THE SCRIPTURES TEACH THAT SPEAKING IN TONGUES, …

Report
“THE SCRIPTURES TEACH
THAT SPEAKING IN TONGUES,
MIRACLES AND MIRACULOUS
KNOWLEDGE HAVE CEASED
TODAY.”
Affirm ---- John Cripps
Deny ---- Richard Pope
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
1
Defining the Proposition
• “The Scriptures”
– The INSPIRED WORD OF GOD,
THE BIBLE, its 66 BOOKS,
ESPECIALLY THE 27 BOOKS OF
THE NEW TESTAMENT.
– 2 TIMOTHY 3:16-17
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
2
Defining the Proposition
• “TEACH”
– “Education encompasses teaching and
learning specific skills, and also
something less tangible but more
profound: the imparting of knowledge,
positive judgment and well-developed
wisdom.”
• To Impart Information
• To Instruct
• To Educate
– Ephesians 3:3-4
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
3
Defining the Proposition
• “SPEAKING IN TONGUES”
– The Bible defines speaking in
tongues.
• Acts 2:6-11
– We must conclude that when the
Bible speaks about speaking in
tongues it is making reference to
languages not ecstatic
utterances.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
4
Defining the Proposition
• “MIRACLES”
– “A miracle, derived from the old Latin
word miraculum meaning "something
wonderful", is a striking interposition
of divine intervention by a supernatural
being in the universe by which the
ordinary course and operation of
Nature is overruled, suspended, or
modified.”
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miracle
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
5
Defining the Proposition
•
“*MIRACULOUS KNOWLEDGE” – *See Miracles
– “Knowledge acquisition involves complex
cognitive processes: perception, learning,
communication, association and
reasoning. The term knowledge is also
used to mean the confident understanding
of a subject with the ability to use it for a
specific purpose if appropriate.”
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
6
Defining the Proposition
• “HAVE CEASED”
– “Cease and desist (also called C & D) is a
legal term which essentially means "to halt"
or "to end" an action ("cease") and to refrain
from doing it again in the future ("desist").
The recipient of the cease-and-desist may be
an individual or an organization.”
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cease_and_desist
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
7
Defining the Proposition
• “TODAY”
– “Today refers to the current day. Western
society considers it as the period of time
between the previous midnight and the
forthcoming midnight, although some
informally refer to "today" as the period
between their awakening and falling
asleep, even if the period spans midnight.”
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Today
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
8
THE ISSUE IS NOT….
• Whether we should pray for
the sick, or that miracles
existed in the 1st century, but
whether miraculous healings
etc, speaking in tongues and
miraculous knowledge can be
had today in this present age.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
9
Hebrews 13:8
• “Jesus Christ the same
yesterday, and to day, and for
ever.”
– The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
10
Three Facts To Note About Speaking in
Tongues
• First, the New Testament gift of tongues
consisted of languages of men which were
spoken miraculously, without previous
knowledge of the language.
• Second, these tongues were given as signs
to confirm that both the man who spoke
and the message he spoke were from God.
• Third, only those who received the
baptism of the Holy Spirit and those who
received the laying on of the apostles'
hands possessed this miraculous gift.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
11
Only Five References in N.T.
• Acts 2:4,6,11
• 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and
began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit
gave them utterance.
• 6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude
came together, and were confounded, because that
every man heard them speak in his own language.
• 11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in
our tongues the wonderful works of God.
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
12
Only Five References in N.T.
• Acts 10:46
• 46 For they heard them speak
with tongues, and magnify
God. Then answered Peter,
– The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
13
Only Five References in N.T.
• Acts 19:6
• 6 And when Paul had laid his
hands upon them, the Holy Ghost
came on them; and they spake
with tongues, and prophesied.
– The King James Version, (Cambridge:
Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
14
•
Only Five References in N.T.
