Folie 1 - AGRU

Report
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
GENERAL INFORMATIONS
• General
informations
• Material
properties
Range of Plastics
Synthetic Plastics
Modified Natural Substances
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
Polymers
Polycondensates
Polyadducts
Thermoplasts
Polyolefines
Fluorpolymeres
PVC, PS,...
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Polyethylene PE
Polyvinylidenfluorid PVDF
Polypropylen PP
Ethylen-Chlortrifluorethylen ECTFE
WHY PLASTICS ?
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Good physical properties
(low specific weight, flexible
material,...)
 Wide range of application fields
 Easy handling
 Easy installation
 Superior chemical resistance
 Clean material
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
POLYETHYLEN PE
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
H H
C C
H H n
POLYETHYLEN PE
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
 Flexible
 Low specific weight of 0,95 kg/dm³
 Favourable transportation (e.g. coils)
 Good weathering resistance
 Good weldability
• Philosophy
injection moulding
 No deposits and no overgrowth possible
• Product range
 Resistant to rodents
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
POLYETHYLEN PE
GENERAL PROPERTIES / TYPES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
PE80 (2nd Generation)
= composition of only one polymer
[Polyethylen with high Density (PEHD)]
Low pressure polymerisation process (standard)
Molecularstructure
PE 100 (3rd Generation)
= composition of only one polymer
[Polyethylen with high Density (PEHD)]
Modified controlled polymerisation process with new
catalysts  bimodule structure result in better properties
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Molecularstructure
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
PE 80
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
PE 100
POLYPROPYLEN PP
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
H H
C C
H CH3 n
POLYPROPYLEN PP
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
 Flexible
• Material
properties
 Low specific weight of 0,91 kg/dm³
• Creep curves
 Favourable transportation (e.g. coils)
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
 Corrosion resistant
• Welding guidelines
 Resistant to all kinds of microbic corrosion
• Temporary
joints
 Low permeability
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Good weldability
POLYPROPYLEN PP
GENERAL PROPERTIES / TYPES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
PP-H 100 (Homopolymer)
= composition of only one polymer, the prolypropylene
P–P–P–P–P–P–P–P–P–P
PP-B 80 (Block-Copolymer)
= compolymer, where Ethylene is taken up in blocks
up to 30 % (normally <7%)
P–P–P–E–E–E–P–P–P–P
PP-R 80 (Random-Copolymer)
= certain percentage (2 – 7%) of Ethylene is built in
static distributed
E–P–E–P–P–P–E–P–P–P
POLYVINYLIDENFLUORIDE PVDF
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
F H
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
C C
(C2H2F2)n
H F n
PVDF results at the polymerisation process of
Vinylidenefluoride
POLYVINYLIDENFLUORID PVDF
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
 High heat resistant
 Very good chemical resistance
 Resistant against UV- and g – radiation
• Welding guidelines
 Excellent abrasion resistance (low friction coefficient)
• Temporary
joints
 Superior insulation and electrical properties
• Philosophy
injection moulding
 Flame retarding (UL94-VO)
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Good mechanical properties
POLYVINYLIDENFLUORID PVDF
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
Pipes, Fittings, Valves and Semi Finished Products
are manufactured out of one raw material
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Solef 1010
Solef 6010
• Welding guidelines
Solef 1008
Solef 1008
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
SOLEF = Suspensions-PVDF
• higher degree of crystallinity
• higher melting point
• higher thermomechanical properties
(compared to the Emulsionprocess)
ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
H H F F
C C C C
(C4H4F3Cl)
n
H H Cl F n
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
(-CH2 – CH2 – CF2 – CF -)n
Cl
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Copolymer out of Ethylen and Chlortrifluoroethylen
ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
 Broad operating temperature range
 UV and g – radiation resistant ageing resistant
 Flame retardant (UL94-V0)
 Marvellous chemical resistance (acids, alkalis, solvents,
chlorine,...)
