
AN INCREASE IN THE AGRICULTURAL WORKFORCE
AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY
DRAMATIC INCREASES IN GLOBAL GRAIN
PRODUCTION SINCE 1950 HAVE BEEN MADE
POSSIBLE BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN THE AMOUNT OF LAND UNDER CULTIVATION.
GLOBAL WARMING
AN INCREASE IN THE URBAN WORKFORCE
AN INCREASE IN THE AGRICULTURAL WORKFORCE
AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY
IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS WAS
WHEAT MOST PROBABLY DOMESTICATED
EARLIEST?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SOUTHERN ITALY
NORTHERN LIBYA
THE PLATEAU OF CENTRAL MEXICO
EASTERN CHINA
SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY
IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS WAS
WHEAT MOST PROBABLY DOMESTICATED
EARLIEST?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SOUTHERN ITALY
NORTHERN LIBYA
THE PLATEAU OF CENTRAL MEXICO
EASTERN CHINA
SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY
TRADITIONALLY, THE GANGES VALLEY AND
THE NILE VALLEY HAVE HAD
COMPARATIVELY HIGH POPULATION
DENSITIES BECAUSE OF THEIR
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TROPICAL CLIMATE
HEAVY INDUSTRIALIZATION
IN-MIGRATION FROM NEIGHBORING ARID AREAS
INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED IRRIGATION
DESIGNATION AS SACRED SITES
TRADITIONALLY, THE GANGES VALLEY AND
THE NILE VALLEY HAVE HAD
COMPARATIVELY HIGH POPULATION
DENSITIES BECAUSE OF THEIR
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TROPICAL CLIMATE
HEAVY INDUSTRIALIZATION
IN-MIGRATION FROM NEIGHBORING ARID AREAS
INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED IRRIGATION
DESIGNATION AS SACRED SITES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS
BEST DESCRIBES THE IMPACT OF
IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION
SYSTEMS ON AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LOCAL MARKETS HAVE BECOME MORE IMPORTANT FOR DAIRY FARMERS.
INDIVIDUAL FARMS HAVE BECOME MORE DIVERSIFIED.
CORPORATE FARMS HAVE GAINED GREATER ADVANTAGE OVER FAMILY FARMS.
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS ARE GIVEN GREAT ADVANTAGES.
CUISINES HAVE BECOME MORE REGIONALIZED.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS
BEST DESCRIBES THE IMPACT OF
IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION
SYSTEMS ON AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LOCAL MARKETS HAVE BECOME MORE IMPORTANT FOR DAIRY FARMERS.
INDIVIDUAL FARMS HAVE BECOME MORE DIVERSIFIED.
CORPORATE FARMS HAVE GAINED GREATER ADVANTAGE OVER FAMILY FARMS.
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS ARE GIVEN GREAT ADVANTAGES.
CUISINES HAVE BECOME MORE REGIONALIZED.
DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE
TWENTHIETH CENTURY, WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACILITATED THE
TRANSPORTATION OF BEEF OVER LONG
DISTANCES
TO
GLOBAL
MARKETS?
a. COMMERCIAL CANNING
b.
c.
d.
e.
IRRADIATION OF FOOD
REFRIGERATED SHIPS
AIRPLANES
HIGH-SPEED RAILROAD.
DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE
TWENTHIETH CENTURY, WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACILITATED THE
TRANSPORTATION OF BEEF OVER LONG
DISTANCES
TO
GLOBAL
MARKETS?
a. COMMERCIAL CANNING
b.
c.
d.
e.
IRRADIATION OF FOOD
REFRIGERATED SHIPS
AIRPLANES
HIGH-SPEED RAILROAD.
IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES
IS TERRACING LEAST LIKELY TO BE USED BY
FARMING GROUPS TO CREATE ADDITIONAL
SPACE AND MINIMIZE EROSION ON STEEP
SLOPES? a. NEPAL
b.
c.
d.
e.
PERU
THE PHILIPPINES
NIGER
GREECE
IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES
IS TERRACING LEAST LIKELY TO BE USED BY
FARMING GROUPS TO CREATE ADDITIONAL
SPACE AND MINIMIZE EROSION ON STEEP
SLOPES? a. NEPAL
b.
c.
d.
e.
PERU
THE PHILIPPINES
NIGER
GREECE
AGRICULTURE PRACTICED IN CALIFORNIA
DIFFERS FROM FORMS PRACTICE IN OTHER
MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURAL REGIONS
BECAUSE IN CALIFORNIA
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GRAPES ARE GROWN FOR WINE PRODUCTION
FARMS USE MORE IRRIGATION
FARMS ARE SMALLER
FARMS RELY ON LOCAL LABOR
WHEAT IS GROWN IS THE WINTER AS A COVER CROP
AGRICULTURE PRACTICED IN CALIFORNIA
DIFFERS FROM FORMS PRACTICE IN OTHER
MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURAL REGIONS
BECAUSE IN CALIFORNIA
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GRAPES ARE GROWN FOR WINE PRODUCTION
FARMS USE MORE IRRIGATION
FARMS ARE SMALLER
FARMS RELY ON LOCAL LABOR
WHEAT IS GROWN IS THE WINTER AS A COVER CROP
IN TERMS OF TOTAL TONNAGE, WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING IS CURRENTLY THE
LEADING EXPORT CROP IN THE WORLD?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
COFFEE
SUGAR CANE
WHEAT
CORN
RICE
IN TERMS OF TOTAL TONNAGE, WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING IS CURRENTLY THE
LEADING EXPORT CROP IN THE WORLD?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
COFFEE
SUGAR CANE
WHEAT
CORN
RICE
ISOLATED FARMSTEADS IN THE UNITED
STATES EVOLVED AS A RESULT OF ALL OF
THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
POLITICAL STABILITY
COLONIZATION BY INDIVIDUAL PIONEER FAMILIES
AGRICULTURAL PRIVATE ENTERPRISES
GOVERNMENT LAND POLICY
PHYSICAL BARRIERS PREVENTING COMMUNAL FARM PRACTICES.
ISOLATED FARMSTEADS IN THE UNITED
STATES EVOLVED AS A RESULT OF ALL OF
THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
POLITICAL STABILITY
COLONIZATION BY INDIVIDUAL PIONEER FAMILIES
AGRICULTURAL PRIVATE ENTERPRISES
GOVERNMENT LAND POLICY
PHYSICAL BARRIERS PREVENTING COMMUNAL FARM PRACTICES.
VON THUNEN EMPHASIZED WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACTORS IN HIS MODEL OF
AGRICULTURAL LAND USE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LABOR COST
TRANSPORTATION COST
FERTILIZER COST
MACHINERY COST
SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS IN PRICES OF FARM PRODUCTS
VON THUNEN EMPHASIZED WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACTORS IN HIS MODEL OF
AGRICULTURAL LAND USE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LABOR COST
TRANSPORTATION COST
FERTILIZER COST
MACHINERY COST
SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS IN PRICES OF FARM PRODUCTS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A
CHARACTERISTIC OF SHIFTING
CULTIVATION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DEPENDENCY ON IRRIGATION
SHARECROPPING
PRODUCTION OF CASH CROPS FOR EXPORT
DEMAND FOR WAGE LABORERS
MULTICROPPING
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A
CHARACTERISTIC OF SHIFTING
CULTIVATION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DEPENDENCY ON IRRIGATION
SHARECROPPING
PRODUCTION OF CASH CROPS FOR EXPORT
DEMAND FOR WAGE LABORERS
MULTICROPPING
WHY IS THE TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF
AGRICULTURE AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY A
PROBLEM WHEN CONSIDERING THE GEOGRAPHY OF
AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MODERN FARMERS ARE ENGAGED IN PRODUCTION, RESEARCH, MARKETING, AND SOME MANUFACTURING OF
THEIR PRODUCTS.
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT IS SUCH A SMALL FRACTION OF THE LABOR FORCE IN THE INDUSTRIALIZED
COUNTRIES THAT AGRICULTURE CAN NO LONGER BE THOUGHT OF AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
UNLIKE MINING, FORESTRY, AND OTHER PRIMARY ACTIVITIES, AGRICULTURE HAS NOT BEEN AFFECTED BY
INDUSTRIALIZATION
TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF FARMING ARE DISAPPEARING.