1 Corinthians 12:1-10,30
– Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren,…... 4
Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same
Spirit. ….. 8 For to one is given by the Spirit the
word of wisdom; to another the word of
knowledge by the same Spirit; 9 To another
faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of
healing by the same Spirit; 10 To another the
working of miracles; to another prophecy; to
another discerning of spirits; to another divers
kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation
of tongues:
– 30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak
with tongues? do all interpret? - The KJV,(Cambridge:
Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
15
Only Five References in N.T.
•
•
1 Corinthians 14:2,26-32
2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not
unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him;
howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. 26 How is it
then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you
hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a
revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done
unto edifying. 27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue,
let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by
course; and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no
interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him
speak to himself, and to God. 29 Let the prophets speak
two or three, and let the other judge. 30 If any thing be
revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his
peace. 31 For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may
learn, and all may be comforted. 32 And the spirits of the
prophets are subject to the prophets. The KJV(Cambridge:
Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
16
A Fact To Be Noted on the Speaking in
Tongues
• There are 8 writers of the N.T.
• There are 27 books – of which 21
are written to individuals, churches
or groups.
• Paul wrote 13 or 14 books of which
1 Corinthians is the only discussion
of “Speaking in tongues”.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
17
A Fact To Be Noted on the Speaking in
Tongues
• John who wrote 5 books of the N.T.
and Peter who was the spokesman on
Pentecost wrote nothing of this
subject.
• Is it not a strange omission from the
N.T. text if “the gift of speaking in
tongues” was an essential part of the
Christians experience and to be
perpetuated to all Christians forever
more?
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
18
The guidelines given are these:
• Tongues is a sign to unbelievers. It's a
sign that God is speaking. It's a sign
to unbelievers.
• If used in the Church it must always
be translated, so that it can have the
purpose of edifying the believers who
don't know what's being said.
• Never are more than three people to
do it, and they are to do it in
sequence, not at the same time.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
19
The guidelines given are these:
• There is to be no speaking in
tongues unless it is interpreted.
• Any confusion or any disorder in
the assembly is an indication that
what is going on did not originate
with God--it's a counterfeit; it's a
prostitution.
• Women are never to do it in the
assemblies, for they are to remain
silent and not to speak in tongues.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
20
Tongues of Today
• "The reason some of you don't speak
fluently, is that you try to think of the
sounds. So when we pray this prayer and
you start speaking in your heavenly
language--don't try to think!“
• Later he adds, "You don't even have to
think in order to pray in the Spirit!"
– Charles and Francis Hunter, who travel
all across the world in healing explosion
meetings, have as a part of their
curriculum the seminars in which they
teach people how to speak in tongues.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
21
Tongues of Today
•
Charles Hunter tells people, and I quote,
– “When you pray with your spirit you do
not think of the sounds of the language.
Just trust God, but make the sounds when
I tell you to. In just a moment, when I tell
you, begin loving and praising God by
speaking forth a lot of different syllable
sounds. At first make the sounds rapidly
so you won't try to think as you do in
speaking your natural language. Make the
sounds loudly at first so you can easily
hear what you are saying.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
22
The Apostolic Office
• Important to the debate at hand is the
apostolic office.
• The question of whether there are apostles in
the church today is pivotal to the discussion,
because if signs and wonders are closely tied
to that office, and that office is still in the
church today, then we would expect that the
signs and wonders are still to be used today.
• However, if the office has ceased, then we
have reason to explore whether or not some
of the other gifts have also ceased.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
23
The Apostolic Office
• Must have been an eyewitness of the
resurrected Christ.
– Acts 1.21-22 says: - “So one of the men who
have accompanied us during all the time that
the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,
beginning from the baptism of John until
the day when he was taken up from us–
one of these men must become with us a
witness to his resurrection.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
24
The Apostolic Office
• The apostles were to perform
signs and wonders, which
confirmed his message and
office.
– Matt. 10:1–2; Acts 2:43; 4:33; 5:12;
2 Cor. 12:12-13; and Heb. 2:3–4
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
25
The Apostolic Office
• An Apostle must be called by Christ to
the office.
