Cap Lamp Signals Safety & Communication in the Dark Created by Pat Gazewood Underground Mining Presents Many Challenges. • • • • Environment is primary concern. Atmosphere. Ground conditions. No lighting. History Teaches: • Fire was first tool used for illumination in underground mining for centuries. • Later candle sticks were used up until the 19th century. Miners Needed Better Lighting. • Candles created poor lighting. • Candles started fires, killing thousands of miners over the centuries. • Methane gas explosions were a big problem. Walking Down the Drift Was a Problem. • Then someone thought. Let’s stick a candle on a cap. • The cap lamp was born. • Still problems persisted. • Wax in your eye burns. Hair burns really nice. Smells great too! Invention Is the Mother of Necessity. • Lamps progressed from candles to carbide. • From carbide to batteries. • Better illumination was a must. Invention of Portable Battery Units. • Greatly increased visibility. • Reduced fire hazards. • Increased safety in working areas. Cap Lamps Have All Kinds of New Features. • • • • • Halogen bulbs. PED devices. Leaky feeder radio. Longer battery life. Reduced sizes & weight. • Intrinsically safe. Cap Lamps Are a Safety Tool & PPE. • It illuminates hazards. • By allowing better identifications of hidden objects in the dark. • It communicates a miner’s actions. • It allows you to control actions of others that may not see hidden dangers by warning them. Safety Tools Require Proper Training. • Cap lamp signals can be a matter of life or death!!! • Improper usage causes problems up and down the mining cycle. • Not understanding signals creates dangerous behaviors. • It can create ramp rage, delay mining cycles, and lead to an accident, or worse death. Cap Lamps Are Simple to Learn & Practice. • There are three basic commands. • Come forward. • Move away. • Stop. Come Forward Command: • This command is simple. Rotate head in a wide circular motion. Move Away Command: • This command is made by moving the head up down like you nodding yes. The Stop Command: • This command is simple. • It means stop NOW!!! • Move the head back and forth like your motioning “no” with the head. Hindrances to Cap Lamp Communication. • What barriers cause break downs in communication here & create hazards. • Misunderstood signals. • Illumination in haulage ways. • Lack of training. • Stubbornness. • Belief that hand signals are visible in the dark. • Laziness. Overcoming Communications Hindrances. • Don’t rely on drift illumination as a communication catch all. • If you don’t understand signals stop & talk verbally. • Overcome the deer in the headlight look. • Work with one another, not against. • Learn to use lamp signals they are more empowering than hand signals when used properly. Proper Care For Personal Cap Lamps. • Inspect lamp before & after each use. • Note: charging status. Green light is lit. It’s fully charged. • Unlit green light, it’s not fully charged. Proper Personal Lamp Care Cont. • Inspect cords. • Test both bulbs. • Make sure cords have reflective tape so if your light goes out you can be scene. • Check lens. • Check for missing parts. Repair Tag Station • If your lamp is B.O. Tag it out. • Attach a repair tag. • List what is wrong & tie a knot in cord. Cap Lamp Care Cont. • Leave lamp in charger. • If your lamp goes dead, while underground, lamps are at various places underground. • Follow up. Return spare lamps back to original chargers. When finished. In Summary: • Effective communication with cap lamps increases operator awareness. • Reduces confusion between mining personnel. • Lowers the potential for major traumatic accidents. Working Accident Free Requires Everyone’s Help. Going Home Safely Everyday is The Most Important Thing You Can Do Today! Safe Working Motto: There is No Service So Needed, No Job So Important, That We Cannot Take The Time To Do The Job Safely.