MODERN FARMERS USE MACHINERY.
WHY IS THE TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF
AGRICULTURE AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY A
PROBLEM WHEN CONSIDERING THE GEOGRAPHY OF
AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MODERN FARMERS ARE ENGAGED IN PRODUCTION, RESEARCH, MARKETING, AND SOME MANUFACTURING OF
THEIR PRODUCTS.
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT IS SUCH A SMALL FRACTION OF THE LABOR FORCE IN THE INDUSTRIALIZED
COUNTRIES THAT AGRICULTURE CAN NO LONGER BE THOUGHT OF AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
UNLIKE MINING, FORESTRY, AND OTHER PRIMARY ACTIVITIES, AGRICULTURE HAS NOT BEEN AFFECTED BY
INDUSTRIALIZATION
TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF FARMING ARE DISAPPEARING.
MODERN FARMERS USE MACHINERY.
COMPARED TO NORTH AMERICAN
RANCHERS, COMMERCIAL RANCHERS IN
THE PAMPAS OF ARGENTINA, URUGUAY, AND
SOUTHERN BRAZIL ARE MORE LIKELY TO
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
RAISE MOSTLY SHEEP
LEASE THEIR GRAZING LAND
RELY ON FEEDLOTS
RAISE LIVESTOCK PRIMARILY FOR EXPORT
USE PRACTICES DEVELOPED BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
COMPARED TO NORTH AMERICAN
RANCHERS, COMMERCIAL RANCHERS IN
THE PAMPAS OF ARGENTINA, URUGUAY, AND
SOUTHERN BRAZIL ARE MORE LIKELY TO
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
RAISE MOSTLY SHEEP
LEASE THEIR GRAZING LAND
RELY ON FEEDLOTS
RAISE LIVESTOCK PRIMARILY FOR EXPORT
USE PRACTICES DEVELOPED BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
THE GROWTH OF ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL
PRACTICES SUCH AS GROING OF AMARANTH
GRAIN AND THE RAISING OF DEER, ELK, EMUS,
AND BUFFALO FOR MEAT IS LIMITED BECAUSE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE DIETARY LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES ARE RESTRICTIVE
THE GROWERS HAVE NOT ESTABLISHED AN INTEGRATED COMMODITY CHAIN
THE ANIMALS AND GRAIN ARE DIFFICULT TO RAISE
IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DOMESTICATE NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS
THE HIGH PROTEIN CONTENT OF THESE MEAT AND GRAINS IS THROUGH TO BE UNHEALTHY
THE GROWTH OF ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL
PRACTICES SUCH AS GROING OF AMARANTH
GRAIN AND THE RAISING OF DEER, ELK, EMUS,
AND BUFFALO FOR MEAT IS LIMITED BECAUSE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE DIETARY LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES ARE RESTRICTIVE
THE GROWERS HAVE NOT ESTABLISHED AN INTEGRATED COMMODITY CHAIN
THE ANIMALS AND GRAIN ARE DIFFICULT TO RAISE
IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DOMESTICATE NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS
THE HIGH PROTEIN CONTENT OF THESE MEAT AND GRAINS IS THROUGH TO BE UNHEALTHY
ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT PLANT
DOMESTICATION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT ORIGINATED IN MARGINAL AREAS WITH LIMITED FOOD RESOURCES.
IT FIRST OCCURRED IN DIVERSIFIED HABITATS WITH A VARIETY OF SPECIES.
IT WAS DEVELOPED BY FARMERS WHO WERE STARVING AND DESPERATE FOR FOOD.
IT OWES ITS ORIGINS TO THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS.
IT WAS AT FIRST DEPENDENT ON IRRIGATION.
ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT PLANT
DOMESTICATION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT ORIGINATED IN MARGINAL AREAS WITH LIMITED FOOD RESOURCES.
IT FIRST OCCURRED IN DIVERSIFIED HABITATS WITH A VARIETY OF SPECIES.
IT WAS DEVELOPED BY FARMERS WHO WERE STARVING AND DESPERATE FOR FOOD.
IT OWES ITS ORIGINS TO THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS.
IT WAS AT FIRST DEPENDENT ON IRRIGATION.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE
ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF LOWLAND
RICE PRODUCTION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CHEAP LABOR
YEAR-ROUND GROWING SEASONS
PROXIMITY TO MARKET
ABUNDANT WATER
ALLUVIAL SOIL
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE
ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF LOWLAND
RICE PRODUCTION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CHEAP LABOR
YEAR-ROUND GROWING SEASONS
PROXIMITY TO MARKET
ABUNDANT WATER
ALLUVIAL SOIL
A FOOD ASSEMBLAGE THAT INCLUDES
OLIVES, PITA, BREAD, CHEESE, FIGS, LAMB,
AND WINE IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SPAIN
GREECE
MEXICO
FRANCE
RUSSIA
A FOOD ASSEMBLAGE THAT INCLUDES
OLIVES, PITA, BREAD, CHEESE, FIGS, LAMB,
AND WINE IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SPAIN
GREECE
MEXICO
FRANCE
RUSSIA
LABOR-INTENSIVE INTERTILLAGE IS OFTEN
PRACTICED IN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE CANADIAN WHEAT BELT
SOUTHEAST ASIA
THE TURKISH HIGHLANDS
THE ENGLISH COUNTRYSIDE
NEW ZEALAND
LABOR-INTENSIVE INTERTILLAGE IS OFTEN
PRACTICED IN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE CANADIAN WHEAT BELT
SOUTHEAST ASIA
THE TURKISH HIGHLANDS
THE ENGLISH COUNTRYSIDE
NEW ZEALAND
THE STATE OF FLORIDA EARNS GREATER REVENUES
FROM THE EXPORT OF ORANGES THAN DOES THE
STATE OF GEORGIA. THIS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
FLORIDA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.
GEORGIA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.
FLORIDA’S ECONOMY IS PRIMARILY BASED ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.
GEORGIA’S ECONOMY IS FOCUSED ON TOURISM AND MANUFACTURING.
UNLIKE FLORIDA, GEORGIA HAS NO COASTAL PORT FACILITIES.
THE STATE OF FLORIDA EARNS GREATER REVENUES
FROM THE EXPORT OF ORANGES THAN DOES THE
STATE OF GEORGIA. THIS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
FLORIDA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.
GEORGIA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.
FLORIDA’S ECONOMY IS PRIMARILY BASED ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.
GEORGIA’S ECONOMY IS FOCUSED ON TOURISM AND MANUFACTURING.
UNLIKE FLORIDA, GEORGIA HAS NO COASTAL PORT FACILITIES.
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IS ALWAYS
CHARACTERIZED BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DOUBLE-CROPPING OF SPECIFIC GRAINS.
EXTENSIVE USE OF THE LAND.
PRODUCTION ONLY FOR FAMILY CONSUMPTION.
PRODUCTION ONLY FOR TRADE.
IRRIGATION AND INORGANIC FERTILIZATION.
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IS ALWAYS
CHARACTERIZED BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DOUBLE-CROPPING OF SPECIFIC GRAINS.
EXTENSIVE USE OF THE LAND.
PRODUCTION ONLY FOR FAMILY CONSUMPTION.
PRODUCTION ONLY FOR TRADE.
IRRIGATION AND INORGANIC FERTILIZATION.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PAIRS OF AGRICULTURAL
TYPES OCCUPIES THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE OF THE
WORLD’S TOTAL LAND AREA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PLANTATION AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED HORTICULTURE.
CATTLE RANCHING AND MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE.
WHEAT FARMING AND DAIRYING.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION AND NOMADIC HERDING.
INTENSIVE RICE CULTIVATION AND SUBSISTENCE FARMING.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PAIRS OF AGRICULTURAL
TYPES OCCUPIES THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE OF THE
WORLD’S TOTAL LAND AREA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PLANTATION AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED HORTICULTURE.
CATTLE RANCHING AND MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE.
WHEAT FARMING AND DAIRYING.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION AND NOMADIC HERDING.
