Slide 1

Report
Seminar on the environmentally sound management
of banks of ozone-depleting substances
Agenda item 4(d)
Experience of leveraging funds under the Strategic Approach to International
Chemicals Management (SAICM) to detail the scope and location of stocks of
ozone depleting substances available for destruction
IDENTIFYING AND MOBILIZING FUNDS
– CASE STUDY – MACEDONIA
Marin Kocov
National Ozone Unit
Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
Republic of Macedonia
Geneva, 14 June 2010
Montreal Protocol, Stockholm
Convention and SAICM
Linkages between different global
initiatives towards Sound Management of
Chemicals
Montreal Protocol
Name of the project
(USD)
Country Programme – Feasibility Study
6.000
Development of the Country Programme
72.105
Institutional strengthening – Phase I
Phasing out of CFCs at refrigeration plant of "Frinko"
152.900
1.081.724
Phasing out of CFC-11 from flexible slabstock foam manufacturing at "Sileks"
520.125
Phasing out CFC-11 from manufacturing of rigid PU sandwich panels at "Sileks"
284.236
Institutional strengthening – Phase II
101.950
Development of the Refrigeration Management Plan
30.000
Refrigeration Management Plan
327.224
Demonstration project on the alternatives to the use of methyl bromide
259.600
Institutional strengthening – Phase III
101.950
Development of the project to phase out of methyl bromide in tobacco seedlings and horticulture
Phase out of methyl bromide in tobacco seedlings and horticulture
Halon Management Plan
20.000
1.075.207
25.000
Institutional strengthening – Phase IV
132.347
Terminal Phase-out Management Plan
279.081
Chiller demonstration project
178.179
Institutional strengthening – Phase V
132.347
Development of the HPMP
85.000
HPMP
1.030.000
TOTAL funding from the Multilateral Fund - all ODSs (550 MT), except HCFCs, were phased-out
5.894.975
Stockholm Convention
The management of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
started in 2002 with implementation of the GEF project
"Enabling activities to facilitate early action on the
implementation of the Stockholm Convention on POPs“
– GEF grant US$ 497.000.
The main objective of the project was the preparation of
the National Implementation Plan (NIP) on the reduction
and elimination of POPs.
The NIP was prepared by the POPs Unit under the
Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning with
multi-stakeholders participation and adopted by the
Macedonian Government in the beginning of 2005.
The experience gained from the Montreal Protocol was
crucial for expeditiously prepared NIP. This was made
possible thanks to the National Ozone Unit funded from
the MLF serving as a model throughout all other post
NIP activities including the SAICM.
Post NIP Activities
Project title
Duration
Donor
Amount
Efficient Energy Distribution Programme (30 tones low voltage
capacitors phased-out and replaced with new ones)
Component IV- assistance to the POPs Unit
20042006
Switzerland
Public awareness activities for PCBs management
2006
Switzerland
25.500 CHF/23.000 US$
Inventory Development and Initial Mainstreaming of the PCB
Management within the National Policy Framework
20072008
Switzerland
Government/MKD
65.000 CHF/58.500 US$
5.000 CHF/4.500 US$
Development of MSP for stabilization of POPs in landfills
2005
GEF
Government/MKD
25.000 US$
34.000 US$
Development of MSP Phasing out of PCBs and PCB containing
equipment
2007
GEF
Government/MKD
43.000 US$
10.000 US$
PPP - Phasing-out and elimination of PCBs and PCB-contaminated
equipment in Republic of Macedonia
20062008
Germany
MSP Phasing out of 150 tonnes of PCBs and PCB containing
equipment
2007
GEF
UNIDO
Government/MKD
Other stakeholders
Elimination of 4 tonnes of hazardous chemicals (DDT, MeBr, Cyclon
B) stored in the Institute for Public Health in the City of Skopje
20052006
Switzerland
Feasibility Study for Remediation of HCH (Lindane)
2008
Czech Republic
Development of a project – proposal for elimination of chemical waste
in the Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Macedonia
Ongoing
Norway
Government/MKD
10.000 EURO/~13.500 US$
5.000 EURO/~6.500 US$
Disposal of waste chemicals from the Institute of Public Health of the
Republic of Macedonia
Ongoing
Switzerland
Government/MKD
96.000 CHF/~85.500 US$
3.000 CHF/~2.500 US$
Waste Oils Management System - Private Partnership Programme
Ongoing
Germany
Government/MKD
?
15.000 EURO/~20.000 US$
3.000.000 CHF/2.700.000 US$
200.000 CHF/180.000 US$
400.000 EURO/532.000 US$
957.000 US$
20.000 US$
770.000 US$
995.000 US$
72.000 CHF/~65.000 US$
300.000 EURO/~400.000 US$
Macedonian Experience with chemicals and
the related Global Initiatives
Respectable number of projects linked with different groups
of hazardous chemicals (ODSs, POPs) were
implemented in the country
Excellent cooperation was established with all relevant
stakeholders involved in all phases of chemical
management
Despite all previous activities, Macedonia has not yet
finalized the formulation of a National Chemical Profile
Therefore, the development and formulation of its National
Chemical Profile has been included as one of the
objectives and proposed activities in the project
“Development and Mainstreaming of a National Plan on
SAICM Implementation for the Republic of Macedonia”.