– Mark 3.13-4: - “And he went up on the
mountain and called to him those whom
he desired, and they came to him. And he
appointed twelve (whom he also named
apostles) so that they might be with him
and he might send them out to preach”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
26
Conclusions reached based on these
qualifications
• Based on these qualifications, the biblical
testimony seems to be that the office of apostle
has indeed ceased. If this gift has ceased, than
others may have ceased as well.
– Ephesians 2.20
Along with the evidence of the qualifications, there is
a specific verse that seems to show that the gifts of
apostle and prophet were temporary.
• That verse is Ephesians 2.19-21:
– “So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but
you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of
the household of God, built on the foundation of the
apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being
the cornerstone, in whom the whole structure, being
joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
27
Conclusions reached based on these
qualifications
• This verse points to the foundational
quality of the apostles and prophets,
upon which the Church was being
built.
– Once a foundation is built, we no longer
continue to build the foundation, but build
upon that foundation.
– The foundation laid by the apostles and
prophets was their teachings, of which
Christ is the cornerstone (v. 21).
– Once these teachings were confirmed,
authenticated, and preserved (through
scripture), the foundation was laid and
the foundational gifts were no longer
28
necessary. Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
•
Question?
Were the Apostles guided into ALL TRUTH?
– John 16:8-13 – “And when he is come, he
will reprove the world of sin, and of
righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin,
because they believe not on me; Of
righteousness, because I go to my Father, and
ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the
prince of this world is judged. I have yet many
things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear
them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of
truth, is come, he will guide you into all
truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but
whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak:
and he will shew you things to come.” - KJV
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
29
External Evidence For the Cessation of
Tongues
• John Chrysostom - (c. 344–407) ---- Homilies on 1
Corinthians, 36.7
– “This whole place [speaking about 1 Corinthians 12 emp.
JC] is very obscure: but the obscurity is produced by our
ignorance of the facts referred to and by their cessation,
being such as then used to occur but now no longer take
place.”
• Augustine – (354–430) --- Homilies on the First Epistle
of John, 6.10
– “In the earliest times, “the Holy Ghost fell upon them that
believed: and they spake with tongues,” which they had not
learned, “as the Spirit gave them utterance.” These were
signs adapted to the time. For there behooved to be that
betokening of the Holy Spirit in all tongues, to shew that the
Gospel of God was to run through all tongues over the
whole earth. That thing was done for a betokening, and it
passed away.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
30
External Evidence For the Cessation of
Tongues
• Theodoret of Cyrus - (c. 393–c. 466) --- Commentary on the First
Epistle to the Corinthians, 240, 43.
– “In former times those who accepted the divine preaching and who
were baptized for their salvation were given visible signs of the
grace of the Holy Spirit at work in them. Some spoke in tongues
which they did not know and which nobody had taught them, while
others performed miracles or prophesied. The Corinthians also did
these things, but they did not use the gifts as they should have
done. They were more interested in showing off than in using them
for the edification of the church. . . . Even in our time grace is given
to those who are deemed worthy of holy baptism, but it may not
take the same form as it did in those days.”
• John Calvin - (1509–1564) --- Commentary on the Synoptic
Gospels III, 389
– “Though Christ does not expressly state whether he intends this
gift [of miracles] to be temporary, or to remain perpetually in the
Church, yet it is more probable that miracles were promised only
for a time, in order to give lustre to the gospel while it was new or
in a state of obscurity.”
– Institutes of the Christian Religion, IV:19, 18
• “…the gift of healing, like the rest of the miracles, which the Lord
willed to be brought forth for a time, has vanished away in order to
make the preaching of the Gospel marvelous for ever.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
31
External Evidence For the Cessation of
Tongues
• John Owen - (1616–1683) --- Works IV, 518
– “Gifts which in their own nature exceed the whole
power of all our faculties, that dispensation of the
Spirit is long since ceased and where it is now
pretended unto by any, it may justly be suspected
as an enthusiastic delusion.”
