Latitude & Longitude

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Latitude &
Longitude
What is Latitude?
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Lines that circle the globe east-west
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Measures how far north or south a point on Earth lies from the equator
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Each degree is separated by approximately 111km
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Equator: 0º (divides earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres)
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North Pole: 90º N
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South Pole: 90º S
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Tropic of Cancer: 23.5º N
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Farthest northern latitude at which the
Sun may appear directly overhead
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Tropic of Capricorn: 23.5º S
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Farthest southern latitude at which the
Sun may appear directly overhead
What is Longitude?
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Lines that circle the globe north-south
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Lines becomes closer to each other at the North and South Poles
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Measures how far east or west a point on Earth lies from the Prime
Meridian
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Divides the earth in the Eastern and Western hemispheres
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Western hemisphere coordinates are from 0 to 180º W
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Eastern hemisphere coordinates are from 0 to 180º E
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The Earth altogether is 360º
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Prime Meridian is set at 0º & runs through Greenwich, England
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Sets the Coordinated Universal Time (time zones)
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There are 24 times zones in the world (every 15º)

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