Document

Report
Unmanned Aircraft
Systems
NAS Integration
Challenges
Presented to: SAE AGCSC
By: Doug Davis, FAA UAPO
Date: March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
What is UAS?
 Unmanned Aircraft System(s) (UAS)
historically called by various terms:
– Drone/ROA/RPV/UAV/Model/R-C
 Includes:
– Unmanned Aircraft (UA)
– Aircraft Control Station
– Command & Control Link/s
 Operated or flown by a “pilot”
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
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UAS Operations in the NAS
 Within “Segregated” Special Use Airspace – No FAA Coordination
– Includes Restricted, Warning Areas and Prohibited areas
– Excludes Military Operating Areas, Air Traffic Control Assigned
Airspace (ATCAA), Alert Areas and Controlled Firing Areas
– Primarily used by Department of Defense
– Predominantly Public use Aircraft
 In non-segregated airspace – Requires FAA Approval and Authority
– “Public” UAS – through Certificate of Authorization (COA) process
– “Civil” UAS – using experimental airworthiness certification process
 FAA policy explained and clarified in Federal Register Notice issued
February 13, 2007
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Experimentals
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Experimentals
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Experimentals
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Administration
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Experimentals
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
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Experimentals
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Federal Aviation
Administration
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Challenges
• Start with the pilot --- the “Unmanned” issue
– Remotely located
– Non-Compliance with 14 CFR Part 91
• All the visual stuff….plus more
– What about Command & Control?
• Additional step in the comm process now included
– ATC issues clearance to remote pilot using a link then pilot
must transmit command to aircraft using a link
• Latency Issues?
– Human Factors
• Pilot position development has a LONG way to go
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
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Challenges
• The Links
– No identified protected frequency spectrum for UAS
• Command & Control needed
• Detect, Sense, and Avoid link also
• Beginning discussions for WRC 2011
– No Industry position on projected required
bandwidth
– Link will need to be “gold-plated” if critical capability
remains in the Ground Control Station (GCS)
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
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Challenges
• The Aircraft
–
–
–
–
Loads of shapes and sizes
Structures
Hard to see
Do not perform the way manned aircraft do at
altitude
– Onboard systems are not always redundant
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
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Challenges
• The Regulations
– Don’t specifically call out UAS
– Were designed with the onboard pilot in mind
• New Regulations are needed
– Lengthy process
– Need time to develop
– Use basis of other FAR’s where it makes sense
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Challenges
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Administration
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More…..
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Administration
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Finally
We are just starting this journey……
Going too fast can make a bad day for a lot of
people…..
We need the time to do this right…..not
slow….but right
Unmanned Aircraft – NAS Integration Challenges
March 2, 2007
Federal Aviation
Administration
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