NRA Range Safety Officer Course

Report
Live Fire Qualification
Range Safety
• Standard Operation Procedures during Live
Firing.
• Range Safety and Rules.
• Malfunctions on the Line.
• Operation of a Ruger Mark III
• Location of the Range
GOAL
• To develop Range Safety and possess the
KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, and
ATTITUDES essential conducting and
supervising safe shooting activities and
range operations.
Standard Operation Procedures
during Live Firing.
Set Up:
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General range inspection. Checks out range for safety
issues, cleanliness, ventilation
• Appropriate, safe targets. E.g. appropriate backers, height,
frames, color coding (if necessary)
• Provides for pistols and ammunition-not to be uncased
until appropriate time
• When firearms are ready to be used, confirm empty and
flagged
Range Officer
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Range Officer (not necessarily the Training Officer in Charge):
Responsible for the overall operation of the range before, during and
after live firing
In charge of the training activity
Provides line orientation, reinforces Emergency response procedures
Oversees and Calls the line
1. Provides the explanation of commands
2. Calls the commands
3. Calls for the number of rounds to be loaded (loaded into magazines,
but not inserted or loaded into cylinder but not to be closed)
4. Calls the cease fire-HOWEVER, anyone can call a cease fire
5. Utilizes a whistle to signify commence firing
Range Safety Officer
• Range Safety Officer (RSO)
• Responsible for the safe operation of the range to include
conducting a safety orientation before each scheduled livefire exercise
• Ensures that all personnel comply with the safety
regulations and procedures prescribed for the conduct of
live-fire exercise
• Will be responsible for making certain that all guns are
unloaded, cylinders open, magazines out and flagged.
Single action revolver cylinders rotated to confirm empty.
• Has no other duties
Instructor Assistants
• Instructor Assistants (IA)
• Ensures that all shooters observe safety
regulations, procedures and assists shooters
having problems
• Students will be acting as an IA when not
firing during qualifications.
Commands
• Simple, standard fire commands are needed
to avoid confusion and misunderstanding
during live-fire exercises
Cease fire
• When the cease fire command is given,
all shooters will stop immediately,
keeping their firearm point in a safe
direction, finger off the trigger and await
further commands
• Anyone may call a cease fire on the
range
The following are general commands
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Shooters to the Point-on hearing this command shooters will go to the firing line to their
designated positions
HOT Range-eye and ear protection required on all shooters, instructors and range
personnel. Live ammunition is available to firearms and firing will shortly commence
Issue (number) rounds of ammunition-obtain the necessary rounds of ammunition from
the box
Load -load magazine but do not insert; load cylinder but do not close
Make ready-insert magazine and release slide; close cylinder
Ready on the firing line
Commence firing when you hear the whistle
Stand clear-students will move back 3 feet behind firing line with firearms safe state
Clear on the firing line
RSO walk the line-the designated Range Safety Officer(s) walks the line and reconfirms
that all firearms are safe
COLD Range-all shooters to safe line; line has been verified to confirm that all firearms
are empty and flagged; eyes and ears can be removed.
SAFE Range-Only when the range has been verified as Cold can shooters be instructed to
go downrange to retrieve targets
COURSE OF FIRE
There will be three segments:
• Fire 10 round at 5 yards
• Fire 10 round at 7 yards
• Fire 10 round at 10 yards
For each segments:
• Same target used
• Load 10 rounds only
• Firing
• Cease fire
• Critiqued by either Instructor
• NRA B27 Target moved to next measurement
• You must score 80% accuracy.
Chain of Command
1. Training Officer in Charge (oversees all
activities including classroom and range)
2. Instructor (classroom)
3. Range Officer (range)
4. Range Safety Officer (RSO)
5. Instructor Assistant (IA)
RANGE LAYOUT
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Fire Line
Shooting Lane
Booth
Waiting Area/ Cleaning Area
Down Range
Bullet Stop
Range Command
HOW TO TAKE CONTROL OF A
LOADED FIREARM
• Approach from non-dominant side (left, for a right
handed shooter).
• Grasp the barrel with your non-dominant hand.
Control the muzzle.
• Have the shooter step back.
• Use your strong hand to control the firearm.
