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Report
Cooperative Research Network
Solving Problems with Innovation
and R&D
The Alaska Power Association
August 7, 2009
Tom Lovas
Senior Program Manager and Consultant
Strategic Alliances, Alaska Coordination
National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Co-op Principal Mission
Reliable electric service
at an affordable cost
CRN Overview
Organization and Role
Research Focus Areas
Advisor Outreach/MAG Programs
Alliances/Partnerships
Stimulus Projects
Participation and Ideas Count!
Research Arm of NRECA
Long-term Planning & Preparation
• 5-7 years
• Alliances & Partnerships
• Tech Gateway
• Industry Leadership
Short-term Relevance &
Responsiveness
• 2-5 Year Focus
• Monitor, Evaluate, Apply Tech
• Tech Surveillance
• Leverage Resources
Central Strategic Resource
Collaborative Research
• Entire Co-op Family
• Members Business Decision Making
• NRECA Policy Development
• Co-op Sister Organizations
• Trusted Business Advisor
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CRN Governance
NRECA Board of
Directors
Cooperative
Research Council
Budget & Audit and
Quality Control
Committee
Co-op Technology Advisors
Membership &
Alliances and
Partnerships
Committee
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Updated Focus Areas - 2009
Greenhouse Gas Management & Utilization
 Keeping fossil generation economically viable
Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy
 Building a sustainable supply base meeting policy, environment
and cost needs
Delivery Systems Reliability
 Improving distribution and transmission through research and
standardization
The “Smarter Grid”
 Moving systematically but cost-effectively to an “IT-Smart” world
WWW.CRN.COOP
Log on using your Cooperative.com ID and password to get:
•
•
•
•
Reports
• Original CRN research
• CRN partners (includes
Chartwell, NEETRAC,
CEATI,
E Source, and DSTAR)
Tech Surveillance Magazine
• Articles
• Field reports
• Fact sheets
Custom software developed
specifically for co-ops
Technical guides and more
CRN Outreach
Semiannual Advisory Meetings
Energy Innovation Summits
Tech Surveillance
E-Updates
Report Distribution
Technology Demonstrations
Industry Conferences
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Advanced Technologies
of Current Interest to CRN
Generation
Supercritical & Ultrasupercritical Boilers
Passive Nuclear Systems
Integrated Gasification
Combined Cycle
Multi-Pollutant Controls
Biomass Co-firing
Renewables
Animal Waste to Energy
Systems
Biofuels and Biomass
CT Solar Inlet Air
Chillers
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
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Advanced Technologies
of Current Interest to CRN
Energy Storage
Electric Thermal Storage
(Ice and Heat)
Advanced Batteries
Wind/Hydrogen
Compressed Air
Flywheels
Grid Management
Transmission
Optimization Systems
Distribution Automation
Power Loss Management
Power Quality Sources
Real-Time Reliability
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Strategic Alliances
Absolutely Critical
 CRN strategy:
• Knowledge of excellent initiatives by many
different organizations
• Harvest and prepare a useable database
• Outreach strategy for relevant resources
• Managing those resources for rich productivity
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Strategic Alliances
Examples:
Electric Power Research Institute
Idaho National Laboratory
West Virginia University
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Univ. of Kentucky: Center for Applied Energy
Research
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Carbon Capture Symposium
Support from WVU-NETL
Held April 30 – May 1, 2009
• All presentations on CRN website at
Result # 09-01: CO2 Capture Symposium
• Video recordings of presentations will
be available shortly on a public site.
CO2 Capture
“State of the Art”
Economics and
operational impacts of
carbon capture
technologies for coal
fired power plants.
Power Plant CO2 Capture
Key Challenges to Retrofits
Space limitations — 7-10 acres needed for current scrubbing
Major equipment modifications
Regeneration steam availability — can steam turbine operate at
part load?
4. Sulfur — additional deep sulfur removal required for most CO2
sorbents
5. Make-up power — satisfy need to maintain baseload output
6. Water availability
7. Local storage availability (saline formation, EOR)
8. Scheduling outages for CO2 retrofits
9. Post-retrofit dispatch implications due to increase in COE
10. Retrofit triggering New Source Review
11. Proposed legislation—How much to capture?
1.
2.
3.
Carbon Dioxide Capture from Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants, U.S. Department of
Energy-National Energy Technology Laboratory, Revised Final Report, November 2007
Directives to CRN
• Increase focus on ‘Algae Technologies’
• Monitor Only for Amine Scrubbing
• More appropriate for EPRI and large generators
• Maintain work on Capture & Sequestration
• Increase emphasis on Agricultural &
Terrestrial Approaches
INL and CRN Alliance
Addresses Hybrid Energy Systems Integration
INL positioned to provide technical
coordination, and emerging
components for HES configurations
 INL is an energy systems laboratory with
test beds, energy subject matter experts,
and energy systems engineering
capabilities critical to implementing HES
approach
CRN positioned to lead HES
implementation by serving as a “living
laboratory” test bed and demonstration
site and helping infuse funds into rural
economies by funding relevant HES
projects in its members’ geographic
service areas
 CRN is part of NRECA, a national service
organization representing >900 member
generation and transmission cooperatives,
serving 40 million people in 47 states.
INL and CRN are positioned to help lead the
United States in transforming its energy
future through hybrid energy system
approaches
What are “Hybrid Energy Systems”?