• Thomas Watson - (c 1620–1686) --- The
Beatitudes, 140
– “Sure, there is as much need of ordination now as
in Christ’s time and in the time of the apostles,
there being then extraordinary gifts in the church
which are now ceased.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
32
External Evidence For the Cessation of
Tongues
• Matthew Henry - (1662–1714) --- Preface to
Vol. IV of his Exposition of OT & NT, vii
– “These and other gifts of prophecy, being a sign, have long
since ceased and been laid aside, and we have no
encouragement to expect the revival of them; but, on the
contrary, are directed to call the scriptures the more sure
word of prophecy, more sure than voices from heaven; and
to them we are directed to take heed, to search them, and to
hold them fast, 2 Peter 1:29.”
• Augustine: - (354–430) --- Retractions I xiii 7
– “For those that are baptized do not now receive
the Spirit on the imposition of hands, so as to
speak in the tongues of all the peoples; neither
are the sick healed by the shadow of the
preachers of Christ falling on them as they pass;
and other such things as were then done, are now
manifestly ceased.”
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
33
Romans 12:6-8, I Corinthians 12:8-10,
I Corinthians 12:28-30, and Ephesians 4:11
• Permanent Gifts:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Ministry
Teacher
Pastor
Evangelism
Helps/Ministering
Administration
Exhortation
Giving
Mercy
Faith
• Gifts in Question:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Apostles
Prophets
Miracles
Healing
Tongues
Interpreting Tongues
Discerning of Spirits
Word of Wisdom
Word of Knowledge
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
34
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• MIRACLES were the CREDENTIALS of
JESUS and the APOSTLES.
– Mark 2:1-12
• Vrs 5 - “When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto
the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven
thee.”
• Vrs 10 – “But that ye may know that the
Son of man hath power on earth to
forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the
palsy,)”
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge)
1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
35
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• MIRACLES were the CREDENTIALS of
JESUS and the APOSTLES.
– John 3:1-16
• Vrs 1-2 – “There was a man of the Pharisees,
named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2 The
same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him,
Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher
come from God: for no man can do
these miracles that thou doest, except
God be with him.”
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
36
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• MIRACLES were the CREDENTIALS of
JESUS and the APOSTLES.
– Hebrews 2:3-4
• Vrs 2-3 – “How shall we escape, if we neglect so
great salvation; which at the first began to be
spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed
unto us by them that heard him; 4
God also bearing them witness,
both with signs and wonders, and
with divers miracles, and gifts of
the Holy Ghost, according to his
own will?”
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
37
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• MIRACLES were the CREDENTIALS of
JESUS and the APOSTLES.
– Acts 2:22
• Vrs 22 – “Ye men of Israel, hear these words;
Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God
among you by miracles and wonders
and signs, which God did by him in the
midst of you, as ye yourselves also
know:”
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
38
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• According to these passages the purpose
of Miracles was to confirm the message of
God and never was to accommodate the
ones on whom the miracles were
performed.
– Mark 16:20
• Vrs 20 – “And they went forth, and preached every
where, the Lord working with them, and
confirming the word with signs
following. Amen.”
– The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
39
• 2 Timothy 4:20
– “Erastus abode at Corinth: but
Trophimus have I left at
Miletum sick.”
• The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
40
• 1 Timothy 5:23
– “Drink no longer water, but
use a little wine for thy
stomach’s sake and thine
often infirmities.”
• The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
41
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MIRACLES
ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES.
• Miracles were never USED to
accommodate the ones on whom the
miracles were performed.
– FROM THE ABOVE TWO SCRIPTURES
TWO QUESTIONS.
• WHY DID PAUL LEAVE TROPHIMUS IN
MILETUM SICK?
• WHY DID PAUL NOT HEAL TIMOTHY?
– DID PAUL NOT HAVE THE POWER TO DO
SO?