• Determine the stoppage, clear it and unload the
firearm.
• Tell the shooter what went wrong and how to
prevent it from happening again.
Range Safety and Rules.
Categories of Range Rules
• NRA Gun Safety Rules
– 3 Fundamental Rules for Safe Gun Handling
– 8 Rules for Using or Storing a Gun
• General Range Rules
• Site-Specific Range Rules
• Administrative Rules
NRA Gun Safety Rules
Three Fundamental Rules for Safe Gun Handling
1. ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
2. ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger
until ready to shoot.
3. ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
GENERAL Range Safety Rules
• Know and obey all range rules.
• Know where others are at all times.
• Shoot only at authorized targets.
GENERAL Range Safety Rules
• Designate an RSO when none is present or
assigned.
• Do not handle a firearm or stand at the firing line
where firearms are present while others are
downrange.
• Stop shooting immediately upon the command
“CEASE FIRING”.
GENERAL Range Safety Rules
• Hygiene Guidelines (shooting & cleaning)
– Refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, applying
makeup, or placing your hands in proximity to your
mouth or nose while on the range or cleaning a gun.
• Change and wash clothing after a shooting or gun
cleaning session to minimize exposure to airborne
particulate lead or solvent and cleaning product
residues.
GENERAL Range Safety Rules
• Special Concerns
– Pregnant women, children under seven years of age,
and others who have concerns should consult a
physician before visiting shooting ranges.
– For young children and pregnant women, lead exposure
is the primary risk factor. Amniotic fluid protects the
child in the womb, and manufacturers produce childsize hearing protectors and safety glasses.
Enforcement of Range Rules
• The range SOPs guide the RSO and users
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Educate to reduce incidents
Warning
Penalties
Removal from range
Loss of range access
Deb’s Range Rules
You must be 21 yrs of age or with someone who is to use our range.
You must have an ID to use the range!
When entering the Store
All firearms need to be in a holster, box, range bag etc…
Not in your HAND !!!!!!
All ammunition must be copper jacketed to shoot in this range!
Firearms that are allowed in the range:
Handguns .22 LR. - 50 A.E.
Rifles in those handgun calibers
Firearms that we do not allow in the range:
500 Winchester, 460 S& W, 17 HMR, .22 Jet, 7.62 x
NO Black Powder
NO Shotguns
NO High powered rifles
No hot loads!
Since this is a publicly used facility You must shoot at your own risk!
No small bulls eye targets may be brought into this range
Out of State Visitors must have state Identification with them in order to use our range.
Must be 21 or accompanied by an adult.
Must have FOID card or equivalent to rent a firearm.
Firearm rental $10.00
You must buy our ammunition for ALL RENTAL FIREARMS
MALFUNCTIONS ON THE LINE
• Eventually you all shooters that continue to shoot
will come across a malfunction
WHAT IS A STOPPAGE?
• A stoppage is an unintentional interruption in the
operational cycle of a firearm.
• Examples
– Bolt fails to lock the cartridge in position
– Double Feed
– Failure of the cylinder to rotate in a revolver
CYCLE OF OPERATION
• Cycle of Operation has 8 Steps
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Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
WHAT IS A MALFUNCTION
• The failure of a firearm to function as
designed or fire satisfactorily
• Two categories
– Firearm malfunction (broken sear)
– Ammo malfunction (misfire, double charge)
AMMUNITION MALFUNCTIONS
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Misfire
Hangfire
Squib load
What should the shooter do?
– Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction and wait 30+ seconds
– Raise the non-shooting hand for assistance or clear it, if the
shooter knows how
CLEAR A STOPPAGE
• What do we need to know?
– Parts of the firearm
– How to SAFELY operate the firearm
• Load
• Fire
• Unload
Ruger Mark III
Ruger Mark III
Ruger Mark III
Ruger Mark III
Ruger Mark III
Magazine must be removed
and slide must be locked
open to be in safe state
Smith & Wesson 22-A
Smith & Wesson 22A
Smith & Wesson 22-A
Smith & Wesson 22-A
Deb’s Range
6819 Kennedy Ave, Hammond, IN 46323 (219) 845-8880
Deb’s Gun Range
Let’s Be Careful Out There

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