INTENSIVE RICE CULTIVATION AND SUBSISTENCE FARMING.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
EXAMPLE OF EXTENSIVE LAND USE IN
AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CATTLE FEEDLOT
A GREENHOUSE
AN EGG-PRODUCTION FACILITY
A SHEEP RANCH
A BACKYARD GARDEN
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
EXAMPLE OF EXTENSIVE LAND USE IN
AGRICULTURE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CATTLE FEEDLOT
A GREENHOUSE
AN EGG-PRODUCTION FACILITY
A SHEEP RANCH
A BACKYARD GARDEN
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST
ACCURATE WITH REGARD TO FOOD
PREFERENCES
AND
TABOOS?
a. FOOD PREFERENCES AREA STRONGER THAN TABOOS AS SEEN BY THE HIGH CONSUMPTION OF BEEF ON
THE DECCAN PLATEAU.
b.
c.
d.
e.
FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS HAVE LITTLE INFLUENCE ON THE DIET IN ARABIA AND SOUTHEAST
ASIA.
SOME FOODS ARE AVOIDED FOR RELIGIOUS OR CULTURAL REASONS EVEN AT THE EXPENSE OF A
BALANCED DIET.
FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS SHOW LITTLE VARIABILITY BETWEEN CULTURES.
LOW HOG PRODUCTION IN CHINA DEMONSTRATES AN AVOIDANCE OF PORK BY THE CHINESE.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST
ACCURATE WITH REGARD TO FOOD
PREFERENCES
AND
TABOOS?
a. FOOD PREFERENCES AREA STRONGER THAN TABOOS AS SEEN BY THE HIGH CONSUMPTION OF BEEF ON
THE DECCAN PLATEAU.
b.
c.
d.
e.
FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS HAVE LITTLE INFLUENCE ON THE DIET IN ARABIA AND SOUTHEAST
ASIA.
SOME FOODS ARE AVOIDED FOR RELIGIOUS OR CULTURAL REASONS EVEN AT THE EXPENSE OF A
BALANCED DIET.
FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS SHOW LITTLE VARIABILITY BETWEEN CULTURES.
LOW HOG PRODUCTION IN CHINA DEMONSTRATES AN AVOIDANCE OF PORK BY THE CHINESE.
DURING THE WINTER MONTHS IN NORTH
AMERICA, THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOUND IN
GROCERY STORES IS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
URUGUAY
CHILE
NIGERIA
PHILIPPINES
ITALY
DURING THE WINTER MONTHS IN NORTH
AMERICA, THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOUND IN
GROCERY STORES IS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
URUGUAY
CHILE
NIGERIA
PHILIPPINES
ITALY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTS
IS PREDICTED BY THE NON THUNEN MODEL
OF LAND USE AROUND CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LARGE SCALE GROWING OF FLOWERS AND VEGETABLES IN THE NETHERLANDS.
LARGE SCALE RUBBER PLANTATIONS IN MALAYSIA
LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL FISHING IN JAPAN
EXTENSIVE CATTLE RAISING IN NORTHERN FRANCE
VERY LARGE DAIRY FARMS IN UTAH AND SOUTHERN IIDAHO
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTS
IS PREDICTED BY THE NON THUNEN MODEL
OF LAND USE AROUND CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LARGE SCALE GROWING OF FLOWERS AND VEGETABLES IN THE NETHERLANDS.
LARGE SCALE RUBBER PLANTATIONS IN MALAYSIA
LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL FISHING IN JAPAN
EXTENSIVE CATTLE RAISING IN NORTHERN FRANCE
VERY LARGE DAIRY FARMS IN UTAH AND SOUTHERN IIDAHO
a.
b.
ON THE MAP ABOVE, THE SHADED AREA IS c.
MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE d.
FOLLOWING TYPES OF AGRICULTURE?
e.
TRUCK FARMING
PLANTATION AGRICULTURE
SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION
RICE CULTIVATION
DAIRY FARMING
a.
b.
ON THE MAP ABOVE, THE SHADED AREA IS c.
MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE d.
FOLLOWING TYPES OF AGRICULTURE?
e.
TRUCK FARMING
PLANTATION AGRICULTURE
SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION
RICE CULTIVATION
DAIRY FARMING
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IS MOST LIKELY TO
PRODUCE THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF FOOD
PER UNIT OF LAND?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION
HUNTING AND GATHERING
EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
PASTORAL NOMADISM
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IS MOST LIKELY TO
PRODUCE THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF FOOD
PER UNIT OF LAND?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION
HUNTING AND GATHERING
EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
PASTORAL NOMADISM
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A
SIGNIFICATION FACTOR IN THE DRAMATIC
INCREASE IN GLOBAL FOOD PRODUCTION
TH
SINCE THE MID 20 CENTURY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A SIGNIFICATION INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF CULTIVATED LAND
THE GROWING OF SPECIALIZED CROPS BASED ON PROFITABILITY
THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER-YIELDING VARIETIES OF CROPS
THE SPREAD OF AGRIBUSINESS TO SOME DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
THE EXPANDED USE OF FERTILIZERS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A
SIGNIFICATION FACTOR IN THE DRAMATIC
INCREASE IN GLOBAL FOOD PRODUCTION
SINCE THE MID 20TH CENTURY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A SIGNIFICATION INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF CULTIVATED LAND
THE GROWING OF SPECIALIZED CROPS BASED ON PROFITABILITY
THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER-YIELDING VARIETIES OF CROPS
THE SPREAD OF AGRIBUSINESS TO SOME DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
THE EXPANDED USE OF FERTILIZERS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIVER VALLEYS
HAS BEEN MOST ASSOCIATED WITH
INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED ON
IRRIGATION SINCE ANCIENT TIMES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
NILE RIVER
AMAZON RIVER
MISSISSIPPI RIVER
THAMES RIVER
VOLGA RIVER
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIVER VALLEYS
HAS BEEN MOST ASSOCIATED WITH
INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED ON
IRRIGATION SINCE ANCIENT TIMES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
NILE RIVER
AMAZON RIVER
MISSISSIPPI RIVER
THAMES RIVER
VOLGA RIVER
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FARMING
PRACTICES TODAY IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
FARMERS ARE NOW EARNING LARGE PROFITS BECAUSE MARKET PRICES HAVE GONE UP
FEW PEOPLE PRACTICE FARMING, ESPECIALLY SINCE LARGE FARMS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES NOW
FEED THE WORLD
SMALL-SIZE FARMERS ARE NOW LINKING WITH FOREIGN SOURCES FOR SUPPLIES AND MARKETS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FARMING
PRACTICES TODAY IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
FARMERS ARE NOW EARNING LARGE PROFITS BECAUSE MARKET PRICES HAVE GONE UP
FEW PEOPLE PRACTICE FARMING, ESPECIALLY SINCE LARGE FARMS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES NOW
FEED THE WORLD
SMALL-SIZE FARMERS ARE NOW LINKING WITH FOREIGN SOURCES FOR SUPPLIES AND MARKETS
VON THUNEN’S PATTERN OF RINGS THAT
EXPLAINS THE SPATIAL LAYOUT OF FARMING
EMPHASIZES THE NEED TO APPLY INTENSIVE
AGRICULTURE IN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE MARKET CENTER
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3
ZONE 4
VON THUNEN’S PATTERN OF RINGS THAT
EXPLAINS THE SPATIAL LAYOUT OF FARMING
EMPHASIZES THE NEED TO APPLY INTENSIVE
AGRICULTURE IN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE MARKET CENTER
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3
ZONE 4
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOODS WAS
UNKNOWN IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
BEFORE THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE OF THE
TH
TH
LATE 15 AND 16 CENTURIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN
BEANS
SQUASH
WHEAT
POTATOES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOODS WAS
UNKNOWN IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
BEFORE THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE OF THE
TH
TH
LATE 15 AND 16 CENTURIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN
BEANS
SQUASH
WHEAT
POTATOES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS
ABOUT LANDS WHERE MEDITERRANEAN
AGRICULTURE IS PRACTICED IS
INACCURATE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THEY BORDER SEAS AND OCEANS.
THEY ARE ON THE EAST COAST OF CONTINENTS
SUMMERS ARE HOT AND DRY
LAND IS OFTEN HILLY OR MOUNTAINOUS
FARMING IS OFTEN DONE ON NARROW STRIPS OF LAND ALONG THE COAST
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS
ABOUT LANDS WHERE MEDITERRANEAN
AGRICULTURE IS PRACTICED IS
INACCURATE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THEY BORDER SEAS AND OCEANS.