• Philosophy
injection moulding
 Physiologically non-toxic
• Product range
 Very good sliding properties
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE
GENERAL PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Pipes, Fittings, Valves and Semi Finished
Products are manufactured out of one raw
material  HALAR ECTFE
Halar 901
Halar 901
Halar 350
Halar 350
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
CREEP CURVES
CREEP CURVE
PE 100
50,0
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
30,0
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Material
properties
40,0
20,0
10°C
20°C
20°C
10,0
10,0 9,0
8,0
N/mm²7,0
6,0
 MRS10
40°C
60°C
80°C
5,0
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
1
0,5
0,1
10
25 50 100
Standzeit [Jahre]
50 years
0,6
1,0
10
2
10
3
10
4
10
Time to fail [h]
5
10
10
CREEP CURVE
PE 100
50,0
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
30,0
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Material
properties
40,0
20,0
10°C
20°C
40°C
50°C
9,0
10,0
8,0
7,0
6,0
~6,7
N/mm² 5,0
60°C
80°C
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
1
0,5
0,1
10
25 50 100
Standzeit [Jahre]
10 years
0,6
1,0
10
2
10
3
10
4
10
Time to fail [h]
5
10
10
CREEP CURVE
PP-H100
50,0
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
30,0
10°C
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Material
properties
40,0
20°C
20,0
20°C
30°C
40°C
50°C
10
N/mm²
60°C
10,0
9,0
8,0
7,0
 MRS10
70°C
80°C
90°C
95°C
6,0
5,0
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,0
0,9
0,8
50 years
0,7
1
0,6
0,5
0,1
1,0
10
2
10
3
10
10
Standzeit [Jahre]
4
10
Time to fail [h]
25
5
10
50 100
6
10
CREEP CURVE
PP-R80
50,0
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
30,0
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Material
properties
40,0
20,0
10°C
20°C
20°C
30°C
~9,8
N/mm²
40°C
10,0
9,0
8,0
 MRS8
50°C
60°C
70°C
7,0
6,0
5,0
80°C
90°C
95°C
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
1
• Typical
applications
0,5
0,1
10
Standzeit [Jahre]
25
50 100
50 years
0,6
1,0
10
2
10
3
10
Time to fail [h]
4
10
5
10
6
10
CREEP CURVE
PVDF
50,0
40,0
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
20°C
30°C
30,0
40°C
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Material
properties
20°C
50°C
27
N/mm²
60°C
20,0
70°C
80°C
90°C
95°C
100°C
110°C
10,0
120°C
9,0
8,0
130°C
7,0
6,0
140°C
5,0
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
1
0,6
10
25
50 100
50 years
Time to fail [years]
0,5
0,1
1,0
10
10
2
10
3
Time to fail [h]
10
4
10
5
10
6
CREEP CURVE
ECTFE
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• General
informations
50
40
30
20°C
20
23°C
~18
N/mm²10
60°C
7
5
4
3
90°C
1
2
5
10
25 50
10 years
Time to fail [years]
1 0
10
1
10
2
10
3
10
4
10
Time to fail [h]
5
10
6
10
CREEP BEHAVIOUR
PE100 / PP-H100 / PP-R80 / PVDF / ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
Reference stress [N/mm²]
Medium: water 20°C & 50 years
50,0
• Creep curves
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Reference stress sv [N/mm²]
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
40,0
PVDF
30,0
ECTFE
PP-H100
20,0
PP-R80
10°C
20°C
PE100
30°C
10,0
9,0
8,0
0,1
40°C
50°C
1,0
10
2
10
3
10
Time to fail [h]
4
10
5
10
1
10
Standzeit [Jahre]
10
25
50 100
6
CREEP BEHAVIOUR
PE100 / PP-H100 / PP-R80 / PVDF / ECTFE
• General
informations
Reference stress [N/mm²]
Medium: water 20°C & 50 years
• Material
properties
27
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
18 (10 years)
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
10
• Philosophy
injection moulding
10 9,8
• Product range
EC
TF
E
F
D
PV
-R
80
0
PP
PP
-H
10
10
PE
• Typical
applications
0
• Compressive
creep test
DENSITY
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
2
1,8
1,6
1,4
1,2
1
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
Density
0,95
0,91
PE
PP
1,78
1,68
PVDF ECTFE
TEMPERATURE LIMITS [°C]
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
170
PE
PP
140
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
PVDF
120
ECTFE
150
110
80
70
Minimum Temperature
Limit [°C]
Maximum Temperature
Limit [°C]
20
-5
-30
-40
-80
-40
-76
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS
MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
 PE-el:
Polyethylene electro-conductive
 PP-s:
Polypropylene self-extinguishing
 PPs-el:
Polypropylene self-extinguishing
and electro-conductive
 PP white
 PP-s white
 PP black
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Modifications will influence the properties of the
standard materials
MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS
APPLICATIONS
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
Material
Property
Typical application
PE-el:
Surface resistivity <106
[Ohm]
PP-s:
UL94 – V2 to V0
(s>9mm)
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Lining of tanks and
containers
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
Ventilation piping
system
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
PP-s-el:
UL94 – V0 and a
surface resistivity of
<106 [Ohm]
Transport systems for
explosive media
MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS
APPLICATIONS
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
Property
PP white:
Slightly blue
coloured
Construction of
facilities
PP-s white:
UL94 – V2 to V0
(s>9mm)
Wet benches
PP black:
Resistant against UV Out door systems
radiation
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Typical application
Material
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
SDR
• General
informations
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
da
• Material
properties
SDR =
da
s
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
example:
da = 110mm
• Compressive
creep test
s = 10mm
• Typical
applications
SDR = ?