• THE REASON IS THE WORD WAS ALREADY
Debate Slide #
CONFIRMEDCripps/Pope
IN BOTH.
42
WHAT MR POPE MUST DENY
TONIGHT IS THAT THE WORD
OF GOD HAS BEEN
CONFIRMED – AND
THEREFORE THE NEED FOR
SPEAKING IN TONGUES,
MIRACLES AND MIRACULOUS
KNOWLEDGE STILL EXISTS
TODAY.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
43
• 1 Corinthians 12:1
– Now concerning spiritual
gifts, brethren, I would not
have you ignorant.
• The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
44
SPIRITUAL GIFTS IS THE SUBJECT OF
I CORINTHIANS CHAPTERS 12-14
• 1 Cor 12:5-11
– “Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
– And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.
– And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which
worketh all in all.
– But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
# 1 - For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom;
# 2 - to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
# 3 - To another faith by the same Spirit;
# 4 - to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
# 5 - To another the working of miracles;
# 6 - to another prophecy;
# 7 - to another discerning of spirits;
# 8 - to another divers kinds of tongues;
# 9 - to another the interpretation of tongues:
– But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every
man severally as he will.”
• The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
45
• 1 CORTHIANS 13:8-10
– “… : but whether there be prophecies,
they shall fail; whether there be
tongues, they shall cease; whether
there be knowledge, it shall vanish
away. For we know in part, and we
prophesy in part……”
• The King James Version, (Cambridge:
Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
46
• I CORINTHIANS 13:10
– “But when that which is
perfect is come, then
that which is in part shall be
done away.”
• The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
47
WHAT IS THAT “PERFECT THING”
THAT WOULD COME?
• Mr Pope and others will affirm that this is the SECOND
COMING OF CHRIST and that is why the
TONGUES, MIRACLES, PROPHECY and
MIRACULOUS KNOWLEDGE continue today.
2nd
THESE ABIDE TODAY:
• PROPHECY
C
• SPEAKING IN TONGUES
O
• KNOWLEDGE – (MIRACULOUS)
M
• and vrs 13
• FAITH
• HOPE
• LOVE
I
N
G
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
THESE WILL
CONTINUE TO
BE PRESENT
AFTER THE
2nd COMING
of CHRIST
• FAITH
• HOPE
• LOVE
48
• 1 Corinthians 13:8-13
– Vrs 8 - “… but whether there be
prophecies, they shall fail; whether
there be tongues, they shall cease;
whether there be knowledge, it shall
vanish away.”
– Vrs 10 – “But when that which is
perfect is come, then that which is in
part shall be done away.”
– Vrs 13 And now abideth faith, hope,
charity, these three; but the greatest of
these is charity.
•
The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
49
Note the Order in 1 Cor.13:8-13
• Prophecy, Tongues and Knowledge will all
cease/fail and vanish away.
– WHEN?
•Vrs 10 – “But when that which is
perfect is come, then that
which is in part shall be done
away.”
• What remains or ABIDES after the perfect has
come is:
–Vrs 13 And now abideth faith,
hope, charity, these three; but
the greatest of these is charity.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
50
WHAT THE TEXT DOES SAY IS…
THESE ABIDE UNTIL:
• PROPHECY
• SPEAKING IN TONGUES
• KNOWLEDGE – (MIRACULOUS)
Referred To As Being:
“ in part ”
•THESE WERE ALSO PRESENT
IN THE 1st CENTURY
•FAITH
• HOPE
• LOVE
T
H
A
T
W
H
I
C
H
I
S
WILL THESE
CONTINUE TO BE
PRESENT AFTER
“THAT WHICH” IS
PERFECT HAS COME?
• “they will fail”
N
O • “they will cease”
• “it will vanish away”
•THESE WERE PRESENT
IN THE 1st CENTURY and
CONTINUE AFTER THE
PERFECT HAS COME.
P
E
R
•FAITH
F
E
• HOPE
C
Cripps/Pope Debate
T Slide # • LOVE
51
IS THAT PERFECT THING THAT WOULD
COME THE 2nd COMING OF CHRIST?
• ANY PERSON can see that a “PERSONAL
PRONOUN” is not used here in GRAMMAR.
• It does not say – “HE WHO IS PERFECT
is come then the supernatural will
fail/cease and vanish away.”
• “That which” in 1st Corinthians 13:10 is
in the “Neuter Form” not “Masculine
Form” in the Greek Gender of the
Language.
• It would be INCORRECT GRAMMAR in the
context to speak of JESUS CHRIST as “a that
which” for there is no NOUN pointing to
Christ.
– Matthew 1:20 in context does speak of Jesus as
“that which”.
• BUT THE GREEK GRAMMAR HERE IS “MASCULINE”
FORM not “NEUTER” form, thus cannot be compared
to 1st Corinthians
13:10.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
52
Understanding the Greek
• Greek, like all of the older Indo-European
languages, is highly inflected.
– For example nouns (including proper nouns) have
five cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative
and vocative), three genders (masculine, feminine
and neuter), and three numbers (singular, dual and
plural).
– The gender is determined by the ending of the noun.
DROmos (street) and Andras (man) are masculine;
KARta (card) and teeMEE (price) are feminine;
doMAtio (room) and ksenodoHEEo (hotel) are
neuter.
• Greek nouns decline (change form) according
to case (nominative, accusative, genitive, and
vocative) and number (singular and plural).
– http://www.greek-language.org/greek/grammar.asp
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
53
Understanding the Greek
• During the Hellenistic period, a mixing of peoples led to the
development of a common form called koinê - the language in which
the New Testament was originally written.
•Greek is famous for its ability to precisely specify syntax - for
instance, it has a full 24 forms in the declension of the definite article
(4 cases, 3 genders, 2 numbers):
SINGULAR
Masculine
Nominative
(subject)
Genitive
(possessive)
Dative
(indirect
object+)
Accusative
(direct
object)
PLURAL
Feminine
Neuter
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
oi
ai
ta
o
ê
to
Nominative
(subject)
tou
tês
tou
Genitive
(possessive
tôn
tôn
tôn
tô
Dative
(indirect
object+)
tois
tais
tois
to
Accusative
tous
tas
ta54
tô
tê
ton
tên
Cripps/Pope Debate
(directSlide #
object)
The Use of Pronouns
1. A pronoun is a word that stands instead of a noun.
2. The noun for which a pronoun stands is called its
antecedent.
3. A pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and
number.
4. The personal pronouns are not used in the nominative
case unless there is emphasis upon them.
5. To express possession the unemphatic forms of the
personal pronouns should be used, and the English
phrases “my word” and the like should be turned around
into the form, the word of me, before they are translated
into Greek.
– New Testament Greek for Beginners – J Gresham Machen,
D.D., Litt. D. – Macmillan Publishing Company – NY 1989 p. 4749
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
55
The Greek Rules of Word Endings
and Gender Are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ends in -η like αγάπη (love), always feminine
Ends in -ο like χωριό (village), always neuter
Ends in -ι like παιδί (child), always neuter
Ends in -α like γιαγιά (grandmother), most likely
feminine, unless it ends in -μα like πράγμα (thing)
which are most likely neuter.
1.
5.
Two common exceptions are μαμά (mom) which is
feminine and γάλα (milk) which is neuter.
Ends in -ς like άντρας (man), is mostly like
masculine,
1.
BUT there are a lot of commonly used neuters and some
feminines that end in -ος, and you have to just learn these
on a word by word basis.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
56
WHAT THE SCRIPTURES DO SAY IS…
T
H
A
T
THESE ABIDE UNTIL:
• PROPHECY
• SPEAKING IN TONGUES
• KNOWLEDGE – (MIRACULOUS)
Referred To As Being:
“ in part ”
•THESE WERE ALSO PRESENT
IN THE 1st CENTURY
• FAITH
• HOPE
• LOVE
W
H
I
C
H
I
S
THESE WILL BE
DISCONTINUED
AFTER “THAT
WHICH” IS PERFECT
HAS COME – vrs 13
• ONLY THREE REMAIN
•NOT ALL NINE PLUS
THE THREE OF THE
CONTEXT!
