The Indian Subcontinent Achieves Freedom A Game The Rules O Each group will have 1 person who has their outline out & 1 person who has a book. O 3 points = answer with only memory O 2 points = answer with outline O 1 point = answer with book O Cheating will result in a loss of turn & a 3 point deduction O Each group will be given 30 seconds to answer O If they are stuck, the question bounces until a group can answer it Define: O 1. Imperialism – O Control over another country. This can take different forms such as economic or political. O 2. Colonialism – O Having and maintaining colonies outside of your own country. Background O 3. Approximately how long was Britain a ruling force in India? O 2 centuries O 4. What happened during WWII that further inflamed Indians? O GB committed Indian soldiers O 5. Who was the leader of the Muslim League? O Muhammad Ali Jinnah O 6. What were the 2 political parties in India? O Muslim League & Congress Party (Indian Nat. Congress) New Country O 7. The Partition formed another country. What country? O Pakistan O 8. How was that country different than it is now? O There was East & West Pakistan O 9. How did WWII push GB toward granting India freedom? O War debts and continued rebellions O 10. Approximately how many people died in the summer of 1947? O 1 million Religion O 11. Which religious group headed to Pakistan? O Muslims O 12. Which religion aligned itself with Hindus? O Sikhs O 13. Who killed Gandhi in 1948? O A Hindu extremist O 14. In what way was the assassination of Gandhi ironic? O He was peaceful, yet killed in a violent way. And, killed by his own religion’s extremist. Disputes O 15. Over what region did the UN call a cease-fire in 1949? O Kashmir O 16. What significant “title” did India achieve in 1947? O The largest democracy in the world O 17. What causes continual fighting over Kashmir to this day? O Religion, borders, & water Leadership O 18. Who became India’s first Prime Minister in 1947? O Jawaharlal Nehru O 19. What important figure had Nehru followed and admired? O Gandhi O 20. How did Nehru attempt to organize the states? O By Language O 21. Who became the next Prime Minister when Nehru died in 1964? O His daughter, Indira Gandhi More Leadership O 22. What religious group caused much trouble for Indira Gandhi? O Sikhs O 23. What conflict caused her to be assassinated? O Over the Golden Temple at Amritsar O 24. Who became the next Prime Minister? O Her son, Rajiv Gandhi O 25. What happened to him? O He was assassinated by political rivals in 1991 Looking Ahead O 26. What do both India and Pakistan have that causes other countries to worry? O Nuclear Warheads O 27. What is expected to happen to India’s population by 2035? O That it will surpass China O 28. Why were east and west Pakistan so unstable and divided? O They are 1000 miles apart O 29. What country was formed from East Pakistan in 1971? O Bangladesh More Independence O 30. How many people died in the conflict between Pakistan and Bangladesh? O About 1 million O 31. What struggles has Bangladesh faced in the decades since its independence? O Political corruption, floods, economy O 32. What major problem still haunts Bangladesh? O Extreme poverty O 33. What other island nation gained its independence? O Sri Lanka Island Country O 34. What did Sri Lanka used to be called? O Ceylon O 35. What ethnic group lives in Sri Lanka? O Tamils O 36. What do the Tamils continue to fight for to this day? O Their own nation Thinking Deeper O 37. What struggles have all of these newly independent nations shared? O Economic & political instability O 38. What factors are out of human control that have also caused problems for these countries? O Harsh climates, floods, droughts O 39. How does the study of religion help us see problems in these countries?