SDR
...Standard Dimension Ratio
da
...Outside diameter [mm]
s
...Wall thickness [mm]
da
110
SDR =
= 11
=
s
10
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
S-NUMBER
• General
informations
• Material
properties
S=
• Creep curves
2
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
SDR - 1
example:
SDR11
S=?
S=
SDR - 1
2
11 - 1
=
2
=5
 therefore: ...SDR11 ISO-S5...
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
pzul =
• Creep curves
20 . MRS
(SDR – 1) . cmin
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
pzul
...permissible operating pressure [bar]
MRS
...Minimum Required Strength [N/mm²]
• Compressive
creep test
SDR
...Standard Dimension Ratio
• Typical
applications
Cmin
...Safety factor (=1,25 acc. ISO 12162)
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
example:
PE 100  MRS = 10 N/mm²
SDR 11
cmin = 1,25
pzul = ?
• Philosophy injection
moulding
• Product range
• Compressive creep
test
• Typical applications
20 . MRS
pzul =
(SDR – 1) . cmin
=
20 . 10
(11 – 1) . 1,25
=
16 bar
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
SAFETY FACTOR
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Material
10 bis 40°C
PE 100
PP-H
PP-R
PVDF
ECTFE
1,6
Temperature
40 bis 60°C
1,25
1,4
1,25
1,6
2,0
über 60°C
1,25
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Pa =
PB
fAP . fCR . AZ
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
Pa
• Philosophy
injection moulding
PB
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
fAP
fCR
AZ
... Operating pressure
of the relevant application [bar]
... Component operating pressure,
valid for water [bar]
... Application factor
... Chemical resistance factor according DVS
... Reducing factor for the specific tenacity
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Application factor fAP
material
PE 100
PE-el
PP-H
PP-R
PP-R-el
PP-R-s-el
PVDF
ECTFE
application
factor
fAP
1,6
1,9
1,25
1,6
2,4
2,4
1,25
1,0
C-factor
(acc. ISO 12162)
1,25
1,25
1,6
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,6
2,0
total safety
factor at 20°C
(fAP x C)
2,0
2,4
2,0
2,0
3,0
3,0
2,0
2,0
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Reducing factor for the specific tenacity by low
temperatures (DVS 2205, part 1)
material
PE 100
PE-el
PP-H
PP-R
PP-R-el
PP-R-s-el
PVDF
operating temperature
-10°C
+20°C
1,2
1,0
1,6
1,4
1,8
1,3
1,5
1,1
*)
1,5
*)
1,7
1,6
1,4
*) not
recommended
CALCULATION GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
example:
PE 100  MRS = 10 N/mm²
SDR 11, C = 1,25
medium : nitric acid, 53% concentration
temperature: 20°C
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
pad =
20 . MRS
(SDR – 1) . Cmin
=
20 .
10
(11 – 1) . 1,25
= 16 bar
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
pB
pa =
fAP . fCR . AZ
16
=
1,6 . 2,00 . 1
=
5 bar
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
WELDING GUIDELINES
WELDING GUIDELINES
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
Heating element butt welding
Heating element butt welding
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Electrosocket welding
• Welding guidelines
Extrusion welding
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Hot gas welding
Flange connection (detachable joint)
Union (detachable joint)
Thread connection (detachable joint)
HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
PRINCIPLE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
Preparation of the welding
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
heating element
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
Alignment and preheating
• Philosophy
injection moulding
pipe end
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Joining and cooling
HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
PRINCIPLE
• General
informations
pressure
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
temperature
Weldingtemperature
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Alignment
resp. Joining
pressure
Cooling
Adjusting
Alignment
Joining
Praeheating
pressure build-up
Welding time
HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
WELDING MACHINE FOR BIG Ø
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
BUILDING-SITE WELDING MACHINE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
HEATING ELEMENT SOCKET WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
Preparation of the welding
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
heating element
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
Alignment and pre-heating
• Philosophy
injection moulding
fitting
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Joining and cooling
pipe end
HEATING ELEMENT SOCKET WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
ELECTROFUSION
PE/PP
• General
informations
• Material
properties
pipe end
indicator
connection
pin
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
middle stop
welding wire
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Principle: The welding wire is heated up due to
the energy input of the welding machine. Pipe
and electro fusion fitting are welded together.
ELECTROFUSION
WELDING MACHINE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Polymatic plus
EXTRUSION WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
welding shoe
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
supplying of
welding filler
(from extruder)
welding device
welded seam
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
hot gas
working piece
EXTRUSION WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF
HAND EXTRUSION EQUIPMENT
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
HOT GAS WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
welding rod
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
welding device
welded steam
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
working piece
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
hot gas
HOT GAS WELDING
PE/PP/PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
TEMPORARY JOINTS
FLANGE CONNECTION
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
screws
backing ring
pipe
sealing
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
stub flange
Principle: The stub flanges, which are welded onto the
pipes, are pressed by the help of the screws onto the
sealing between it.
UNION
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
union nut
sealing
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
compression part
threaded part
UNION
PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
THREADED CONNECTION
PE/PP/PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
fully coated plastic flow
area
standard metric thread
(NPT-thred on request)
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
welding area
THREADED CONNECTION
PE/PP/PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING
PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING
CENTRAL INJECTION MOULDING GATE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
 High dimensional accurancy of the fitting
 No joint lines (source of weakness!)
 Low internal stresses
 Same flow distance for all flow paths
 High long time properties (internal
pressure test):
• Product range
-
• Compressive
creep test
Requirements for the standards:
165h
-
AGRU fittings reach more than
1.500h upto 10.000h  higher
safety
• Typical
applications
PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING
DECENTRAL INJECTION MOLDING GATE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
joint line
 Limited dimensional
accurancy of the fitting
 Joint lines (source of
weakness!)
 Low long time properties
 High internal stresses
 Different flow distance for all
flow paths
PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING
CENTRAL MOULDING GATE
 PRODUCT PROPERTIES
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 High dimensional stability
 Low internal stresses
 Good weldability
 Increased long time properties
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
PRODUCT RANGE
PRODUCT RANGE
PE/PP
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
 Extruded pipes in all pressure rates(Ø20 – 1400)
PE pipes available on request up to 2200mm
 Fittings for electrosocket and butt welding (“elongated“
fittings) upto 315mm
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
 Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded (-500mm)
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Segmented (fabricated) fittings for butt welding (1400mm)
PRODUCT RANGE
PE/PP
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
 Electrofusion fittings (mainly PE)
 Fittings for heating element socket welding (“socket
fusion“ fittings) upto 110mm
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
 Special fittings
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Sheets, roundbars, welding rods
PRODUCT RANGE
PVDF
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Extruded pipes upto Ø400mm
 Sockets for electrofusion (HPF-welding)
 Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded (-315mm)
 Socket welding fittings Ø20 - Ø110mm
 Valves, fittings
PRODUCT RANGE
ECTFE
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
 Extruded pipes upto Ø160mm
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
 Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded upto 110mm
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
 Diaphragm valves upto Ø63mm
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
COMPRESSIVE CREEP TEST
LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST
ACC. DIN 8078
• General
informations
• Material
properties
AGRU
PP-pipe
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Test criteria:
1000h at 95°C s=3,5N/mm²
Test result:
>2400h without failure
LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST
ACC. DIN 8078
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Other PP pipes in
comparison
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Test criteria:
1000h at 95°C
s=3,5N/mm²
Test result:
36h until fail
LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST
ACC. DIN 8078
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Double containment piping system for the transport
of chemicals which could contaminate the soil in
ecological sensitive areas.
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Drainage system for a bridge
PE Ø315mm
Connectors Ø90mm
Butt- and Electrosocket welding
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
PE Water distribution
system
• Welding guidelines
AGRU- plant1
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Main dimensions Ø200mm
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Water for industrial use distribution system
PE Piping system in connection with PE storage
tanks
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
PP Ducting
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Ø560mm
Segmented (fabricated) fittings
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
Feed line for the transport of hazard chemicals,
manufactured in PP
• Material
properties
Segmented fittings Ø560mm
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Support pipe line in PP
Ø355mm
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
PVDF Process ducting Ø40mm
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
Chemical support line
for a mixing unit in
PVDF
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
Ø50 and Ø32mm
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM
• General
informations
• Material
properties
• Creep curves
• Modified
thermoplastics
• Calculation
guidelines
• Welding guidelines
• Temporary
joints
• Philosophy
injection moulding
• Product range
• Compressive
creep test
• Typical
applications
ECTFE Process piping system Ø32 and Ø50mm
T +43 (0) 7258 790 - 0
F +43 (0) 7258 3863
E [email protected]
AGRU Kunststofftechnik GmbH
Ing.-Pesendorfer-Str. 31
A-4540 Bad Hall
Austria / EU
www.agru.at
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION
Subject to errors of typesetting, misprints
and modifications. Illustration are generic
and for reference only!

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