THEY ARE ON THE EAST COAST OF CONTINENTS
SUMMERS ARE HOT AND DRY
LAND IS OFTEN HILLY OR MOUNTAINOUS
FARMING IS OFTEN DONE ON NARROW STRIPS OF LAND ALONG THE COAST
A NICKNAME FOR THE SHADED AREAS ON
THE MAP ABOVE IS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN CENTER OF THE WORLD
BREADBASKET OF THE WORLD
RICE BOWL OF THE WORLD
SHEEP RAISING CENTER OF THE WORLD
THE PAMPAS OF THE WORLD
A NICKNAME FOR THE SHADED AREAS ON
THE MAP ABOVE IS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN CENTER OF THE WORLD
BREADBASKET OF THE WORLD
RICE BOWL OF THE WORLD
SHEEP RAISING CENTER OF THE WORLD
THE PAMPAS OF THE WORLD
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BUILDING
STYLES IS MISMATCHED WITH AN AREA OF
USE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
WOOD/NORTH AMERICA
OVEN-BAKED BLOCKS OF CEMENT/MIDDLE EAST
WET MUD MIXED WITH STRAW/NORTHERN CHINA
STONE/ANDES MOUNTAINS
WATTLE/AFRICA
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BUILDING
STYLES IS MISMATCHED WITH AN AREA OF
USE?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
WOOD/NORTH AMERICA
OVEN-BAKED BLOCKS OF CEMENT/MIDDLE EAST
WET MUD MIXED WITH STRAW/NORTHERN CHINA
STONE/ANDES MOUNTAINS
WATTLE/AFRICA
WHICH OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE CHART
ABOVE IS MOST CLEARLY IN THE POST
INDUSTRIAL ERA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
COUNTRY A
COUNTRY B
COUNTRY C
COUNTRY D
COUNTRY E
WHICH OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE CHART
ABOVE IS MOST CLEARLY IN THE POST
INDUSTRIAL ERA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
COUNTRY A
COUNTRY B
COUNTRY C
COUNTRY D
COUNTRY E
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A
CHANGE BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
INCREASE IN RELIABLE FOOD SUPPLIES
JOB SPECIALIZATION
STABILIZATION OF POPULATION GROWTH
WIDENING OF GENDER DIFFERENCES
DEVELOPMENT OF DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN SETTLED PEOPLE AND NOMADS.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A
CHANGE BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
INCREASE IN RELIABLE FOOD SUPPLIES
JOB SPECIALIZATION
STABILIZATION OF POPULATION GROWTH
WIDENING OF GENDER DIFFERENCES
DEVELOPMENT OF DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN SETTLED PEOPLE AND NOMADS.
ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, VEGETATIVE
PLANTING PROBABLY ORIGINATED IN THE
DIVERSE CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EAST AFRICA
NORTHERN ASIA
WESTERN EUROPE
MESOAMERICA
SOUTHEAST ASIA
ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, VEGETATIVE
PLANTING PROBABLY ORIGINATED IN THE
DIVERSE CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EAST AFRICA
NORTHERN ASIA
WESTERN EUROPE
MESOAMERICA
SOUTHEAST ASIA
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CROPS
ORIGINATED IN SOUTH AMERICA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
WHEAT
BANANAS
POTATOES
RICE
CITRUS FRUITS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CROPS
ORIGINATED IN SOUTH AMERICA?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
WHEAT
BANANAS
POTATOES
RICE
CITRUS FRUITS
THE MAP ABOVE SHOWS MAJOR REGIONS
OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
PASTORAL NOMADISM
MIXED CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMING
SHIFTING CULTIVATION
PLANTATION FARMING
THE MAP ABOVE SHOWS MAJOR REGIONS
OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING
PASTORAL NOMADISM
MIXED CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMING
SHIFTING CULTIVATION
PLANTATION FARMING
A DISTINCTIVE BUILDING STYLE IN THE
ANDES MOUNTAINS MAKE USE OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
OVEN-BAKED BRICK
WOOD AND STRAW
NATURAL STONE WITH NO MORTAR
WATTLE
SUN-DRIED BRICKS
A DISTINCTIVE BUILDING STYLE IN THE
ANDES MOUNTAINS MAKE USE OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
OVEN-BAKED BRICK
WOOD AND STRAW
NATURAL STONE WITH NO MORTAR
WATTLE
SUN-DRIED BRICKS
THE LONG-LOT SURVEY SYSTEM DIVIDES
LAND INTO NARROW PARCELS WITH THE
INTENTION OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GIVING MORE PEOPLE ACCESS TO TRANSPORTATION
ALLOWING NEIGHBORS TO HELP ONE ANOTHER WITH HARVESTS
FAIRLY DISTRIBUTING NATURAL RESOURCES
ENCOURAGING SETTLERS TO DISPERSE EVENLY ACROSS THE INTERIOR FARMLANDS
ENCOURAGING THE PRACTICE OF PRIMOGENITURE
THE LONG-LOT SURVEY SYSTEM DIVIDES
LAND INTO NARROW PARCELS WITH THE
INTENTION OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GIVING MORE PEOPLE ACCESS TO TRANSPORTATION
ALLOWING NEIGHBORS TO HELP ONE ANOTHER WITH HARVESTS
FAIRLY DISTRIBUTING NATURAL RESOURCES
ENCOURAGING SETTLERS TO DISPERSE EVENLY ACROSS THE INTERIOR FARMLANDS
ENCOURAGING THE PRACTICE OF PRIMOGENITURE
THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY, LABORATORIES
DEVELOPED IR8 AND IR 36, HYBRID
VARIETIES OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN
WHEAT
RICE
BEANS
SORGHUM
THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY, LABORATORIES
DEVELOPED IR8 AND IR 36, HYBRID
VARIETIES OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
CORN
WHEAT
RICE
BEANS
SORGHUM
ABOUT HALF OF ALL CORN AND ABOUT ONE
QUARTER OF ALL WHEAT EXPORTS COME
FROM
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE UNITED STATES
CHINA
INDIA
EUROPE
AFRICA
ABOUT HALF OF ALL CORN AND ABOUT ONE
QUARTER OF ALL WHEAT EXPORTS COME
FROM
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE UNITED STATES
CHINA
INDIA
EUROPE
AFRICA
MODERN GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PATTERNS
STILL FOLLOW COLONIAL PATTERNS
BECAUSE POOR COUNTRIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DO NOT PARTICIPATE IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET
PROVIDE MORE SUPPORT FOR INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
STILL PRODUCE RAW MATERIALS FOR CONSUMPTION BY PEOPLE IN RICHER COUNTRIES
TRADE MAINLY WITH ONE ANOTHER
RELY MORE HEAVILY THAN RICH NATIONS ON MACHINERY AND FERTILIZER
MODERN GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PATTERNS
STILL FOLLOW COLONIAL PATTERNS
BECAUSE POOR COUNTRIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DO NOT PARTICIPATE IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET
PROVIDE MORE SUPPORT FOR INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
STILL PRODUCE RAW MATERIALS FOR CONSUMPTION BY PEOPLE IN RICHER COUNTRIES
TRADE MAINLY WITH ONE ANOTHER
RELY MORE HEAVILY THAN RICH NATIONS ON MACHINERY AND FERTILIZER
THE FARMING PRACTICES OF ENCLOSURE
AND CROP ROTATION WERE IMPORTANT
INNOVATIONS OF THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
SECOND AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
GREEN REVOLUTION
THIRD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
THE FARMING PRACTICES OF ENCLOSURE
AND CROP ROTATION WERE IMPORTANT
INNOVATIONS OF THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
SECOND AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
GREEN REVOLUTION
THIRD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS,
SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL FINANCIAL FUNCTIONS,
AND A POLARIZED SOCIAL STRUCTURE ARE
DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
PRIMATE CITIES
ENTREPOTS
FORWARD CAPITALS
WORLD CITIES
EDGE CITIES
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS,
SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL FINANCIAL FUNCTIONS,
AND A POLARIZED SOCIAL STRUCTURE ARE
DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
PRIMATE CITIES
ENTREPOTS
FORWARD CAPITALS
WORLD CITIES
EDGE CITIES
PRIOR TO 1850 THE LOCATION OF ALL
MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN CITIES WAS
RELATED, CHIEFLY, TO THE PRESENCE OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROADS
DEFENSIVE SITES
RAILROAD JUNCTIONS
NAVIGABLE WATERWAYS
WATER POWER
PRIOR TO 1850 THE LOCATION OF ALL
MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN CITIES WAS
RELATED, CHIEFLY, TO THE PRESENCE OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROADS
DEFENSIVE SITES
RAILROAD JUNCTIONS
NAVIGABLE WATERWAYS
WATER POWER
THE ALIGNMENT OF ANCIENT CHINESE CITIES
TOWARD THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS (N,S,E,W) BEST
ILLUSTRATES THE IMPORTANCE OF WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACTORS IN THE SHAPING OF THESE
EARLY CITIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
BELIEF SYSTEMS
TOPOGRAPHY
ECONOMICS
GENDER
TECHNOLOGY
THE ALIGNMENT OF ANCIENT CHINESE CITIES
TOWARD THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS (N,S,E,W) BEST
ILLUSTRATES THE IMPORTANCE OF WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING FACTORS IN THE SHAPING OF THESE
EARLY CITIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
BELIEF SYSTEMS
TOPOGRAPHY
ECONOMICS
GENDER
TECHNOLOGY
AN URBAN CENTER THAT IS DISPROPORTIONALLY
LARGER THAN THE SECOND LARGEST CITY IS A
COUNTRY AND THAT DOMINATES THE COUNTRY’S
SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES CAN
BE BEST CLASSIFIED AS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A MEGALOPOLIS
A CONURBATION
A PRIMATE CITY
AN EDGE CITY
AN IMPERIAL CITY
AN URBAN CENTER THAT IS DISPROPORTIONALLY
LARGER THAN THE SECOND LARGEST CITY IS A
COUNTRY AND THAT DOMINATES THE COUNTRY’S
SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES CAN
BE BEST CLASSIFIED AS
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A MEGALOPOLIS
A CONURBATION
A PRIMATE CITY
AN EDGE CITY
AN IMPERIAL CITY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS USEFUL FOR
DESCRIBING A SETTLEMENT NODE WHOSE
PRIMARY FUNCTION IS TO PROVIDE FOR
THE POPULATION IN ITS HINTERLAND?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
VON THUNEN’S MODEL OF LAND USE
CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL
CORE-PERIPHERY MODEL
ROSTOW’S MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
CHRISTALLER’S MODEL OF CENTRAL PLACE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS USEFUL FOR
DESCRIBING A SETTLEMENT NODE WHOSE
PRIMARY FUNCTION IS TO PROVIDE FOR
THE POPULATION IN ITS HINTERLAND?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
VON THUNEN’S MODEL OF LAND USE
CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL
CORE-PERIPHERY MODEL
ROSTOW’S MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
CHRISTALLER’S MODEL OF CENTRAL PLACE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MOST CLOSELY
DESCRIBES THE LEADING TREND IN
RETAILING IN THE UNITED STATES DURING
THE 1950S, 1970S, AND 1990S?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1950s
1970s,
1990s
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
SHOPPING MALL
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
SHOPPING MALL
SHOPPING MALL
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
SHOPPING MALL
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
SHOPPING MALL
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MOST CLOSELY
DESCRIBES THE LEADING TREND IN
RETAILING IN THE UNITED STATES DURING
THE 1950S, 1970S, AND 1990S?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1950s
1970s,
1990s
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
SHOPPING MALL
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
SHOPPING MALL
SHOPPING MALL
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
SHOPPING MALL
“BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE
SHOPPING MALL
DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A REASON
FOR RAPID SUBURBANIZATION IN THE UNITED
STATES AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MASS PRODUCTION OF THE AUTOMOBILE
REDUCTION IN LONG-DISTANCE COMMUTING
EXPANSION OF HOME CONSTRUCTION
EXPANSION OF THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM
AVAILABILITY OF LOW DOWN PAYMENT TERMS AND LONG-TERM MORTGAGES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A REASON
FOR RAPID SUBURBANIZATION IN THE UNITED
STATES AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MASS PRODUCTION OF THE AUTOMOBILE
REDUCTION IN LONG-DISTANCE COMMUTING
EXPANSION OF HOME CONSTRUCTION
EXPANSION OF THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM
AVAILABILITY OF LOW DOWN PAYMENT TERMS AND LONG-TERM MORTGAGES
ACCORDING TO THE RANK-SIZE RULE, IF HE
LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY HAS A
POPULATION OF 10 MILLION, THE NEXT
LARGEST CITY WILL HAVE A POPULATION OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
9 MILLION
8 MILLION
7.5 MILLION
5 MILLION
3.5 MILLION
ACCORDING TO THE RANK-SIZE RULE, IF HE
LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY HAS A
POPULATION OF 10 MILLION, THE NEXT
LARGEST CITY WILL HAVE A POPULATION OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
9 MILLION
8 MILLION
7.5 MILLION
5 MILLION
3.5 MILLION
ACCORDING TO THE SECTOR MODEL OF NORTH
AMERICAN CITY STRUCTURE, MEMBERS OF LOW
INCOME GROUPS TEND TO LIVE IN WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING PLACES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE INNER CITY ONLY
PERIPHERAL TEMPORARY SETTLEMENTS
LINEAR RESIDENTIAL AREAS RADIATING FROM THE CENTER CITY OUTWARD
EVENLY DISPERSED THROUGHOUT THE URBAN AREA
THE SUBURBS AND RURAL AREAS ONLY
ACCORDING TO THE SECTOR MODEL OF NORTH
AMERICAN CITY STRUCTURE, MEMBERS OF LOW
INCOME GROUPS TEND TO LIVE IN WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING PLACES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE INNER CITY ONLY
PERIPHERAL TEMPORARY SETTLEMENTS
LINEAR RESIDENTIAL AREAS RADIATING FROM THE CENTER CITY OUTWARD
EVENLY DISPERSED THROUGHOUT THE URBAN AREA
THE SUBURBS AND RURAL AREAS ONLY
CENTRALITY OF STOCK EXCHANGES,
TRANSPORTATION, RETAIL BUSINESSES,
AND ENTERTAINMENT OFFERINGS, AS WELL
AS A DISPROPORTIONATE SHARE OF
WEALTHY PEOPLE ARE DEFINING
a. EDGE CITIES
CHARACTERISTICS OF b. MANUFACTURING CITIES
c.
d.
e.
FORWARD CAPITALS
GHETTOIZED CITIES
WORLD CITIES
CENTRALITY OF STOCK EXCHANGES,
TRANSPORTATION, RETAIL BUSINESSES,
AND ENTERTAINMENT OFFERINGS, AS WELL
AS A DISPROPORTIONATE SHARE OF
WEALTHY PEOPLE ARE DEFINING
a. EDGE CITIES
CHARACTERISTICS OF b. MANUFACTURING CITIES
c.
d.
e.
FORWARD CAPITALS
GHETTOIZED CITIES
WORLD CITIES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AN
EDGE CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT IS LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF A LAKE, RIVER, OR OTHER PHYSICAL FEATURE.
IT IS CLOSE TO BANKRUPTCY.
IT IS AN OUTLET FOR A REGION’S TRADE.
IT IS INCREASINGLY USED FOR HEAVY INDUSTRY.
IT HAS A LARGE AMOUNT OF RECENTLY DEVELOPED RETAIL AND OFFICE SPACE.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AN
EDGE CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT IS LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF A LAKE, RIVER, OR OTHER PHYSICAL FEATURE.
IT IS CLOSE TO BANKRUPTCY.
IT IS AN OUTLET FOR A REGION’S TRADE.
IT IS INCREASINGLY USED FOR HEAVY INDUSTRY.
IT HAS A LARGE AMOUNT OF RECENTLY DEVELOPED RETAIL AND OFFICE SPACE.
AN INCREASE IN THE DEMAND FOR A CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES
PRODUCES RAPID IN-MIGRATION. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
EXPLAINS WHY A CITY OFTEN DOES NOT EXPERIENCE A
CORRESPONDING OUT-MIGRATION WHEN THE DEMAND FOR ITS
GOODS AND SERVICES DECLINE?
a. MOST COUNTRIES HAVE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO KEEP WORKERS IN PLACE
TO PROVIDE A RESERVOIR OF CHEAP LABOR.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MOST COUNTRIES HAVE STRICT CONTROLS ON MIGRATION THAT LIMIT INTERCITY MOVEMENT.
