Nursing Knowledge Chapter 18 Methodological separatism and reconciliation Andrea Sartain MSN, RN, CNL Quantitative vs. Qualitative Quantitative Qualitative •One reality to be described •Many realities to be described •Wants to understand subjectivity •Inductive •Impersonal “objective theory” •Deductive •Reductionist/particularistic •Presupposes values of prediction & control of human beings •Antireductionist/holistic •Presupposes the value of human freedom (Risjord, 2010, p. 203) Reality & realities • Idealism • The world is based on our experience • Our “reality” is based on surroundings • Meaning and Reality • Experiences are constructed by our meaning to the event • Static and Dynamic • Quantitative – static (short segment in time) • Qualitative – dynamic (longitudinal) (Risjord, 2010) Objective or subjective • Objective • Associated with Quantitative • Impersonal • Understanding the biological/psychological questions with no interpretation of the individual’s view point • Subjective • Associated with Qualitative • Wants to understand the merging of subject & object • Understanding the experiences of the patient • Emic vs. Etic • Emic: the individual’s point of view • Etic: The outsider’s point of view (Risjord, 2010) Deduction & induction • Deductive • Quantitative • Comes from a hypothesis • Inductive • Qualitative • Begins with no proposed theory • Arrives because of common themes observed (Risjord, 2010) In conclusion • These 5 methods do not demonstrate two different forms of knowledge • They either fail to make a distinction OR they note a difference, but do not show conflicting assumptions • More than one method may answer the research question • The method selected should be based on the question of the research and what is already known about the subject (Risjord, 2010) References Risjord, M. (2010). Methodological separatism and reconciliation. In Nursing knowledge science, practice, and philosophy (pp. 203-212). United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing.