Saving the Dead Sea

Report
RED SEA- DEAD SEA PROJECT/PHASE I
The Government of the
HASHEMITE KINGDOM
of JORDAN
Represented by
The Ministry of Water and Irrigation
January 2014
❶
Establish a Secure and Affordable Water Supply for
Jordan while Saving the Dead Sea from Extinction
❷
❸
Support Widespread Economic Growth in Jordan
❹
Facilitate Private and Public Partnership through a
(BOT) project.
Provide for Potential Regional Water Sharing
Jordan ranks as the 3rd poorest nation in terms of freshwater resources
at 133m3/person/year
Water Deficit in Jordan
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035
MCM/Yr
MCM/Yr
MCM/Yr
MCM/Yr
MCM/Yr
Demand
Base Deficit
Add 25%(15%
Physical Losses,
10% Influx from
neighboring
Countries
Add Reduction of
over abstraction
345.6
Supply
321.0
Deficit Demand Supply
-39.8
240.8 -104.8
0.0
391.0
321.0
100.0
-70.0
Demand Supply
429.6
Deficit
321.0
-108.5
240.8 -150.2
240.8
-188.8
-16.1
-32.1
-104.8
Total Deficit in the
Kingdom w/o Disi
Deficit
-166.3
100.0
Demand
472.0
Supply
Deficit
321.0
-150.9
240.8
-231.2
-48.2
-220.9
100.0
Demand
518.5
Supply
Deficit
321.0
-197.5
240.8
-277.7
-64.2
-279.3
100.0
-342.0
100.0
Disi
Kingdom with Disi
-4.8
-66.3
-120.9
-179.3
-242.0
Ministry of Water and
Irrigation
Ministry of Water and
Irrigation
Red Sea – Dead Sea
Water Conveyance Study Program
WB Study
Multi-Stakeholder Consultations
Completed Studies
1. Feasibility Study
Coyne et Bellier
2. Environmental and
Social Assessment
ERM
3. Study of Alternatives
Professors Allan, Tsur and Malkawi
4. Red Sea Modeling Study
5. Dead Sea Modeling Study
Thetis
Tahal
6
Beneficiary Party
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
Jordan
230
310
370
460
560
Israel
60
60
60
60
60
Palestine
60
60
60
60
60
Available for Further
Allocation
0
0
50
90
170
Total MCM/Year
350
430
540
670
850
Operating Cost
$ Million/Year
396
418
473
548
635
7
Expected Impact on the Dead Sea (WB)
Discharged Water
(mcm/yr)
0 100
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Level rise
0
Level change (m/yr)
Level drop
-1
Mono mictic
Stratification
?
Mero mictic
seasonal
long term, dilution
Cyanobacteria
Biological bloom
Dunaliella
?
Gypsum whitening
Sinkholes
Groundwater
More sinkholes
(crystal size, growth rate)
Acceleration (?)
Due to dilution
Minor depletion
No depletion
As A follow-up on the WB Study
The Regional Countries are in agreement to
start the implementation of an initial phase to
fulfil the concept of:
Rapid initiation of RSDS Regional Project with
Initial Phase I, and it will serve as a pilot phase.
Initiating the infrastructure elements of all
subsequent project phases
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed
on Dec 9, 2013 between Jordan, the Palestinian Authority,
and Israel at the World Bank in Washington DC, in which
all parties agreed to start the implementation of the first
phase of the RSDS project on BoT basis.

Following up on this MoU, bi-lateral agreements will be
signed between Jordan and Israel and Palestinian
Authority and Israel soon;

This project RSDS-Phase I (Red Sea Desalination
Project at Aqaba) is a result of a joint initiative to promote
regional cooperation among Israel, Jordan and the
Palestinian Authority (the Beneficiary Parties).







Treatment and Desalination Plant (80-100)
mcm/yr
Freshwater Booster Pump Station to Aqaba
(2 pumps -300 m and 2-50 m pumps)
Freshwater Conveyance
(4 km of 1.2 m Pipeline to Border)
(17.0 km of 0.8 to 1.0 m Pipeline to Aqaba)
Seawater Conveyance
(2km of 3.7 m pipeline and 22 km of 2.2 m
Pipeline)
Seawater Intake Pump Station
(pumps- 50m VT pumps; 4,500 HP motors)
Intake Structure
(178 to 222 mcm/yr) with Max Capacity 700
mcm/yr
Aqaba
Red Sea
Amman

Desalination Brine Conveyance
(200 km of 1.4 to 1.8m Pipeline)

Desalination Brine Pressure Regulation
(3-Pressure Reducing Stations;
With the potential to be replaced by
Hydropower Generation Stations

1- (Reservoir) at high point

Two desalination Brine Booster Pump
Station
Dead Sea
Aqaba
Red Sea
Recipient Beneficial Parties
Water Supplies
Government of
Jordan
Government of
Israel
Palestinian
Authority
(mcm/yr)
(mcm/yr)
(mcm/yr)
30-50
50
1 Red Sea Desalination Water
(80-100 mcm/yr)
Delivered by Phase I - RSDS Project
-
2 Lake Tiberias Transfer Water
(50 mcm/yr)
Delivered by Beit Zera - KAC Pipeline
50
-
-
3 Med. Sea Desalination Water
(20-30 mcm/yr)
Delivered through Israel's National Carrier
Potential Total Annual Water Supply
80-100
50
20-30
20-30

The Gulf of Aqaba is Protected, no Environmental effects

Infrastructure is Designed to be Expanded

No Infrastructure is Abandoned in Future Phases

The Phase I Desalination Facility at Aqaba Provides Flexibility in
Delivering Freshwater to Current Consumers

Project Financing is Feasible through a Combination of
Acceptable Water Rates and Financial Grants

The Project Initiates the Process to Save the Dead Sea
Next Step
Preparation of RFP for the Selection and Assignment of a Specialized Engineering Firms to
prepare Preliminary Design, Legal and Financial Terms, and Tender Documents based on BoT
and PPP participation. DRAFT RFP is AVAILABLE
Implementation Schedule
Activity
Duration
Preparation of Tender Documents
Tendering of
Contractors
Contract
for
Final Selection of preferred bidder
Beginning of Construction Phase
Duration of Construction
12 months: Starts in March, 2014
BOT
Nov, 2014
May, 2015
Jan, 2016
30 months

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