Document

Report
A Review of Climate Change Regulatory
Framework and Applications in Qatar
with Special References to
RasGas Company Limited’s Facilities
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
RasGas Company Limited
10 March 2009
Outline:
Climate Change Regulatory Framework
Qatar’s CO2 Emissions
Policies and Initiatives in Qatar
CO2 Capture and Injection at RasGas
Challenges and Opportunities in Qatar
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
Climate Change Regulatory Framework
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)
Kyoto Protocol
Joint Implementation (JI)
Flexible
Mechanisms
Emission Trading (ET)
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
CDM in 2008:
CDM Process:
 Intent: “stabilization of greenhouse
gas concentrations in the atmosphere
at a level that would prevent
dangerous
Annex I parties
can purchase
GHG emission
anthropogenic
interference
reductions
creditssystem”
through financial exchanges
with the climate
or implementing projects that reduce emissions
 CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, HFCs, PFCs
 Non Annex 1 parties: no GHG emission
 Target reduction
of 5.2%
of GHG
restrictions,
but financial
incentives
emissions for Annex 1 parties (1990
basis)
 In 2008: 183 parties ratified the
1. Prepare
Project
Designas
Document
-1,146
projects
registered
CDM, 1.3(PDD):
billion CERs
protocol
additionality, outline alternatives, investment
analysis
- Over
3,000 projects in the pipeline, 2.7 billion CERs by 2012
2. Approval from Designated National Authority
Bali Roadmap
3. Designated Operational
Entity (DOE) for
Validation
Consensus for updated
changes

 To be finalized in 2009
4. Approval from Executive Board
5. Designated Operational Entity for Verification
6. Issuance of Certified Emissions Reductions
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
Post Kyoto…
Qatar’s CO2 Emissions
UNDP, 2008
 Highest Per Capita CO2 emissions
 In 2006, CO2 emissions dominated by:
 Oil & Gas (70%)
 Electricity & Water (20%)
 Transport/Construction (10%)
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
Policies and Initiatives in Qatar
Flaring Reduction
- World Bank’s Global
Gas Flaring Reduction
- Qatar Zero Flaring
Target
Ministry of Environment (MoE)
- Designated National Authority
- Ratified in 2005
- Non Annex 1
National Committee for Climate
- Chair NCCC
Change (NCCC)
- Supreme National Policy
Formulating Body
Qatar Petroleum (QP)
- Industry Committee on Climate
Change
- Industry Emissions Inventory
Committee
- CDM guidelines
- CDM registration for Al Shaheen
Project
Research & Development
- Energy Research &
State of Qatar
Climate Change Fund
- CCS Research Project
- Investment of QIA into
UK fund for renewable
General Secretariat for
projects
Development Planning (GSDP)
- Qatar National Vision 2030:
Framework for National
Strategies and Implementation
Plans
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
Industry (Oil & Gas)
- GHG reporting
- Voluntary Projects
RasGas at a glance…

1971: North Field Discovered

World Largest non-associated natural gas field

900 Trillion SCF (20% of world gas reserves)

1991: QP started Commercial Development

1999: RasGas 1st LNG Production

Venture between QP and ExxonMobil

Production:

One of the Largest Integrated Gas Facility in the
World

Largest LNG Plant in the World

5 LNG Trains - 20.7 MTA capacity

Sales Gas, LPG, Condensate and Helium
production

Expansion:

2 LNG Trains (15.6 MTA), Sales Gas and Helium

Greater than 30,000 personnel currently
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
North Field
Ras Laffan
Doha
CO2 Capture and Injection at RasGas
Storage
MonitoringCapture & Injection
Results:
 All indications are that AGI is contained in local
area below Hith seal
 Injectivity is steady
 Pressure is well below fracture pressure
 Micro-gravity does properly detect the total
amount of gas injected
 The Gas plume is contained as expected
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
CO2 Capture and Injection at RasGas
Environmental benefits:
 80 MMscfd = 3,300 tons/day injected
 Net CO2 Emission Reduction ~ 2,800
tons/day
 SO2 Emission Reduction ~ 32 tons/day
(vs. SRU): responds to stricter regulations
 Avoid stock piling sulfur / sulfur spills
Other CO2 Emission Reduction Initiatives at
RasGas:
 Flare Minimization Program: Flare
reduction of 5 bcf in 2007 (~ 750 tons CO2
/day)
 Indirect: opportunity for energy efficiency
/ green building are pursued.
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
SGS - 2008
Challenges and Opportunities in Qatar
 Regulatory incentives: development of national GHG policy and
emission reduction implementation plan, future UNFCC discussions
 Market incentives: local and US carbon trading
 Carbon Capture & Sequestration:
 Eligibility as CDM
 Reservoir availability, long term storage
 Power plants: commercial development of capture technology
 Potential for large scheme CCS with EOR (UAE project)
 Financial support + credits from CDM/ET
 Energy efficiency: manufacturing, district cooling, housing
 Renewable energy
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009
Thank You!
Fragu, Finley, Bagchi, Al-Qadi
10 March 2009

similar documents