Emotions

Report
I will present you with two pictures, a sound
and a name. Please look/listen carefully
and write down what you experience
Osama Bin Ladin
How did you feel looking and listening to
these stimuli?
2. Try to identify six different emotions and
write them down
3. Try to convey these emotions to the
people in your group and let them
guess your emotion
1.
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Anger
Anxiety
Fright
Guilt
Shame
Sadness
Envy
Jealousy
Disgust
Happiness
Pride
Relief
Hope
Love
Compassion
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A subjective feeling provoked by real or
imagined objects or events
Eliciting stimuli
 Cognitive appraisal
 Biological factors (e.g. body arousal,
physiological activity)
 Behavior associated with the emotion
(e.g. smiling, running away, violence)
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An evaluation of how a situation will affect
one’s personal well being
 Is affected by personal experiences and
beliefs
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Primary appraisal: An evaluation of how a
situation might affect our well being
Secondary appraisal: A decision of how to
react to the situation
 Can be conscious or unconscious
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Group 1: Put a pen between your teeth
Group 2: Put a pen between your lips
Rate how funny the following commercial
is from 1 to 10
Body arousal related to hormonal
activity (e.g. adrenaline and oxytocin)
 Brain activity (e.g. amygdala, prefrontal
cortex)
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A structure in the brain that is known to
register emotional reactions
 Initial research was based on rats,
modern research on neuroimaging
studies of humans
 Psychopaths show less activation in the
amygdala during emotional processing
than others
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Suggests that there are two biological pathways of
emotions in the brain due to evolution
The short route goes from the sensory thalamus to
the amygdala and leads to an instant emotion
The long route passes via the cortex and
hippocampus before it results in an emotion
 In
cases of danger, the fast pathway
saves time but makes mistakes
 The long pathway allows for more
appropriate responses to situations
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When the
sympathetic
nervous system
prepares the
body for
emergency
action
Increased blood pressure
 Increased heart rate
 Rapid respiration
 Dilated pupils
 Increased perspiration
 Decreased secretion of mucus and
saliva,
 Erect hairs on skin
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Positive emotions produce fewer bodily changes
than negative emotions
Body arousal affects the intensity of emotion
Facial characteristics and bodily changes are
distinct for different emotions. Heart rate is faster for
negative emotions, skin temperature for anger is
higher than in fear or sadness. These differences
are universal
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Go back to the six emotions that you
identified. Now rank them from highest to
lowest based on the level of body arousal
After you are done, rank them from the
most positive to the most negative
emotion
Finally, rank them from the most intensive
to the least intensive emotion
Can you see any relationship between
body arousal and intensity or type of
emotion?
After hearing this presentation, please
create your own model on how you think
cognitive and biological factors interact in
emotion. Make sure that you include the
following emotional components:
associated behavior, eliciting stimuli,
cognitive appraisal, body changes,
subjective experience of the emotion

www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/min
d/surveys/disgust/index.shtml
www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/m
ind/surveys/smiles
 glennrowe.net/BaronCohen/Faces/EyesT
est.aspx
 www.cio.com/article/facial-expressionstest
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