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TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
1.PRINCIPLES REGULATING
THE EDUCATION SYSTEM
The Turkish education system is
organized on the basis of;
-Constitution
of the Turkish Republic
-- Laws Regulating Education
-- Government Programs
- Development Plans
- National Education Councils
Based on these factors, education
principles have been defined as
follows;

- Education
- Education
- Education
- Education
- Education
equality,
- Education
shall
shall
shall
shall
shall
be national,
be Republican,
be secular,
have a scientific foundation,
incorporate generality and
shall be functional and modern.
2.Characteristics of National Education
"Everyone is equal before the laws
without any discrimination
according to language, race, color,
gender, political views,
philosophical beliefs, religion, sect
or similar reasons.’’
No person, family, group or class
may have privileges.

The general purpose of the Turkish
National Education is to raise all
Turkish citizens;
(1) as individuals who protect and develop
the national, human, moral and cultural
values of the Turkish nation and human
rights

(2) as individuals who are developed in
terms of body, mind, moral, spirit and
emotions, with scientific thinking abilities
and a wide worldview
(3) in line with their own interests and
abilities and to ensure they have a
profession which will make them happy
and contribute to the happiness of society.
3.ATATÜRK'S OPINIONS
ABOUT EDUCATION

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
( 19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was
a Turkish army officer, revolutionary
statesman, writer, and the first President
of Turkey. He is credited with being the
founder of the Republic of Turkey.

Education is the most important vision
of Atatürk.With pencil or chalk in hand,
he personally instructed children and
adults in schoolrooms, parks, and other
places.
•And…
• Atatürk qualified the teachers
as 'the most self-sacrificing and
respected people all around the
world.'
•Ladies, gentlemen…
• The method to be applied in education and
instruction is to make knowledge a
practical and useful tool that ensures
success in material life rather than an
accessory.Education must be free from all
superstitions and be of high quality.
4.GENERAL STRUCTURE
OF THE EDUCATION
SYSTEM

The education system includes two
subsystems, namely "formal education
and "non-formal education".

Formal education includes Pre-Primary
education, primary education, secondary
education and higher education institutions.
*Pre-primary and primary education involves
the education of children between 6-14.
Primary education is compulsory for all citizens,
boys or girls, and is given free of charge in
public schools.Primary education institutions
are schools that provide eight years of
uninterrupted education, at the end of which
graduates receive a primary education diploma.
The lessons taught in a week at
primary schools are as follows:
TURKISH
5 HOURS
ENGLISH
4 HOURS
MATHS
4 HOURS
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
4 HOURS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
3 HOURS
EDUCATION OF RELIGION AND
ETHICS
2 HOURS
MUSIC
1 HOUR
ART
1 HOUR
PHYSICAL EDUCATION
2 HOURS
TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN
2 HOURS
GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
1 HOUR
THINKING ABILITIES
1 HOUR
*Secondary education includes all
institutions of general, vocational and
technical education for a period of at least
three years after primary education. The
purpose of secondary education is to
prepare the students for higher education,
for profession, for life and for business in
line with their interests and skills.

*Higher education includes all education
institutions at all levels for a period of at
least four semesters after secondary
education. Among higher education
institutions are universities, faculties,
institutes, higher education schools,
conservatories, vocational higher
education schools and applicationresearch centers.
• The purpose of non-formal education is to
provide education services to people who
have never received the formal education
system or have left the education at any
level.. Services given by non-formal
education are

* to teach reading-writing to
students who haven’t completed
their education
*
to teach people from various professions
the knowledge and skills they need to
improve themselves
 * to provide the habit of using one's free
time in a useful way.

“Assurance of future is based on a solid
basis in education, and education is based
on teachers.”
Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK

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