Document

Report
Lecture 4:
Recent
phylogenetic
developments
Freshwater et al. 1994
Freshwater et al. 1994
Rhodymeniales: history and present situation
• Natural group of algae with a very
uniform female reproductive system
• Not considered related to either
the Cryptonemiales nor the
Gigartinales
• 4 families are currently recognized
In 1996 Saunders &
Kraft, based on 18S
rDNA sequence
analysis,recircumscrib
ed the Cryptonemiales
with only two families
(Halymeniaceae and
Sebdeniaceae) and
renamed it the
Halymeniales
100
75
51
100
96
100
95
96
51
98
55
100
64
97
100
100
*
100
97
98
100
100
98
100
100
98
100
100
100
97
100
100
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
73
55
100
100
100
96
100
58
79
100
100
84
99
100
91
100
100
100
87
98
94
100
97
Nemastomatales
100
56
Car popelti s maillardii TAIWAN
Grateloupi a l ivida JAPAN
Grateloupi a tur uturu JAPAN
Grateloupi a sp. PANAMA
Grateloupi a dichotoma BRAZIL
Grateloupi a ramosissima TAIWAN Halym e niace ae
Hal ymenia flori dana BRAZIL
Cryptonemia luxurians BRAZIL
Cor ynomorpha cl avata FL, USA
Polyopes constrictus S. AFRICA
Pachymenia carnosa S. AFRICA
Sebdeni a monardiana ITALY
Se bde niace ae
Sebdeni a integr a LA, USA
"Nemastoma " lanceolatum S. AFRICA
Dendr ymenia skottsber gii CHILE
Epymeni a capensis S. AFRICA
Rhodymenia pseudopal mata
TX, USA Rhodymeniaceae
Cor dylecladi a erecta IRELAND
Botr yocl adia shanskii PANAMA
Chr ysymenia procumbens
TAIWAN
Cer atodictyon spongi osum
TAIWAN
Lomentar iaceae
Gel idi opsi s sp. MEXICO
Lomentaria hakodatensi s
FRANCE
Faucheaceae
Fauchea laci ni ata AK, USA
Gastr oclonium subarticulatum
NC, USA Champi aceae
Champia compr essa FL, USA
Schizymenia dubyi FRANCE
Schizymenia dubyi JAPAN
Schizymenia obovata S. AFRICA
Schizymenia sp. CHINA
Schizymenia sp. JAPAN
Schizymenia sp. JAPAN
Schizymenia paci fica WA, USA
Schizymenia paci fica WA, USA
Platoma chrysymenioides sp. nov. LA, USA
Schizym e niace ae
Platoma chrysymenioides sp. nov. LA, USA
Platoma cycl oclol pa AZORES
Platoma cycloclolpa CANARY ISLANDS
Platoma sp. TAIWAN
Titanophor a pikeana S. AFRICA
Titanophor a incrustans LA, USA
Titanophor a weber ae TAIWAN
Predaea feldmannii PUERTORICO
Predaea feldmannii PANAMA
Ne m as tom atace ae
Predaea sp. LA, USA
Nemastoma canariensis
CANARY ISLANDS
Nemastoma canariensis
CANARY ISLANDS
Gel idi um ameri canum NC, USA Ge lidiale s
Pter ocladi a l ucida N. ZEALAND
Cer amium di aphanum NC, USA
Bostrychia radicans MS, USA
Heter osiphonia plumosa FRANCE Ce r am iales
Del esseria sanguinea IRELAND
Graci lar iopsis lemaneiformis PERU
Gr acilar iale s
Graci lar ia bur sapastori s UK
Mychodea hamata AUSTRALIA
Fur cellaria lumbr icalis FRANCE
Agardhiell a subulata NC, USA
Caulacanthace ae -com ple x
Soli er ia fi liformis PANAMA
Rhodophyllis divari cata FRANCE
Dicranema revoluta AUSTRALIA
Caulacanthus ustulatus
Phyllophor a cr ispa IRELAND
Gigar tinale s
Gigar tina pisti llata FRANCE
Phacelocarpus tortuosus S. AFRICA
Sphae rooccace ae Nizymenia australi s AUSTRALIA
Sphaerococcus cor onopifolius
IRELAND com plex
Por tieria hor nemannii S. AFRICA
Dumonti a contorta RI, USA
Dum ontiace ae -com ple x
Cal lophyll is pi nnata CHILE
Kall ymenia r eniformis FRANCE
Rhodogorgonale s
Rhodogorgon car riebowensi s JAMAICA
Pseudol itophyl lum muricatum
CANADA
Cor allinale s
Plocam iale s
Plocamium car tilagineum IRELAND
Sar codia montagneana N. ZEALAND
Sarcodiace ae
Bonnemaisonia aspar agoi des
NORWAY
Bonne m ais oniale s
Del isea flaccida S. AFRICA
Ahnfeltia plicata UK
Ahnfe ltiale s
Cryptonemiales
100
55
99
54
Rhodymeniales
Bayes an analys is
Major ity r ule
Gavio et al. 2005
Putative evolutionary scenarios for the type of Golgi association (ER; ERm =ER &
mitochondrial; NU=nuclear) & presence vs. absence (PT, NPT, respectively, or Mix for
both) of peripheral encircling thylakoids are provided
Yoon et al. 2006
Gigartinaceae
(Hommersand et al. 1999)
Gigartinaceae
Hommersand et al. 1994

similar documents