National Strategic Plan on Green Growth 2013-2030

Report
2nd GREEN MEKONG FORUM
Bangkok, Thailand, 21 Oct 2013
GREEN GROWTH FOR
SUSTAINABL DEVELOPMENT
in CAMBODIA
Prepared by: DANH Serey, Deputy Secretary-General
General Secretariat for Green Growth
Ministry of Environment
E-mail : danhserey@yahoo.com
HP: 855-16 821 353
1
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Climate Change issue refers to a global warming, increase
in temperature, heat wave, drought, sea level rise, increase
in salinity, shortage of fresh water, icy melting, flood, arid
soil, soil degradation, worn-out of soil fertilizer.
Human activities and natural disasters posing major
concerns and challenges, such as insecurity of food,
energy, economic and financial, social instability and a loss
of ecological balance for both the developed and
developing countries, as well as the whole world.
Excessive potential use of natural resources, the growing
population, and industrial growth also exerts strong
pressure on environment that causes imbalance between
economic growth, and natural resources conservation,
especially biodiversity, forest, fishery, water resource,
mines, and land.
To solve these problems, Cambodia established many
environmental legal frameworks and policies particularly
green growth policy for ensure sustainable development.
A- Laws and Regulations
 Constitution Law 1993
 Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources
Management, 1996
 Law on Protected Area Management, 2008
 Law on Biosafety, 2008
 Sub-decree on EIA Process, 1999
 Cambodia ratified the UNFCCC , 1995 and the Kyoto Protocol ,
2002.
 Global Green Growth Institute Agreement, 2012
 Mekong Agreement, 1995
B- Policies
 Rectangular Strategy Phase III, 2013-2018
 National Policy on Green Growth, 2013
 National Strategy Plan on Green Growth 2013-2030
Rectangular I: Promotion of Agriculture Sector
Side 4: Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
Base on this rectangular, the RGC will place priority on:
Stepping up cooperation with relevant development stakeholders under
the framework of the “National Policy on Green Growth” and the
“National Strategic Plan on Green Growth 2013-2030” through the
development of regulatory frameworks and mechanisms for carbon
trading strengthening the capacity, preparation and implementation of
climate change adaptation measures, assessment of the scope of the
use of environmental financing mechanisms including payment for
environmental service and environmental fund, strengthening the
management of protected areas including protection of biodiversity,
rain forest, and wetland areas; and environment and ecosystem
monitoring and control mechanism at both national and sub-national
levels.
Climate change from mitigation to adaptation measures is part of
Cambodian green growth focusing on the coherent and balanced
integration of economic, environmental, social and cultural
dimensions into the overall national development plan and
processes.
 Climate change is to achieve green growth goals, i.e. low carbon
growth and development resilient to climate change.
 The Royal Government of Cambodia has placed a top priority on
green growth with environmental sustainability as the core for the
achievement of Cambodia Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
and poverty reduction.
 Green Growth Institutions have been established: National Council on
Green Growth (NCGG); General Secretariat for Green Growth (GSGG)
in 2012.
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NCGG
GSGG
Division of
Administration
and Finance
Division of Green
Environment and
Natural
Resources
Division of
Green Economy
and Investment
Division of
Evaluation and
Monitoring
Green Growth Road Map focuses on:
1.
Access to Water Resource
Management and Sanitation
2.
Access to Food Security
(Agriculture) and non-chemical
products;
3.
Access to sustainable land-use
4.
Access to Renewable Energy and
Energy Efficiency
5.
Access to Information and
Knowledge
6.
Access to Means for Better
Mobility
7.
Access to Finance and Investments
All of these have been integrated into
the national green growth policy and
strategy.
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The National Policy on Green Growth
was approved by RGC on 1 March
2013.
The policy is envisaged to strike
balance of economic development
with environment, society, culture
and sustainable use of national
resources through integration,
matching and adaptation, as well as
harmonization between a green
growth principle and national policy.
The policy aims at enhancing the
well-being and livelihood of all
people in harmonization with
ecological safety through green
growth, basing on green economy,
blue economy, environment
protection, social safety nets system
and uphold of national cultural
identity.
In order to achieve the GG goals,main strategies are
as follows:
1-International
and National
Collaboration
and
Coordination
5-Sustainable
Green
Technology
Development
2-Study,
Research and
Data Analysis
GREEN
GROWTH
GOALS
4- Human
Resources
Development
3-Harmonization
of Green Growth in
the Economy,
Society, and
Culture
National Strategy Plan on Green Growth 20132030 was adopted by RGC on 1 March 2013.
The strategy needs to improve green growth
by focusing strategic direction includes:
1-Green Investment and Green Jobs Creation
2-Green Economy Management in balance
with Environment
3-Blue Economy Development with
Sustainability
4-Green Environment and Natural Resources
Management
5-Human Resources Development and Green
Education
6-Effective Green Technology Management
7-Promotion of a Green Social Safety System
8-Uphold and Protection of Green Cultural
Heritage and National Identity
9-Good Governance on Green Growth
(i). Green
Investment and
Green Jobs
Creation
(ii). Green
Economy
Management in
balance with
Environment
(iii). Blue
Economy
Development
with
Sustainability
 Encourage investors to take green growth
into account and create jobs with green
technology use.
 Investment in Efficient Use of Natural
Resources
 Effective Management of Finance in the
Public and Private Sectors
 Green Fiscal Management
 Management of Green Monetary Policy
 Management of Payment for Environmental
Services
 Effective Revenue-Expenditure Management
 Blue Economy Management and
Development
 Monitoring on Marine Pollutants
 Ensuring Marine Food Security
 Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission and
Climate Change Adaptation
(iv). Green
Environment and
Natural
Resources
Management
(v). Human
Resources
Development
and Green
Education
(vi). Effective
Green
Technology
Management
 Green Agriculture, Food Security, Food Safety and
Hygiene
 Sustainable Water Resources Management
 Effective Management of Energy and Renewable Energy
 Management and Sustainable Land Usage
 Conservation and Sustainable Fishery Management
 Infrastructure Development and Green Transports
 Green Tourism Development
 Environmental Quality Improvement
 Promoting Green Growth in a Formal
Systematic Education
 Promoting Green Growth in a NonSystematic Education
 Exchanging green knowledge, experience
and technology
 Dissemination and Education through Media
 Equipping Green Technology
 Training on Green Technology
 Green technology Investment
(vii). Promotion
of a Green Social
Safety System
(viii).
Uphold and
Protection of Green
Cultural Heritage
and National
Identity
(ix).
Good
Governance on
Green Growth
 Green Culture Social Safety
 Social Protection
 Uphold and Protection of Green Culture
 Green Cultural Heritage Conservation
 Enhancement of Intangible Cultural
Heritage
 Promote cooperation on good governance
between national and international green
institutions
 Preparing legal framework and policy
 Human Capacity Building
 Mobilize finance and development funds
 Enhancing Transparence, Accountability,
and Responsibility
1. Intergrade green growth principles
into NSDP 2014-2018.
2. Capacity Building on Green Growth
3. Develop the Green Growth Law
4. Technical and financial supports for
apply the priority projects as
mentioned in the annex of the
national strategic plan 2013-2030

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