English PResentation ahana gavin

Report
WHY MIGHT TWO OF
YOUR PART 3 WORKS BE
CONSIDERED ‘TIMELESS’
BY AHANA AND GAVIN
INTRODUCTION
• Define: ‘timeless’
• State that content of the works transcend time and are
universally understood and applicable
• The themes in ‘The Merchant of Venice’ and ‘The Reader’
are universal.
• The main themes are:
• Justice
• Prejudice
• Mercy
THEMES
• Explain how themes contribute to the ‘timelessness’
of the piece
• Compare the context of when the piece was written with
current times and elaborate on how themes remain
applicable and relevant
• Discuss the nature and significance of themes in the play
and novel
• Interpretation of themes such as justice might change over
time, but the initial idea is still relevant
JUSTICE
• The Reader
• Schlink utilises setting (courtroom) as a symbol for justice.
• Justice is not always justice (justiception)
• This is exemplified in Hanna’s false prosecution as the supposed
leader in a concentration camp
JUSTICE
• The Merchant of Venice
• Justice in Merchant of Venice
• Justice is portrayed differently in the MoV, as explored in
Shylock’s eye for an eye mentality in insisting on having a
pound of flesh
• In the play, everything is just (e.g. spitting on Shylock) as
long as it is not directed towards a fellow Christian
• Justice is a universal theme because perceptions of it may
change overtime, but the integrity of the concept remains
intact.
PREJUDICE
• Prejudice is the norm in both texts.
• Shylock and Hanna are the victims however, we are meant to
sympathise with Hanna but not Shylock
•
•
•
•
Shylock’s character construction through the use of language to
position the audience to be unsympathetic
Hanna is constructed through Michael’s eyes. Presenting their
relationship first allows the reader to sympathise with Hanna later on
in the novel when she is accused and convicted.
Her illiteracy evokes pity, especially when she admits to crimes she
didn’t commit because she cannot read the document.
Shylock’s use of language with negative connotations when
compared to the manner in which the other characters speak e.g.
he speaks using animals that are regarded negatively (rats, pigs,
cats) and the audience is meant to associate this negativity with his
character.
MERCY
• Mercy is a shared theme in both texts, and each
author expresses differing views on it.
• In the Merchant of Venice
• Portia’s Mercy speech in the courtroom portrays Mercy as a
righteous virtue, using metaphors and symbols to liken it to
attributes of gods and royalty and most importantly
Christianity
• Hypocrisy is also present when Shylock has his estate
removed and forced to convert to Christianity, despite all
that had been said before about mercy
PREJUDICE
• Prejudice is universal and therefore timeless theme
because both texts mobilize our cultural
knowledge about Nazi Germany and the
persecution of Jews.
MERCY
• In ‘The Reader’, there is a apparent lack of mercy
depicted in the courtroom, as Hanna is falsely
convicted.
• As such, true justice is not served but rather injustice
is present, which serves as a juxtaposition to the
courtroom symbolism.
• Relevant today
SETTING
• The setting for all the above themes is Venice.
• Themes such as love are associated with Belmont.

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