Nursing Knowledge Chapter 18

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Nursing Knowledge
Chapter 18
Methodological separatism and reconciliation
Andrea Sartain MSN, RN, CNL
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Quantitative
Qualitative
•One reality to be described
•Many realities to be described
•Wants to understand
subjectivity
•Inductive
•Impersonal “objective theory”
•Deductive
•Reductionist/particularistic
•Presupposes values of
prediction & control of human
beings
•Antireductionist/holistic
•Presupposes the value of
human freedom
(Risjord, 2010, p. 203)
Reality & realities
• Idealism
• The world is based on our experience
• Our “reality” is based on surroundings
• Meaning and Reality
• Experiences are constructed by our meaning to the event
• Static and Dynamic
• Quantitative – static (short segment in time)
• Qualitative – dynamic (longitudinal)
(Risjord, 2010)
Objective or subjective
• Objective
• Associated with Quantitative
• Impersonal
• Understanding the biological/psychological questions with no
interpretation of the individual’s view point
• Subjective
• Associated with Qualitative
• Wants to understand the merging of subject & object
• Understanding the experiences of the patient
• Emic vs. Etic
• Emic: the individual’s point of view
• Etic: The outsider’s point of view
(Risjord, 2010)
Deduction & induction
• Deductive
• Quantitative
• Comes from a hypothesis
• Inductive
• Qualitative
• Begins with no proposed theory
• Arrives because of common themes observed
(Risjord, 2010)
In conclusion
• These 5 methods do not demonstrate two different
forms of knowledge
• They either fail to make a distinction OR they note a
difference, but do not show conflicting assumptions
• More than one method may answer the research
question
• The method selected should be based on the question
of the research and what is already known about the
subject
(Risjord, 2010)
References
Risjord, M. (2010). Methodological separatism and
reconciliation. In Nursing knowledge science, practice, and
philosophy (pp. 203-212). United Kingdom: Blackwell
Publishing.

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