Bild 1 - Statistics Canada

Report
Turnover for the Water
Supply Sector in Sweden
Jonas Färnstrand
[email protected]
Outline of presentation
• Part 1: Definition of service being collected
• Part 2: Market conditions
• Part 3: Turnover data method
• (Part 4: Prices)
Part 1:
Definition of service
being collected
Part 1: Definition of service
• NACE 36: Water collection, treatment and
supply
• In Swedish classification divided into
groundwater (36001) and surface water
(36002)
Part 2:
Market conditions
Water resources
• 875 million people in the world lack access to
clean water, due to
•
•
•
•
•
drought
desertification
pollutions
war
hygien
• …which means 11 percent of the world’s
population (24 percent in 1990)
Source: UNICEF, WHO
Water resources
• Sharing 1 000 000 liters of water.
• Max 500 persons = good water supply throughout
the year (examples Sweden, Norway)
• Max 1 000 persons = season problems (most
European countries)
• Max 2 000 persons = significant problems during dry
periods (Poland)
• Max 3 000 persons = absolute water shortage (Syria
and Egypt)
• More than 3 000 persons = limit passed for how
many people the area can support with water (Israel
and Namibia)
Source: UNICEF
Water resources
Access to water per year
Jordan
Israel
Kenya
Egypt
South Africa
m3 per person
Poland
India
Denmark
Japan
USA
Hungary
Sweden
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000
More water facts
• Only 2.5 % of all the water on Earth is freshwater
• 68 % of freshwater is not available (glaciers)
• 60 % of available freshwater exists within nine
countries
• 70 % of available freshwater is used in agriculture
• Desalination and export of water are extremely
energy consuming
• Virtual water future solution? (Export of water
intensive crops)
Background Sweden
• Poor sanitary conditions in the cities
• Colera outbreak in Stockholm (as in many other
cities) 1853
• The first waterworks in Sweden opened 1861 in
Stockholm
Stockholm Vatten AB
• Largest enterprise within the water supply sector
• Produces 360 000 m3 drinking water per day
• Distributes it to 1.3 million people around
Stockholm
• Receives and treats 355 000 m3 waste water per
day (CPA 37)
• 2 200 km of water pipelines
• Municipally owned
Svampen (The mushroom)
• Famous landmark in Örebro, built 1955-1957
• 9 million visitors over the years
• The world’s most visited water tower?
Water usage in Sweden
• 310 liters per person per day
• 130 liters for industrial usage
• 180 liters within households
•
•
•
•
•
•
10 liters for food and drinks
35 liters for toilet flushing
35 liters for dishes
25 liters for washing clothes
65 liters for personal hygiene
10 liters for other usage
Turnover by division
N
4.6%
P+Q
5.0%
R+S
1.8%
A+B
3.8%
M
7.8%
C
24.7%
L
6.5%
J
7.8%
D
4.3%
I
2.1%
F
8.0%
H
6.2%
G
16.8%
E
0,6% (whereof
NACE36 0,05 %)
Value added by division
N
4.6%
P+Q
5.0%
R+S
1.8%
A+B
3.8%
M
7.8%
C
24.7%
L
6.5%
J
7.8%
D
4.3%
I
2.1%
F
8.0%
H
6.2%
G
16.8%
E
0,6% (whereof
NACE36 0,07 %)
Turnover by section
4,000
3,500
3,000
SEK Million
2,500
2,000
NACE 36
1,500
1,000
500
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Turnover by section and product
Refund to subscribers
NACE classification change
4,500
4,000
3,500
SEK Million
3,000
2,500
NACE 36
2,000
CPA 36
1,500
1,000
500
Pilot survey
0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Market conditions
• NACE 36 is closely connected to NACE 37
Sewerage and NACE 35 Electricity
• Legislation: municipalities are required to provide
water and sewerage services
• Service mainly produced either by the municipality
itself or enterprise owned by the municipality/group
of municipalities
• Business sector statistics only cover the latter
Market conditions
• 28 % of the enterprises are owned by the
municipality
• These enterprises account for 87 % of the turnover
• Cross-industry activities
• 32 % of water supply services (CPA 36) produced in
NACE 35
• 18 % of water supply services (CPA 36) produced in
NACE 37
• 37 % of turnover in NACE 36 is classified as
sewerage (CPA 37)
Turnover by product
Industry
35
36
37
38
39
Other
Total
Product
35
252 337
26
240
1 802
3
3 771
258 179
36
1 363
1 647
778
280
11
166
4 245
37
89
1 288
1 784
212
10
20
3 403
38
2 463
325
600
28 537
221
462
32 608
39
0
0
0
542
15
19
576
Other
16 861
196
101
1 464
4
-
-
Total
273 113
3 482
3 503
32 837
264
-
-
Part 3:
Turnover data method
STS
•
•
•
•
•
Industrial production index
Quarterly and monthly statistics, only turnover
EU-regulated survey
Sample survey
Results presented as development indices,
released t+35 days
• Data in NACE Rev2 2000• No admin data used at present
SBS
• Annual statistics
• EU-regulated survey
• Based on administrative (tax) data
• 600 largest enterprises surveyed separately (one
enterprise within NACE 36)
• Sample 16 000 enterprises for turnover by product
(13 enterprises within NACE 36)
• Transmission to NA t+15 months
• Preliminary results transmission to Eurostat t+10
months, definitive t+18 months
• Data in NACE Rev2 2000-
SBS
• Turnover by product via additional sample surveys (NA
and BR)
• Detailed distribution of e.g. other income as well as cost
variables
• πps-Sample : 16 000 enterprises (population 1 000
000)
• Data collection:
• Web-based questionnaire
• Pre-printed values (from admin data)
• Certain number of turnover variables included (based on
industry)
• Use of drop-down lists for other activities
SBS
• Turnover by products within NACE 36:
Variable
CPA 2008
Name
v1055
36
Incomes from water supply
• Other commonly existing products within NACE 36:
Variable
CPA 2008
Name
v2887
37
Sewerage services; sewage sludge
v2950
38.1
Waste; waste collection services
v2951
38.2
Waste treatment and disposal services
Part 4:
Prices
Prices
• NACE 36 is covered by price statistics at present
(NACE 37 is not)
• Main problem with measuring prices in this
industry is to get comparable data over time
Questions?
Thank you!

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