UNEMPLOYED WORKERS HAVE SKILLS THAT MAY NOT EASILY TRANSFER TO A NEW CITY.
FAMILY AND EMOTIONAL BONDS TO THE CITY MANY LIMIT WORKERS’ MOBILITY.
THE DECLINE IN DEMAND FOR THE CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES INDICATES THAT THE COUNTRY’S
ENTIRE ECONOMY IS IN DECLINE, THEREFORE WORKERS HAVE NO PLACE TO GO.
AN INCREASE IN THE DEMAND FOR A CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES
PRODUCES RAPID IN-MIGRATION. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
EXPLAINS WHY A CITY OFTEN DOES NOT EXPERIENCE A
CORRESPONDING OUT-MIGRATION WHEN THE DEMAND FOR ITS
GOODS AND SERVICES DECLINE?
a. MOST COUNTRIES HAVE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO KEEP WORKERS IN PLACE
TO PROVIDE A RESERVOIR OF CHEAP LABOR.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MOST COUNTRIES HAVE STRICT CONTROLS ON MIGRATION THAT LIMIT INTERCITY MOVEMENT.
UNEMPLOYED WORKERS HAVE SKILLS THAT MAY NOT EASILY TRANSFER TO A NEW CITY.
FAMILY AND EMOTIONAL BONDS TO THE CITY MANY LIMIT WORKERS’ MOBILITY.
THE DECLINE IN DEMAND FOR THE CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES INDICATES THAT THE COUNTRY’S
ENTIRE ECONOMY IS IN DECLINE, THEREFORE WORKERS HAVE NO PLACE TO GO.
CENTRAL PLACE THEORY DESCRIBES THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBAN AND OUTLYING AREAS BASED ON THE FLOW OF GOODS AND SERVICES.
TENDENCY OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS TO CONGREGATE IN A SINGLE LOCATION.
TENDENCY OF CIVILIZATIONS TO FORM AROUND CERTAIN NATURAL FEATURES.
OUTWARD RADIATION OF CULTURAL PATTERNS FROM A CENTRAL PLACE.
TENDENCY OF WEALTH TO CONCENTRATE IN URBAN CORE AREAS.
CENTRAL PLACE THEORY DESCRIBES THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBAN AND OUTLYING AREAS BASED ON THE FLOW OF GOODS AND SERVICES.
TENDENCY OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS TO CONGREGATE IN A SINGLE LOCATION.
TENDENCY OF CIVILIZATIONS TO FORM AROUND CERTAIN NATURAL FEATURES.
OUTWARD RADIATION OF CULTURAL PATTERNS FROM A CENTRAL PLACE.
TENDENCY OF WEALTH TO CONCENTRATE IN URBAN CORE AREAS.
WHAT ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN OF BRASILIA,
CANBERRA, AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS DIFFERENT
FROM THE DESIGN OF MOST OTHER URBAN CENTERS?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THEY WERE DESIGNED AS SHOW PLACES TO REFLECT THE POWER AND WEALTH OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.
THEIR DESIGN WAS BASED LARGELY ON TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS TO ALLOW FOR EFFICIENT MOVEMENT OF RAW
MATERIALS AND FINISHED PRODUCTS.
THEY WERE PLANNED AROUND A MAJOR RIVER TO ALLOW EASE OF MOVEMENT OF FOODSTUFFS FROM THE HINTERLAND
TO THE CITY.
THEY WERE POSITIONED NEAR THE CENTER OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES TO HELP PROTECT THEM FROM ENEMY
ATTACK.
THEY WERE DESIGNED TO UTILIZE THE HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL OF THE NEARBY RIVERS TO ATTRACT MANUFACTURING
FIRMS.
WHAT ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN OF BRASILIA,
CANBERRA, AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS DIFFERENT
FROM THE DESIGN OF MOST OTHER URBAN CENTERS?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THEY WERE DESIGNED AS SHOW PLACES TO REFLECT THE POWER AND WEALTH OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.
THEIR DESIGN WAS BASED LARGELY ON TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS TO ALLOW FOR EFFICIENT MOVEMENT OF RAW
MATERIALS AND FINISHED PRODUCTS.
THEY WERE PLANNED AROUND A MAJOR RIVER TO ALLOW EASE OF MOVEMENT OF FOODSTUFFS FROM THE HINTERLAND
TO THE CITY.
THEY WERE POSITIONED NEAR THE CENTER OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES TO HELP PROTECT THEM FROM ENEMY
ATTACK.
THEY WERE DESIGNED TO UTILIZE THE HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL OF THE NEARBY RIVERS TO ATTRACT MANUFACTURING
FIRMS.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MODELS OF URBAN STRUCTURE
DEPICTS A COMMERCIAL SPINE BORDERED BY ELITE
RESIDENTIAL SECTOR EXTENDING OUTWARD FROM THE
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
URBAN REALMS
CONCENTRIC ZONE
MULTIPLE NUCLEI
LATIN AMERICAN CITY
SOUTHEAST ASIAN CITY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MODELS OF URBAN STRUCTURE
DEPICTS A COMMERCIAL SPINE BORDERED BY ELITE
RESIDENTIAL SECTOR EXTENDING OUTWARD FROM THE
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
URBAN REALMS
CONCENTRIC ZONE
MULTIPLE NUCLEI
LATIN AMERICAN CITY
SOUTHEAST ASIAN CITY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBES A
PRIMATE CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT IS ECONOMICALLY AND POLITICALLY INTERCONNECTED TO OTHER CITIES IN THE WORLD.
IT IS DISPROPORTIONATELY LARGE IN RELATION TO THE NEXT LARGEST CITIES IN THAT COUNTRY.
IT IS SURROUNDED BY WALLS LIKE A FORTRESS.
IT IS LINKED BY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATORS TO AN IMPERIAL POWER.
IT IS PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH ITS ROLE AS A RELIGIOUS CENTER.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBES A
PRIMATE CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
IT IS ECONOMICALLY AND POLITICALLY INTERCONNECTED TO OTHER CITIES IN THE WORLD.
IT IS DISPROPORTIONATELY LARGE IN RELATION TO THE NEXT LARGEST CITIES IN THAT COUNTRY.
IT IS SURROUNDED BY WALLS LIKE A FORTRESS.
IT IS LINKED BY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATORS TO AN IMPERIAL POWER.
IT IS PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH ITS ROLE AS A RELIGIOUS CENTER.
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARGUMENTS ARE
CITED BY CRITICS OF MEGASTORES EXCEPT
THAT MEGASTORES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DESTROY LOCALLY OWNED STORES.
HOMOGENIZE THAT LANDSCAPE.
INCREASE TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION.
CONFORM TO THE DISTINCTIVENESS OF A REGION.
ARE OUTSIDERS WITH NO STAKE IN THE COMMUNITY.
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARGUMENTS ARE
CITED BY CRITICS OF MEGASTORES EXCEPT
THAT MEGASTORES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
DESTROY LOCALLY OWNED STORES.
HOMOGENIZE THAT LANDSCAPE.
INCREASE TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION.
CONFORM TO THE DISTINCTIVENESS OF A REGION.
ARE OUTSIDERS WITH NO STAKE IN THE COMMUNITY.
