chapters 19 to 22

Report
CHAPTER 19: EL
FILIBUSTERISMO
PUBLISHED IN
GHENT
 Cost of printing in Ghent was
cheaper than in Brussels
 To escape from the enticing
attraction of Petite Suzanne
 He pawned his jewels
 in order to pay the down payment/
partial payments during the printing
of the novel
 VENTURA,
 SAVIOR OF FILI
 DEDICATED TO GOM-BUR-ZA
Befriended many Spanish officials
SIMOUN
FLED TO CUBA
Powerful figure: befriended the gov-gen
Encourages corruption
Plan of revenge
Promotes oppression of the masses
Smuggles arms
Wedding of Paulita Gomez and Julio
Pelaez
lamp
Isagani
Hastens the moral degradation of the
country so that the people may become
desperate and fight
Basilio
Paulita was in danger
Padre Florentino
Cabesang Tales
Home Refuge
Arrest was eluded: poison
Dispossed of his land by the friars
 Noli
 A romantic novel
 Fili
 little humor, less
idealism, and less
romance
 revolutionary,
more tragic than
the first novel
 Letter to Blumentritt
 NO POLITICS
 ETHICS
Sultan Zaide
Family: prisoner by the Spaniards during the wars in the Moluccas
and brought to Manila
were promised good treatment, but the Spaniards forgot their
promise and let them die one by one in misery
Kamandangan
The hero of the novel
Plotted to regain the lost freedom of his fathers
CHAPTER 20:
OPHTHALMIC
SURGEON IN HONG
KONG
 Reasons for
leaving Europe
 Life was
unbearable
 political
differences
with M.H. del
Pilar
 To be near his
country
running steamer
encountered a:
heavy squall
the door of the
dining room was
blown open
happy
family
reunion
 To earn a living for
himself:
 Rizal practiced
medicine
 A Portuguese
physician, Dr.
Lorenzo Marques:
 helped him to
build a wide
clientele
Weyler
establishment of a Filipino colony in North
Borneo (Sabah)
The British authorities of
Borneo
Hidalgo (Rizal’s brother in law)
Weyler was relieved of his
gubernatorial office
were willing to give the Filipino colonists 100k
acres of land for 999 years, free of all
charges.
Why should we go to a foreign land without first
exhausting all means for the welfare of the
country which nurtured us from our cradles?
Eulogio Despujol, the new governor, announced to the
Filipino people a fine program of government
Jose requested the governor-general to permit the
landless Filipinos to establish themselves in Borneo
Despujol did not give Rizal the courtesy
of a reply
Philippines lacked laborers and it was not very
patriotic to go off and cultivate foreign soil
 Rizal wrote “A Visit to
Victoria Gaol”
 contrasted the cruel
Spanish prison system
 the moderm and more
humane British prison
system
 Constitution of the La Liga
Filipina
 Most important
writing made in Hong
Kong
 To confer with Governor Despujol
regarding his:
 Borneo colonization project
 To establish:
 the Liga Filipina in Manila
 To prove that Eduardo de Lete was
wrong in attacking him in Madrid
 Rizal as cowardly, egoistic,
opportunistic – a patriot in
words only
 Why did del Pilar permit Lete to
write in the article? (protest of
Rizal to del Pilar)
 FIRST LETTER: ADDRESSED
TO HIS PARENTS AND
FRIENDS
 A man ought to die for duty
and his principles
 SECOND LETTER:
ADDRESSED TO THE
FILIPINOS
 I prefer death and cheerfully
shall relinquish life to free
so many innocent persons
 A secret case was filed in
Manila against Rizal and his
followers :
 “for anti-religious and
anti-patriotic agitation.”
 Despujol ordered his
secretary, Luis de la Torre,
to find out:
 if Rizal was naturalized
as a German citizen, as
was rumored,
 one “who had the
protection of a strong
nation.”
CHAPTER 21:
SECOND
HOMECOMING AND
THE LIGA FILIPINA
 Rizal & Lucia arrived
in Manila
 Had an audience at
Malacanang
 with Governor-
General Despujol
 Despujol agreed to
pardon his father
but not the rest of his
family.
 attended a meeting
of the patriots at the
home of:
 the ChineseFilipino, Doroteo
Ongjunco
 explained the
objectives of the Liga
Filipina
 a civic league of
Filipinos
 To unite the whole





archipelago into one
compact and homogenous
body
Mutual protection in every
want and necessity
Defense against all
violence and injustice
Encouragement of
education, agriculture,
and commerce
Study and application of
reforms
Motto: One like All
Incriminatory leaflets: “Pobres Frailes”
Interview with Despujol
Denial of Rizal
satire against the rich Dominican friars who amassed
fabulous riches contrary to their monastic vow of poverty.
thoroughly searched upon their arrival from Hong Kong by
the custom authorities
Under arrest in Fort Santiago
Gaceta de Manila
published the story of Rizal’s arrest
commotion among the Filipino people
 reasons for Rizal’s deportation: (4
years)
 Writings:
 disloyalty to Spain
 “frankly anti-catholic” and
“imprudently anti-friar”
 Incriminatory leaflets:
 “Pobres Frailes”
 His novel El Filibusterismo was
dedicated to the memory of:
 three traitors (Gom-Bur-Za)
 title page “the only salvation for the
Philippines was separation from the
mother country from Spain”
CHAPTER 22:
EXILE IN DAPITAN
 Rizal could live at the
parish convent on the
following conditions:
 retract his errors
concerning religion
 Rizal did:
 not agree with these
conditions
 Consequently, he lived in
the house of the
commandant; Captain
Carnicero (the warden)
 the Lottery Ticket No. 9736:
jointly owned by Captain
Carnicero, Rizal and Francisco
Eqiulor (Spanish resident of
Dipolog):
 won the second prize of
P20,000
 Rizal’s share of the winning
lottery ticket was P6,200
 He gave P2,000 to his father
and P200 to his friend Basa in
Hong Kong
 The rest he invested well by
purchasing agricultural lands
along the coast of Talisay
 Father Pastells sent Rizal a
book by Sarda, with advice
that Rizal:
 should desist from his
foolishness in viewing
religion from the prism of
individual judgment
 bitter against the friars
who committed certain:
 abuses under the cloak
of religion.
 Juan Lardet, a
businessman
 purchased many logs
from the lands of Rizal.
 if Rizal was a truthful
man, he would have
told me that the
lumbers were bad.
 When he read Lardet’s
letter, (written to Antonio
Miranda)
 he flared up in anger
 Fr. Pastells assigned
Father Francisco de
Paula Sanchez
 Rizal’s favorite teacher
at Ateneo
 Failed to persuade
Rizal to discard his
unorthodox views on
the Catholic Religion
 Pablo Mercado posed as:
 a relative
 offered his services as a
confidential courier of
Rizal’s letter and
writings for the patriots
in Manila
 incriminate him in the
revolutionary
movement
 To poor patients,
who could not
afford to buy
imported
medicine
 he prescribed the
local medicinal
plants.
 Rizal held the title of
expert surveyor
which he obtained
 from Ateneo
 He applied his
knowledge of:
 engineering by
constructing a
system of
waterworks
 draining the marshes in
order to:
 get rid of malaria that
infested Dapitan
 The P500 which an
Englishman patient paid
him was used by Jose to
equip the town with:
 its lighting system
 He remodeled the town
plaza to enhance its
beauty
 same standards as
Europe

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