Strategic Approach to International
Chemicals Management (SAICM)
The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
(SAICM) is a policy framework to promote chemical safety around the
world. SAICM has as its overall objective the achievement of the sound
management of chemicals throughout their life cycle so that, by 2020,
chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant
adverse impacts on human health and the environment. This “2020 goal”
was adopted by the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002
as part of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
SAICM comprises the Dubai Declaration on International Chemicals
Management, expressing high-level political commitment to SAICM, and
an Overarching Policy Strategy which sets out its scope, needs,
objectives, financial considerations underlying principles and approaches
and implementation and review arrangements.
The Declaration and Strategy are accompanied by a Global Plan of Action
that serves as a working tool and guidance document to support
implementation of SAICM and other relevant international instruments and
initiatives.
Global Plan of Action
Recommended for use and further development in 36 work areas and 273 activities
structured in accordance with the 5 categories of SAICM objectives:
• Measures to support risk reduction
• Strengthening knowledge and information
• Governance: strengthening of institutions, law and policy
• Addressing illegal international traffic
• Improved general practices
It is anticipated that Governments and other stakeholders will adopt flexible
programmes to build and sustain adequate and comprehensive capabilities for
the sound management of chemicals consistent with national circumstances and
the Strategic Approach objectives.
SAICM’s Financial Mechanism - QSP TF
Quick Start Programme - Trust Fund
Time-limited trust fund was officially established by
UNEP on 1 December 2006 and will be open to
receive contributions until 30 November 2011.
Since 2006, the QSP trust fund has received
contributions for a total of $23,574,000 from 23
donors.
Developing countries and countries with economies in
transition are eligible for support from the Trust
Fund.
Priority to Least Developed Countries and Small Island
States
Applications
Applications to the QSP trust fund can be submitted twice a year.
The ninth round of applications will close on 27 August 2010.
The application guidelines can be found on
http://www.saicm.org
SAICM secretariat
Fax: +41 22 797 34 60
E- mail: [email protected]
Proposals may be presented by SAICM participating
Governments that have given appropriate formal recognition to
SAICM, at a minimum by having designated an official SAICM
national focal point.
“Development and Mainstreaming of a National Plan
on SAICM Implementation for the Republic of
Macedonia”.
Approved by the Quick Start Programme Trust Fund in
October 2006, among the first three countries that applied
for funds in the first round.
QSP TF funding 248.400 US$
Government contribution 62.400 US$
TOTAL 310.800 US$
The Project Document was signed between the Ministry of
Environment and Physical Planning and UNDP as an
Implementing Agency in April 2008.
The Project Management Unit was established in August 2008,
as a continuation of the activities for implementation of the
projects related to ODSs, POPs and other chemicals.
Now the whole process is much faster, theoretically 8 weeks
The highest priorities identified in
the SAICM Project in compliance
with the Global Plan of Action
• Establishment of legal, policy and institutional basis for Sound
Management of Chemicals
• Waste and obsolete chemicals management
• Remediation of contaminated sites
• Human health protection
• Sound Agricultural Practice in order to reduce and prevent further
pollution of soils, air and water.
• Civil society and non-governmental organization (NGO) participation
• Stakeholders participation
• Research and monitoring
• Education and Training
WASTE
Substance
Waste
ODP
ODP
(in kg.)
Halon 1301
GWP
(in kg.)
GWP
(in kg.)
155,5
10
1.555
7.140
1.110.270
20.000
1,1
22.000
1.400
28.000.000
CFC-11
410
1
410
4.750
1.947.500
CFC-12
476
1
476
10.890
5.183.640
HCFC-22
45,7
0,055
2,51
1.810
82.717
Mixture of
HCFC-2285.9%;
HFC-1344.5%; HC9.7%
13,6
0,047
0,64
1.613
21.943
HFC-410A
12,35
0
0
1.890
23.342
CCl4
Total
21.113
24.444
36.369.412
Funds (30.000 US$) for collection and storage of the unwanted ODSs
were made available from the Government.
Chemicals issue:
the past and the current situation
• Term chemicals previously was not recognized in
National legislation and policy planning documents
• It was introduced for the first time in the Law on
Chemicals adopted in 2007
• Chemicals in the planning documents were addressed
only through different sectors
• Lack of existing data related to chemicals, regular
monitoring system, particularly in the health sector, such
as human exposure and the chemicals impact on human
health and the environment.
•SAICM project helped to address all chemicals together
•SAICM, Stockholm Convention, Montreal Protocol are
under one umbrella at the Ministry of Environment and
Physical Planning
Lack of Capacities
Is it a challenge or advantage for small countries?
Focal point for Montreal Protocol
Official contact point for the Stockholm Convention
Focal point for SAICM
Mobilized funds- Summary
Donor
MLF
GEF
QSP TF
UNIDO
Switzerland
Germany
Czech Republic
Italy
Norway
Government of Macedonia
Others from Macedonia
TOTAL
Number of
projects
20
4
1
1
6
2
1
1
1
41
Amount (US$)
5.894.975
1.522.000
248.400
20.000
3.112.000
532.000
400.000
332.500
13.500
939.000
995.000
14.009.375
CONCLUSION
Mobilized funds
Government – satisfactorily - according the possibilities
MLF – excellent opportunity
Bilateral – very good opportunity in case of Macedonia
GEF – Good opportunity but Co-funding is a big challenge
SAICM - despite the limited funds it is an excellent tool to merge
Multilateral Environmental Agreements (Stockholm, Rotterdam,
Basel, Montreal) under one umbrella.

similar documents