Slide 1

Report
Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture
National Network
– An Overview
Malkangiri, May, 2012
Research
Industry
Seeds
Extension
Premises of Agriculture
Policy and investments
in India :
1.
2.
3.
Irrigation
Fertilisers
4.
Transport
Input-response
Intensive inputs
Well-endowed areas
(water/ soils /
topography)
High productivity &
surplus generation
Creating
Demand
Storage
Credit
Price
Support
Machinery
Energy
Labour
Energy
This has become de facto agriculture policy, even extended to rainfed areas
Singular agricultural policy ‘naturally’
discriminated the rainfed areas……
Research
Industry
Seeds
Fertilisers
Transport
Extension
• Undulating
• Marginal lands
• Low soil Irrigation
depth
• High climate variability
• interior
• Low inputs
Machinery
•…..
Creating
Demand
Storage
Price Support
Labour
What Public Policy Support is Available?
The Story of
Rainfed
Areas!!
Rainfed Areas : where 84% of rural poor live!!
Rural Poverty Geography of the Country
Irrigated Lands
5
Poverty Clusters
POVERTY
DISTRESS
DEGRADATION
Parity in Public Investments!
90000
Annual Subsidy on fertilisers
80000
70000
Cumulative investments
on watershed
development in 40 years
60000
50000
40000
30000
20000
10000
0
Mid-term review of XI plan, Planning Commission
Inherent disparities in public investments:
What can a
rainfed farmer
do if such a
support is
available on an
annual basis>
Fertiliser Subsidy : Rs/ ha (year 2007)
4500
4000
Fertiliser consumption
kg/ ha
160
140
3500
120
3000
100
2500
80
2000
60
1500
40
1000
20
500
0
irrigated unirrigated
0
Punjab
AP
haryana
TN
Karnataka
MP
Orissa
Rajasthan
Parity in investments:
Investments
300000
Rs. Per ha
What can a rainfed
farmer do if such
investments are
available for
moisture
management?
250000
200000
150000
100000
50000
0
Irrigation
Watershed
RRA network is attempting to evolve
a framework and advocates for…
• Differentiated policies for rainfed agriculture
(including livestock and fisheries)
• Parity and substantial scaling up of public
investments for revitalising rainfed areas
• Appropriate framework for public
investments – rooted in a paradigm relevant
for rainfed areas.
Drivers of Agriculture Growth so far…
• Expansion of irrigation- mainly groundwater led,
of late..
• Replacement of seeds – varieties, hybrids and GM
• Intensification of fertilizer use through subsidies
• Promotion of pesticides, herbicides
• Mechanization (to some extent)
• ..rest are cursory..
National food security, Productivity enhancement, focus on wellendowed surplus generating regions .. Are the key processes.
Multiple Crises …
•
•
•
•
•
Technology fatigue
Failing fertiliser use efficiency
Stagnant Total Factor Productivity
Low growth with high input subsidies
Subsidies surpassing investments
ECOLOGICAL
•
•
•
•
•
Acute Farmers’ distress
Poverty & hunger..
Droughts
Left Wing Extremism
High inflation in food ..
•
•
•
•
ECONOMIC
Soil degradation
Expanding ‘dark’ groundwater areas
Increasing costs
Increasing Climate Change risks
SOCIAL
More of the SAME drivers….
• Do we continue with the same Drivers while
planning for the Rainfed Areas?
• Are the Agro-Geographies and the AgroEcologies the same?
• What are the appropriate Drivers / Engines of
Inclusive Growth for rainfed areas?
• Growth – without distress, inclusive of people
and sustainable?
More of the SAME distress….??
Agro-Ecologies are location specific
• Varying rainfall regimes (humid, sub-humid,
semi-arid and arid regions)
• High rainfall risks
• Location specific topography, mostly
undulating
• Low soil depth in large areas
• Diverse land use
• …etc.
What to be achieved?
• National food security
» OR LOCAL/ HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY ?
• Productivity Growth
» OR INCOME GROWTH?
• Single Crop / single Animal productivity
» OR SYSTEM / AREA PRODUCTIVITY?
• Intensive growth in well-endowed areas
» Or EXTENSIVE GROWTH IN ALL AREAS?
• Intensive irrigation for few
» OR EXTENSIVE SUPPORT IRRIGATION FOR ALL?
These are questions on the paradigm
Drivers / Growth Engines of a Relevant Paradigm
for Rainfed Areas
1. Soil productivity through organic matter addition
2. Supplementary/ critical irrigation – protecting kharif
crops at scale
3. Millets and local food security
4. Agronomic & Management Revolution:
– System of Rice Intensification
– Crop systems, NPM and other SA.
5. Diverse crop systems
6. Extensive livestock –support systems and focus on
meat animals and bullocks
7. Fisheries in rainfed water bodies
8. Invest on commons
9. Farmers’ institutions
Relevant Paradigm for rainfed areas
•
•
•
•
Soils and Rainfall Use Efficiency
Protective irrigation
Strengthening extensive livestock systems and Commons
Diverse and location specific crop systems (related seed
systems)
• Promote agronomic innovations
• Reduce costs and external input use
• Household and local Food Security
TOTAL DECENTRALISATION, LOCATION SPECIFIC DRIVERS,
INVEST ON INSTITUTIONAL INNOVATIVE CAPACITIES AND
FACILITATION, INTEGRATE PROGRAMS INTO A RELEVANT
PARADIGM AT THE BLOCK LEVEL, ITERATIVE PLANNING AND
IMPLEMENTATION & LEARNING
RRA Network – as emerging
[email protected]
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Networking
Collaboration
Partnership
Anchorage
Identification
RRA- NODES
•
•
•
•
•
•
Soils : Chetna Organic
Seeds: CIKS
Water: ACWADAM
Fisheries: WASSAN
Millets: WASSAN
SRI : National
Consortium on SRI
(PRADAN)
• Budgetory Analysis:
CBGA
• Research : Re-Searching
Rainfed Agrl, Group
(IGIDR, IIM-Ah, Nistads,
SPS) & ERU, JNU
• Communication:
Barapani
• Secretariat : WASSAN
RRA Network – as emerging
Network
[email protected]
www.rainfedindia.org
Collaboration
Partnership
CORE

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