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WERE CRUCIAL TO
THE EMERGENCE OF THE FIRST CITIES
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
AN AGRICULTURAL SURPLUS
A STRATIFIED SOCIAL SYSTEM
LABOR SPECIALIZATION
A SYSTEM OF FOOD STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION
SEPARATION OF THE RULING SYSTEM AND THE RELIGIOUS SYSTEM
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WERE CRUCIAL TO
THE EMERGENCE OF THE FIRST CITIES
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
AN AGRICULTURAL SURPLUS
A STRATIFIED SOCIAL SYSTEM
LABOR SPECIALIZATION
A SYSTEM OF FOOD STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION
SEPARATION OF THE RULING SYSTEM AND THE RELIGIOUS SYSTEM
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS FOR
THE RISE OF SUBURBAN DEVELOPMENT IN
THE 1950S EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE BUILDING OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS
THE G.I. BILL OF RIGHTS
BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
THE DESIRE FOR MORE SPACE
PREFAB CONSTRUCTION METHODS
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS FOR
THE RISE OF SUBURBAN DEVELOPMENT IN
THE 1950S EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
THE BUILDING OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS
THE G.I. BILL OF RIGHTS
BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
THE DESIRE FOR MORE SPACE
PREFAB CONSTRUCTION METHODS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING REGIONS HAD
THE SMALLEST PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE
LIVING IN URBAN AREAS AT THE END OF THE
TWENTIETH CENTURY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
AUSTRALIA
SOUTH ASIA
NORTH AMERCE
EUROPE
SOUTH AMERICA
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING REGIONS HAD
THE SMALLEST PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE
LIVING IN URBAN AREAS AT THE END OF THE
TWENTIETH CENTURY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
AUSTRALIA
SOUTH ASIA
NORTH AMERCE
EUROPE
SOUTH AMERICA
THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL LINES, HIGHWAYS, AND
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS HAS CREATED CITIES THAT SEEM TO BE APART
FROM TRADITIONAL CENTRAL-PLACE HIERARCHIES BECAUSE THEY HAVE
DEVELOPED COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN
EXAMPLE OF THESE SO-CALLED NETWORK CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LONDON-BIRMINGHAM-LIVERPOOL
HONG KONG-SHANGHAI-BEIJING
MOSCOW-ST. PETERSBURG-KIEV
CLEVELAND-TOLEDO-CHICAGO
TOKYO-OSAKA-NAGASAKI
THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL LINES, HIGHWAYS, AND
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS HAS CREATED CITIES THAT SEEM TO BE APART
FROM TRADITIONAL CENTRAL-PLACE HIERARCHIES BECAUSE THEY HAVE
DEVELOPED COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN
EXAMPLE OF THESE SO-CALLED NETWORK CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
LONDON-BIRMINGHAM-LIVERPOOL
HONG KONG-SHANGHAI-BEIJING
MOSCOW-ST. PETERSBURG-KIEV
CLEVELAND-TOLEDO-CHICAGO
TOKYO-OSAKA-NAGASAKI
TH
DURING THE 19 CENTURY CITIES LIKE ST.
LOUIS, MISSOURI, OMAHA, NEBRASKA, AND
TOPEKA, KANSAS GREW RAPIDLY LARGELY
BECAUSE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
STEAMSHIPS
TRANSCONTINENTAL HIGHWAYS
RAILROADS
NEW SMELTING TECHNOLOGIES
NEW BANKING TECHNIQUES
DURING THE 19TH CENTURY CITIES LIKE ST.
LOUIS, MISSOURI, OMAHA, NEBRASKA, AND
TOPEKA, KANSAS GREW RAPIDLY LARGELY
BECAUSE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
STEAMSHIPS
TRANSCONTINENTAL HIGHWAYS
RAILROADS
NEW SMELTING TECHNOLOGIES
NEW BANKING TECHNIQUES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST
USEFUL IN DESCRIBING A LARGE URBAN
AREA CONSISTING OF AN INNER CITY
SURROUNDED BY SUBURBAN EDGE CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
HARRIS’S PERIPHERAL MODEL
HARRIS AND ULLMAN’S MULTI-NUCLEI MODEL
BURGESS’S CONCENTRIC MODEL
HOYT’S SECTOR MODEL
CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST
USEFUL IN DESCRIBING A LARGE URBAN
AREA CONSISTING OF AN INNER CITY
SURROUNDED BY SUBURBAN EDGE CITIES?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
HARRIS’S PERIPHERAL MODEL
HARRIS AND ULLMAN’S MULTI-NUCLEI MODEL
BURGESS’S CONCENTRIC MODEL
HOYT’S SECTOR MODEL
CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY
THE BASIC SECTOR OF A CITY’S ECONOMY
IS COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EXPORT ACTIVITIES
SERVICE JOBS AND ACTIVITIES
MANUFACTURING JOBS AND ACTIVITIES
RETAIL SALES
EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES
THE BASIC SECTOR OF A CITY’S ECONOMY
IS COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EXPORT ACTIVITIES
SERVICE JOBS AND ACTIVITIES
MANUFACTURING JOBS AND ACTIVITIES
RETAIL SALES
EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES
ACCORDING TO CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL
PLACE THEORY, TOWNS OF THE SAME SIZE
ARE EVENLY SPACED BECAUSE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TOWNS ARE USUALLY INDEPENDENT FROM ONE ANOTHER
GOODS WITH LOW THRESHOLDS ARE MORE BASIC TO TRADE THAN THOSE WITH HIGH THRESHOLDS
THEY ARE IN THE CENTER OF LIKE-SIZED MARKET AREAS
THEIR MARKETS OVERLAP AND PLACE THEM IN COMPETITION WITH ONE ANOTHER
THEY SERVE WITH DIFFERENT LIFE STYLES AND INCOME LEVELS
ACCORDING TO CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL
PLACE THEORY, TOWNS OF THE SAME SIZE
ARE EVENLY SPACED BECAUSE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
TOWNS ARE USUALLY INDEPENDENT FROM ONE ANOTHER
GOODS WITH LOW THRESHOLDS ARE MORE BASIC TO TRADE THAN THOSE WITH HIGH THRESHOLDS
THEY ARE IN THE CENTER OF LIKE-SIZED MARKET AREAS
THEIR MARKETS OVERLAP AND PLACE THEM IN COMPETITION WITH ONE ANOTHER
THEY SERVE WITH DIFFERENT LIFE STYLES AND INCOME LEVELS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IS
LEAST LIKELY TO BE BUILT IN OR CLOSE TO
THE CENTRAL CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS
SCHOOLS
PUBLIC LIBRARIES
PUBLIC PARKS
AUTOMOBILE SALES CENTERS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IS
LEAST LIKELY TO BE BUILT IN OR CLOSE TO
THE CENTRAL CITY?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS
SCHOOLS
PUBLIC LIBRARIES
PUBLIC PARKS
AUTOMOBILE SALES CENTERS
ALL MODELS FOR URBAN LAND USE
SUPPORT THE CONCEPT THAT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ALL CITIES HAVE ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS AREA THAT DOMINATES ALL OTHERS
MOST PEOPLE PREFER TO LIVE NEAR OTHERS WITH SIMILAR DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
LOWER INCOME PEOPLE TEND TO LIVE CLOSE TO THE CITY’S CENTER
SUBURBS ARE ALMOST COMPLETELY RESIDENTIAL
LAND USES DO NOT USUALLY CARRY OVER FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT
ALL MODELS FOR URBAN LAND USE
SUPPORT THE CONCEPT THAT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ALL CITIES HAVE ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS AREA THAT DOMINATES ALL OTHERS
MOST PEOPLE PREFER TO LIVE NEAR OTHERS WITH SIMILAR DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
LOWER INCOME PEOPLE TEND TO LIVE CLOSE TO THE CITY’S CENTER
SUBURBS ARE ALMOST COMPLETELY RESIDENTIAL
LAND USES DO NOT USUALLY CARRY OVER FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT
ACCORDING TO DATA FROM THE U.S.
CENSUS BUREAU, WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING IS LIKELY TO BE THE MOST
SEGREGATED BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE
RESIDENTS?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A SMALL TOWN IN THE SOUTH
A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE SOUTH
A METROPOLITAN AREA IS THE WEST
A SMALL TOWN IN THE WEST
A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE NORTHEAST
ACCORDING TO DATA FROM THE U.S.
