Carbon Accounting Timber Products Output

Report
Carbon Accounting
Timber Products Output
Christopher Woodall
Group Leader
Staff
• Timber Products: Ron Piva (analyst), David
Haugen (analyst), Brian Walters
(analyst/programmer)
• National Carbon Accounting: James Smith
(scientist), Michael Nichols (programmer),
Grant Domke (scientist)
• State Responsibilities: North Dakota, South
Dakota, Missouri
TPO: 2013 Accomplishments
•
•
•
•
•
National mill canvas form approved by OMB
National database now operational
Data starting to be uploaded for Missouri
National utilization program initiated
TPO reports In Press or Published:
– Kansas timber industry: an assessment of timber
product output and use, 2009
– North Dakota timber industry: an assessment of
timber product output and use, 2009
– South Dakota timber industry: an assessment of
timber product output and use, 2009
– Wisconsin timber industry: an assessment of timber
product output and use, 2008
National TPO Database
• Southern States uploaded most historical data
and entering 2012 data into the National Dbase …
processing with the National procedures
• Northern States moving historical data (Missouri
first) into the National Dbase with processing
system verification ongoing
• Northern 2012 data will be entered into both the
National Dbase and Northern TPO Dbase to verify
processing procedures
Current State Status – Mill Surveys
State
Status
Connecticut
Delaware
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Planning a Southern New England Report
Planning a Southern New England Report
Processing data for 2012
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Talk with about data collection for 2013
2009 publication in layout; Planning data collection for 2014
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Planning a Southern New England Report
Reports for 2008 and 2010 in progress.
Talk with about possible Lake States annual TPO
Minnesota
Processing data for 2010, 2011, 2012.
Data collection for 2013
All ready doing an annual TPO
Processing data for 2012
Planning data collection for 2014
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Planning data collection for 2014
Processing data for 2010
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Processing data for 2011
Waiting for 2012 data
Planning a Southern New England Report
Planning data collection for 2014
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Talk with about data collection for 2013
Talk with about data collection for 2013 and Lake States
annual TPO
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
North Dakota
New Jersey
New York
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Dakota
Vermont
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Harvest
Utilization
Studies
Harvest Utilization Regional History
• Last northern utilization study conducted in
1996 (Wisconsin)
• Utilization studies have historically been done
state by state using regional methods
• Disparity in methods over time and by state
• Often conducted by non-FIA crews
New National Utilization Effort
• National Methods
• Build Upon Existing
Southern PDR Program
• Conducted by P2 crews
in concert with forest
inventory
• Sample additional
national/volume
biomass variables
• Start in 2014
Northern Utilization Specifics
• Northern study based on
utilization regions that
have similar species and
product mixes
• About 1,000 harvest
utilizations sites will be
sampled across the North
over the next 5 years
• Training will be held in
early December 2013, and
measurement will begin
this winter
Draft Site Sample Allocation
2014 Goals
• Begin utilization study
• MN Annual TPO
• Full adoption of national dbase for all TPO
work
• SRS conducts annual national pulpwood
survey
• Explore improved data distribution/analysis
efforts
Carbon
Accounting
2013 Accomplishments
• Made it into 2014 NGHGI Review Version (first
time in many years)
• Contributed to: National Climate Assessment,
National Forest C Baselines, Federal Land C Budget
• Published National Analysis of DWM P3 data
• New research outputs (e.g., maps, dead
wood)
America’s Forest Carbon Trendline
Critiques
• Reduce
uncertainty
• Alaska
• Land Use
Change
• Forecasting
• Attribution
• Land Use
Change
• Disaggregation
• Planned
Improvements
• AK/HI
Nearest Neighbor Mapping
Wilson, B.T., Woodall, C.W.,
Griffith, D. 2013. Imputing
forest carbon stock estimates
from inventory plots to a
nationally continuous
coverage. Carbon Balance
and Management. 8: 1.
Soil Organic Carbon
National DWM Analysis
Woodall, C.W., Walters,
B.F., Oswalt, S.N., Domke,
G.M., Toney, C., Gray,
A.N. 2013. Biomass and
carbon attributes of
downed woody materials
in forests of the United
States. Forest Ecology
and Management. 305:
48-59.
Comparing the NGHGI Model to P3
Estimates
Domke, G.M., Woodall,
C.W., Walters, B.F., Smith
J.E. 2013. From models to
measurements: comparing
down dead wood carbon
stock estimates in the U.S.
forest inventory. PLoS
One. 8: e59949.
C Flux Statistical Power Analysis
Westfall, J.A., Woodall, C.W.,
Hatfield, M.A. 2013. A
statistical power analysis of
woody carbon flux from forest
inventory data. Climatic
Change. 118: 919-931.
Sampling effort needed to detect percentage change with statistical
power of 0.8 at α = 0.05, 0.10, 0.20 for all woody C pool
Tracking Dead Wood C Flux
Russell, M.B., Woodall, C.W., Fraver, S.,
D’Amato, A.W. 2013. Estimates of downed
woody debris decay class transitions for
forests across the eastern United States.
Ecological Modelling. 251: 22-31.
Russell, M.B., Woodall, C.W., Fraver, S.,
D’Amato, A.W., Domke, G.M., Skog, K.E. In
Review Residence time and rate of decay
for downed woody debris biomass/carbon
in eastern US forests.
Refined Dead Wood Biomass/Carbon
Estimation
Fraver, S., Milo, A.M., Bradford, J.B.,
D’Amato, A.W., Kenefic, L., Palik, B.J.,
Woodall, C.W., Brissette, J. 2013.
Woody debris volume depletion
through decay: Implications for
biomass and carbon accounting.
Ecosystems. 16: 1262-1272.
Harmon, M.E., Fasth, B., Woodall,
C.W., Sexton, J. 2013. Carbon
concentration of standing and
downed woody detritus: Effects of
tree taxa, decay class, position, and
tissue type. Forest Ecology and
Management. 291: 259-267.
Understory Vegetation
• Use P2+/P3 VEG
information to
inform C/biomass
estimation
Russell, M., D’Amato, A.W., Schulz, B.K.,
Woodall, C.W., Domke, G.M., Bradford,
J.B. In Review. Quantifying understory
vegetation carbon in the US Lake States:
a proposed framework to inform regional
forest carbon stocks.
Forest Floor
• Initially proposed by
Ohmann & Gregory (2002)
Can. J. For. Res. 32:725-741
• A nearest neighbor
imputation method
– Similar to kNN and MSN
• Accommodates a
multivariate response
– Nearness metrics are
based on Canonical
Correspondence
Analysis (CCA) outputs
Forest Floor Imputation
Baselines Through the Years
Missing Data Study
Domke, G.M., Woodall,
C.W., Walters, B.F.,
McRoberts, R.E.,
Hatfield, M.A. In
Review. Strategies to
compensate for the
effects of nonresponse
on forest carbon
baseline estimates from
the national forest
inventory of the United
States. Forest Ecology
and Management.
NASA Research
• Carbon monitoring
systems
• National biomass
mapping based on lidar
and FIA data
• Using Landsat to inform
C baselines across 1990’s
to present
2014 Carbon Efforts
• Complete the numerous studies currently
underway
• Move forward with biomass change
estimation (saw log top paper soon in JOF)
• Release of P2+ DWM data and estimation
procedures
• P3 soils data as part of NGHGI
Questions????
[email protected]

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