A
T
S
I
G
H
T
P •WHEN DO THESE CEASE
E /END?
R
2 Cor. 5:6-8
•FAITH
F
Heb. 11:1
Heb. 11:1
E
• HOPE
Rom. 8:24
C
Cripps/Pope Debate
Slide•# LOVE
57
T
1
Cor.
13:13
“GREATEST”
WHAT IS BEING CONTRASTED
HERE IN 1 Corinthians 13:8-13?
THE PERFECT – ie
“THE WHOLE”
THE PART – ie “A
SLICE”
1 Corinthians 13:10-12 – “But when that which is perfect is come, then
that which is in part shall be done away. When I was a child, I spake as a
child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I
put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then
face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
58
known.” The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
WHAT IS BEING CONTRASTED
HERE IN 1 Corinthians 13:8-13?
•
THE PART of 1 CORINTHIANS 13:9-10 •
•
•
3313 meros { mer’-os}
– from an obsolete but more primary form of •
meiromai (to get as a section or allotment); •
TDNT - 4:594,585; n n
AV - part 24, portion 3, coast 3, behalf 2, respect
2, misc 9; 43
GK - 3538 { mevro" }
– 1) a part
• 1a)a part due or assigned to one
– 1b) lot, destiny
•
•
THE PERFECT of 1 CORINTHIANS
13:9-10
5046 teleios { tel’-i-os} from 5056; TDNT 8:67,1161; adj
AV - perfect 17, man 1, of full age 1; 19
GK - 5455 { tevleio" }
– 1) brought to its end, finished
– 2) wanting nothing necessary to
completeness
– 3) perfect
– 4) that which is perfect
– 2) one
of the constituent
parts of a whole
• 2a) in part, partly, in a measure, to
some degree, as respects a part,
severally, individually
– 2b) any particular, in regard to this,
in this respect
• 4a) consummate human integrity
and virtue
• 4b) of men
– 4b1) full grown, adult, of full
age, mature
•
Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon, (Oak
Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems,
Inc.) 1995.
• Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon, (Oak
Harbor, WA: Logos Research
Systems, Inc.) 1995.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
59
WHAT IS BEING CONTRASTED
HERE IN 1 Corinthians 13:8-13?
• THUS THE PART and
THE PERFECT
(whole) MUST BE OF
THE SAME KIND
AND NATURE.
– A PART OF THIS
CHERRY PIE IS NOT:
• A ORANGE SLICE!
• Or APPLE SLICE
– BUT:
• A CHERRY SLICE
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
60
WHAT IS BEING CONTRASTED
HERE IN 1 Corinthians 13:8-13?
• THUS THE PART and THE
PERFECT (whole) MUST BE
OF THE SAME KIND AND
NATURE.
– THE PART OF 1 COR. 13:8-10
is:
• PROPHECY
• SPEAKING IN TONGUES
• MIRACULOUS KNOWLEDGE.
– THIS PERTAINS TO GOD’S
REVEALATION OF HIS WILL.
– THE WHOLE – MUST
THEREFORE BE OF THE SAME
KIND AND NATURE.
• THE COMPLETED (WHOLE)
REVEALATION OF GOD’S WILL.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
61
• James 1:25
– But whoso looketh into the perfect
law of liberty, and continueth
therein, he being not a forgetful
hearer, but a doer of the work, this
man shall be blessed in his deed.”
• The King James Version, (Cambridge:
Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
62
James 2:12
• “So speak ye, and so do,
as they that shall be
judged by the law of
liberty.”
– The King James Version,
(Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Cripps/Pope Debate Slide #
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