CENSUS BUREAU, WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING IS LIKELY TO BE THE MOST
SEGREGATED BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE
RESIDENTS?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A SMALL TOWN IN THE SOUTH
A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE SOUTH
A METROPOLITAN AREA IS THE WEST
A SMALL TOWN IN THE WEST
A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE NORTHEAST
THE DENSITY GRADIENT DESCRIBES A
CHANGE AS DISTANCE INCREASES FROM
THE CENTER OF THE CITY IN THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SIZE OF HOUSES
AVERAGE INCOME OF RESIDENTS
NUMBER OF RESIDENTS AND HOUSES
AMOUNT OF OPEN SPACES
NUMBER OF BUSINESSES
THE DENSITY GRADIENT DESCRIBES A
CHANGE AS DISTANCE INCREASES FROM
THE CENTER OF THE CITY IN THE
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
SIZE OF HOUSES
AVERAGE INCOME OF RESIDENTS
NUMBER OF RESIDENTS AND HOUSES
AMOUNT OF OPEN SPACES
NUMBER OF BUSINESSES
“THE CENTRAL CITY OFTEN CONSISTS OF THREE CBS, THE
REMAINS OF THE COLONIAL CBD, AN INFORMAL OPEN-AIR
MARKET ZONE, AND A TRANSITIONAL BUSINESS CENTER
WHERE BUSINESS IS CONDUCTED IN LESS TRANSITORY,
BUT SOMEWHAT MAKESHIFT, BUILDINGS, STALLS, AND OR
STOREFRONTS.” THE PASSAGE ABOVE DESCRIBES ONE MODEL OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ASIAN CITIES
EUROPEAN CITIES
CITIES IN NORTHERN AFRICA
SUB-SAHARAN CITIES
LATIN AMERICAN CITIES
“THE CENTRAL CITY OFTEN CONSISTS OF THREE CBS, THE
REMAINS OF THE COLONIAL CBD, AN INFORMAL OPEN-AIR
MARKET ZONE, AND A TRANSITIONAL BUSINESS CENTER
WHERE BUSINESS IS CONDUCTED IN LESS TRANSITORY,
BUT SOMEWHAT MAKESHIFT, BUILDINGS, STALLS, AND OR
STOREFRONTS.” THE PASSAGE ABOVE DESCRIBES ONE MODEL OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
ASIAN CITIES
EUROPEAN CITIES
CITIES IN NORTHERN AFRICA
SUB-SAHARAN CITIES
LATIN AMERICAN CITIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A LARGE LAND SPACE AREA
SOCIAL HETEROGENEITY
CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS
SPECIALIZED JOBS
GOOD ACCESS TO WATER TRANSPORTATION
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A LARGE LAND SPACE AREA
SOCIAL HETEROGENEITY
CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS
SPECIALIZED JOBS
GOOD ACCESS TO WATER TRANSPORTATION
CITIES APPEARED DURING THE FORMATIVE
ERA (4000-2000 B.C.E.) IN ALL OF THE
FOLLOWING AREAS EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MESOPOTAMIA
MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY
INDUS RIVER VALLEY
NILE RIVER VALLEY
AEGEAN SEA
CITIES APPEARED DURING THE FORMATIVE
ERA (4000-2000 B.C.E.) IN ALL OF THE
FOLLOWING AREAS EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
MESOPOTAMIA
MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY
INDUS RIVER VALLEY
NILE RIVER VALLEY
AEGEAN SEA
THE TALLEST MOST ELABORATE BUILDINGS
IN MEDIEVAL CITIES IN EUROPE WERE
USUALLY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS
PALACES FOR KINGS
HOUSES FOR THE ELITES
CHURCHES
TRADE CENTERS
THE TALLEST MOST ELABORATE BUILDINGS
IN MEDIEVAL CITIES IN EUROPE WERE
USUALLY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS
PALACES FOR KINGS
HOUSES FOR THE ELITES
CHURCHES
TRADE CENTERS
A MEGACITY IS DEFINED BY THE UNITED
NATIONS AS A CITY WITH A POPULATION OF
MORE THAN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1 MILLION
5 MILLION
10 MILLION
20 MILLION
50 MILLION
A MEGACITY IS DEFINED BY THE UNITED
NATIONS AS A CITY WITH A POPULATION OF
MORE THAN
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1 MILLION
5 MILLION
10 MILLION
20 MILLION
50 MILLION
THE “ZONE OF TRANSITION” WAS
IDENTIFIED AS ONE AREA OF URBAN LAND
USE IN THE MODEL DESIGNED BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
E.W. BURGESS
WALTER CHRISTALLER
HOMER HOYT
HARRIS AND ULLMAN
LOUIS UIMAN
THE “ZONE OF TRANSITION” WAS
IDENTIFIED AS ONE AREA OF URBAN LAND
USE IN THE MODEL DESIGNED BY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
E.W. BURGESS
WALTER CHRISTALLER
HOMER HOYT
HARRIS AND ULLMAN
LOUIS UIMAN
THE MODEL OF URBAN LAND USE PICTURED
ABOVE IS DIFFERENT FROM EARLIER
MODELS IN THAT IT ARGUES THAT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CITY GROWS IN A SERIES OF SECTORS, NOT RINGS
A CITY GROWS FROM MULTIPLE NODES, NOT JUST FROM ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
INVASION AND SUCCESSION EXPLAINS NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGES
AN URBAN AREA CONSISTS OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY LARGE SUBURBAN AREAS
GREENBELTS SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN CITY PLANNING IN ORDER TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL
THE MODEL OF URBAN LAND USE PICTURED
ABOVE IS DIFFERENT FROM EARLIER
MODELS IN THAT IT ARGUES THAT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CITY GROWS IN A SERIES OF SECTORS, NOT RINGS
A CITY GROWS FROM MULTIPLE NODES, NOT JUST FROM ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
INVASION AND SUCCESSION EXPLAINS NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGES
AN URBAN AREA CONSISTS OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY LARGE SUBURBAN AREAS
GREENBELTS SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN CITY PLANNING IN ORDER TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL
AFTER THE 1960S, THE PRACTICE OF
CHANGING GHETTO BOUNDARIES BY
SHOWING HOUSES TO BLACKS IN WHITE
NEIGHBORHOODS AND TO WHITES IN
BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS WAS CALLED
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
REDLINING
BLOCKBUSTING
GHETTOIZATION
RACIAL STEERING
SMART GROWTH
AFTER THE 1960S, THE PRACTICE OF
CHANGING GHETTO BOUNDARIES BY
SHOWING HOUSES TO BLACKS IN WHITE
NEIGHBORHOODS AND TO WHITES IN
BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS WAS CALLED
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
REDLINING
BLOCKBUSTING
GHETTOIZATION
RACIAL STEERING
SMART GROWTH
“LOCAL GOVERNMENT FRAGMENTATION”
REFERS TO THE PHENOMENON OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CITY GOVERNMENT OPERATING SEPARATELY FROM THOSE OF ITS SUBURBS
MEMBERS OF COUNCILS OF GOVERNMENT DISAGREEING WITH ONE ANOTHER
COOPERATION AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ORDER TO SOLVE REGIONAL PROBLEMS
CONSOLIDATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO ONE SO THAT NO DIFFERENCES EXIST BETWEEN
COUNTY AND CITY GOVERNMENTS
SMART GROWTH TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL
“LOCAL GOVERNMENT FRAGMENTATION”
REFERS TO THE PHENOMENON OF
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A CITY GOVERNMENT OPERATING SEPARATELY FROM THOSE OF ITS SUBURBS
MEMBERS OF COUNCILS OF GOVERNMENT DISAGREEING WITH ONE ANOTHER
COOPERATION AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ORDER TO SOLVE REGIONAL PROBLEMS
CONSOLIDATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO ONE SO THAT NO DIFFERENCES EXIST BETWEEN
COUNTY AND CITY GOVERNMENTS
SMART GROWTH TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL
MANY CITIES HAVE ENCOURAGED
GENTRIFICATION IN ORDER TO
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PROMOTE SUBURBAN GROWTH
PROMOTE THE CONSTRUCTION OF MEGASTORES
SUPPORT AFFORDABILITY OF INNER CITY HOUSING FOR THE POOR
AVOID DEMOLISHING DETERIORATED INNER-CITY HOUSES
ENFORCING ZONING ORDINANCES
MANY CITIES HAVE ENCOURAGED
GENTRIFICATION IN ORDER TO
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
PROMOTE SUBURBAN GROWTH
PROMOTE THE CONSTRUCTION OF MEGASTORES
SUPPORT AFFORDABILITY OF INNER CITY HOUSING FOR THE POOR
AVOID DEMOLISHING DETERIORATED INNER-CITY HOUSES
ENFORCING ZONING ORDINANCES
A ZONE “IN SITU ACCRETION” AND A
DISAMENITY SECTOR WERE OBSERVED BY
ERNST GRIFFIN AND LARRY FORD IN THEIR
MODEL FOR CITIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EUROPE
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
THE MIDDLE EAST
ASIA
LATIN AMERICA
A ZONE “IN SITU ACCRETION” AND A
DISAMENITY SECTOR WERE OBSERVED BY
ERNST GRIFFIN AND LARRY FORD IN THEIR
MODEL FOR CITIES
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
EUROPE
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
THE MIDDLE EAST
ASIA
LATIN AMERICA

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