• Examples could include:
– Integration of renewable energy
with conventional fossil energy
development
– Microgrids utilizing renewable
energy sources
– Integration of nuclear energy
and unconventional fossil
energy development
– Integrated with multipleintegrated generating sources
providing electricity, fuels, and
chemical products
Concept advanced through creation of Local
and Regional Energy Clusters
Necessity is Driving
Smart Grid Investments
 Reduced truck rolls
– Automated Meter Reading (AMR)—lowbandwidth “turtle” meter
– Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)—twoway communications for improved operations.
Half of all co-ops have at least some AMI
Necessity is Driving
Smart Grid Investments
 Interoperable software: Multispeak voluntary
specification
– Speed data transfer
– Distribution operations software
– Internet-protocol based for scalability
– Supported by 48 vendors, including Siemens
and Oracle
– Harmonize with Common Interface Model
Demand Response Investments
Co-ops can control 6% of peak load;
almost half have demand response programs:
 77% - direct control of water heaters, pool
heaters, air conditioners
 44% - interruptible contracts
 30% - time-of-use or real-time rates
 16% - voluntary interruptions
Energy Efficiency Investments
 Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
 Low-temperature Heat Pump
 Thermal Energy Storage for residential
cooling
 Waste-Heat-to-Power
 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles & Battery
Electric Vehicles
Co-op Large-Scale
Investments in Innovation
 CO2 Capture & Sequestration
 Basin Electric Power Co-op, ND
 Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle
 Wabash Valley Power Association, IN
 Compressed-Air Energy Storage
 PowerSouth Energy Co-op, AL
 Utility-scale Battery Energy Storage
 Golden Valley Electric Assn, AK
The Electric Cooperative Network
 A national “living” laboratory
 Technology is often the most significant
variable under a co-op’s control
 Solutions are tailored to local conditions
and shared among cooperatives
ARRA “Stimulus” Funding
Proposals
Development and Administrative
Support for
TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION
PROJECTS
Congress’ View of the Smart Grid
Energy Independence & Security Act 2007:
• Use of digital information and control
technologies for dynamic operation of grid,
distribution automation, etc.
• Incorporation of renewables, DG
• Deployment of automated technologies to
operate smart appliances, home automation
• Integration of storage, PHEV
• Timely information to consumers and control
options, demand response
Smart Grid Supports 21st-Century Demand
The grid of the last century:
large, centralized plants ship
power in one direction —
to the customer
The modern grid incorporates new
centralized plants with
renewables, distributed
generation, “aggregated” backup
generators, energy storage, and
demand-response programs —
seamlessly and safely
What are the Technologies of the
“Smart Grid?”
 Two-way
communications for
“end-to-end
connectivity”
 Distributed computing
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


Intelligent electronic sensors, relays
Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)
Optimization software
Data Management Systems
Proposed CRN Demo
Enhanced Distribution and
Demand Management
Data generated at any point becomes available at
any other point
Regional Demonstration Benefits
• End-to-End Demand Management
• Peak Reduction Programs through Two-Way Load
Control
• Utility-Consumer Technology & Pricing Pilots
• Advanced Distribution Grid Management
• Integrated Systems Advances & Studies
• Meter Data Management (MDM) Applications &
Uses
• Distribution Automation Applications & Studies
15 Subcategory Activities, for
Practical, cost-effective results
SG Demo Organization
• Total project estimate $65+ million, upwards of
$32.5+ million from DOE
• 26 coops across 11 states, incl. G&T
• NRECA staff, consultants, partners helping
define technical needs, requirements, costs
• Centralized support by NRECA
Proposed CRN Demo
Energy Storage for
Grid Support
Storage Benefits
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Defer T&D equipment upgrades
Provide arbitrage opportunities
Reduce loads at congestion points
Reduce ramping impacts of renewables
Reduce demand charges
Potentially reduce need for new lines
Reduce fault-induced delayed voltage
recovery
Co-op Utility-Scale Energy Storage
 Defer transmission line through pristine land and shave
peaks
– Central Electric Power Co-op, SC
 Support overloaded substations and shift wind from offpeak to peak hours.
– Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative
 Support military base and shift photovoltaic generation
from shoulder hours to peak hours & add stability to lowinertia system
– Kauai Island Utility Co-op, HI
 Improve diesel generator operation and shift wind from off
peak to peak hours
– Kotzebue Electric Assoc., AK
Premium Power Corporation TransFlow 2000
500 kW, 3.7 MWh, 7.4 hours, 480 V
Low Cost, High Energy Density, Environmentally
Safe, Small Footprint, Long Life (Cycle Life)
Tech
Web
Conference
Oct. 21
CRN Advisory Groups
 Broad Spectrum
– Generation, Fuels and
Environment
– Transmission & Substation
Assets
– Renewable & Distributed Energy
– Distribution Operations Best Practices
– Energy Innovations
– Information and Digital
Technologies
 Members Serve 3+3 yrs.
 Seats Available!
Participation and Ideas Count!
Don’t Hesitate – Join an Advisory
Group
&
Send your research and
demonstration ideas
We welcome your input and involvement.
Thank you!
Tom Lovas
Senior Program Manager
Consultant
Cooperative Research Network
[email protected]
907-345-5116
Courtesy NASA
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